Spilled vs. Spilt: What's the Difference?
"Spilled" and "spilt" both mean to cause or allow liquid to flow over; "spilled" is more common in American English, while "spilt" is more common in British English.
"Spilled" and "spilt" are both past tenses of the verb "spill," which means to cause or allow (liquid) to flow over the edge of its container, especially unintentionally. "Spilled" is the standard past tense form in American English, reflecting a preference for "ed" endings in irregular verbs. In contrast, "spilt" is the standard past tense form in British English, which often retains older forms of words that have been updated in American English.
When someone says they "spilled" the milk, they are typically using American English, and it simply means they have accidentally caused the milk to flow out of its container. On the other hand, if someone says they "spilt" the milk, they are likely using British English to convey the same message. Both words communicate the same occurrence but are regional preferences in verb form.
In literature, "spilled" might be used in American publications, and the spelling conforms to American English conventions. You'll see it used in sentences like, "He spilled the beans," which means he revealed a secret. "Spilt," however, would appear in British publications, denoting the same action but aligning with British spelling conventions. An example sentence is, "She spilt tea on her dress."
In everyday conversation, an American English speaker might say, "I spilled water on my laptop," indicating a recent accident involving water and a laptop. A British English speaker, using the same context but different regional English, might say, "I spilt water on my laptop." Both sentences indicate the same unfortunate event and are correct within their respective versions of English.
The words "spilled" and "spilt" not only indicate the physical act of a liquid going where it shouldn't but can also be used metaphorically. In American English, one might say, "They spilled their emotions," suggesting a release of pent-up feelings. In British English, the same sentiment might be expressed as, "They spilt their emotions." Despite the regional differences in spelling, the meaning remains consistent.
Ends with "-ed"
Ends with "-t"
Pronounced with a "d" sound
Pronounced with a "t" sound
Context of Use
Used in both formal and informal American English
Used in both formal and informal British English
Consistent with American preference for regular past tense forms
Consistent with British use of historical forms
Spilled and Spilt Definitions
To flow over the edge of a container by accident.
The water spilled over the rim of the glass.
To allow liquid to flow out unintentionally.
She spilt wine on the carpet.
To let liquid fall out of its container accidentally.
I spilled soup on the stove while cooking.
Used to indicate the accidental release or revelation of something.
Secrets were spilt during the heated discussion.
Past tense of "spill," meaning to accidentally pour out liquid.
She spilled coffee on the contract.
Past tense and past participle of "spill" in British English.
He spilt a whole pint of milk.
To cause (liquid) to flow out from somewhere.
They spilled oil into the ocean after the shipwreck.
To cause liquid to overflow from its container.
The milk was spilt all over the floor.
To cause or allow (a substance) to run or fall out of a container.
To reveal information unintentionally.
I spilt the news about their surprise party.
To scatter (objects) from containment
Spilled the armload of books on the desk.
A past tense and a past participle of spill1.
To shed (blood).
That has been spilled.
Don't cry over spilt milk; tears won't put it back in the glass.
To relieve the pressure of wind on (a sail).
Simple past tense and past participle of spill
To cause or allow (wind) to be lost from a sail.
To cause to fall
The rider was spilled by his horse.
(Informal) To disclose (something previously unknown); divulge
The witness spilled all the details about the suspect.
To run or fall out of a container or containment.
To come to the ground suddenly and involuntarily.
To pour out or spread beyond limits
Fans spilled onto the playing field.
The act of spilling.
An amount spilled.
A fall, as from a horse.
Simple past tense and past participle of spill
To disseminate information or secrets carelessly or by mistake.
He spilled all the details about their plans.
Can "spilt" be used in American English?
It's understood but less common than "spilled."
Are "spilled" and "spilt" interchangeable?
Yes, but "spilled" is American English, and "spilt" is British English.
In literature, would a British author use "spilled" or "spilt"?
Typically, "spilt" would be used, following British conventions.
Do "spilled" and "spilt" carry the same meanings?
Yes, both indicate the accidental flow of liquid or revealing information.
Are there any grammatical differences between "spilled" and "spilt"?
No, the difference is primarily regional spelling.
Can "spilled" be used for situations other than liquids?
Yes, it can also refer to revealing secrets or emotions.
Are there regions in the U.S. where "spilt" is more common?
It's generally less common but may appear in literature or historical contexts.
Can "spilt" be used in a formal context?
Yes, in British English both formal and informal contexts use "spilt."
Is there a difference in pronunciation between "spilled" and "spilt"?
Yes, the end sounds are “-d” for "spilled" and “-t” for "spilt."
Would an American dictionary include "spilt"?
Yes, but it would be identified as the British English form.
Does the use of "spilled" over "spilt" in American English have historical reasons?
Partially, American English tends to regularize irregular past tense forms.
Is there any difference in formality between "spilled" and "spilt"?
No, the difference is strictly regional, not about formality.
Is "spilt" commonly used in modern British English?
Yes, it's the standard past tense of "spill" in British English.
How did "spilled" and "spilt" develop differently in American and British English?
It's due to varied spelling conventions and linguistic evolution.
Do British English speakers understand if "spilled" is used instead of "spilt"?
Yes, it's understood as both words are taught and used in media.
Is "spilt" used in Australian and Canadian English?
"Spilt" is common in Australian English, less so in Canadian English.
Is "spilt" considered old-fashioned in American English?
It's less about being old-fashioned and more about regional preference.
Are there idioms where "spilled" and "spilt" are used interchangeably?
Yes, like “don’t cry over spilled/spilt milk.”
In academic writing, should I use "spilled" or "spilt"?
Use "spilled" in American English contexts and "spilt" in British English.
Can "spilt" be seen as a spelling mistake in American English?
Not usually, but "spilled" is the preferred form.
Written bySawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited bySumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.