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Refrence vs. Reference: Mastering the Correct Spelling

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on March 28, 2024
"Refrence" is an incorrect spelling; while "reference" is correct, denoting the act of mentioning or alluding to something for information or evidence.

Which is correct: Refrence or Reference

How to spell Reference?

Refrence is Incorrect

Reference is Correct


Key Differences

Recall that "reference" contains the same "e" pattern in both the first part and the ending.
Create a mnemonic: "Every reference earns respect," emphasizing the "e" in each word.
Break down "reference" into "refer" + "ence," connecting it to the act of referring.
Associate "reference" with "reverence" to remember the importance of the "e."
Practice writing "refer" first, then add "-ence" to solidify the spelling.

Correct usage of Reference

The book includes a refrence to an ancient philosopher.
The book includes a reference to an ancient philosopher.
Please provide a refrence for your claim.
Please provide a reference for your claim.
Can you give me a refrence for further reading?
Can you give me a reference for further reading?

Reference Definitions

The act of consulting or checking something for information.
Quick reference to the manual solved the issue.
A person who recommends another's character or ability.
She listed her teacher as a reference for the scholarship.
A mention or citation of a source of information.
The paper includes several references to recent studies.
A source of information, such as a book or article.
This book is a key reference for medieval history.
The use of a source to substantiate a point.
His argument was supported by reference to historical events.
The act of referring to something
Filed away the article for future reference.

Reference Sentences

You can find a reference to that event in many history books.
The manual serves as a quick reference for troubleshooting.
For further information, please consult the reference section.
He made a reference to a famous quote in his speech.
The encyclopedia is a great reference for general knowledge.
The website is a valuable reference for anyone interested in learning a new language.
In his novel, the author makes reference to a historical event.
Reference books are available in the library for in-depth research.
The reference list at the end of the document was comprehensive.
Use this diagram as a reference for the parts of a cell.
The lecture included a reference to the latest research in the field.
Cross-reference with other articles to ensure accuracy.
The policy document includes reference to the relevant laws.
Reference to pop culture makes the book more relatable to a younger audience.
The glossary at the back of the book is a helpful reference for unfamiliar terms.
The reference desk at the library is staffed with knowledgeable librarians.
She used the map as a reference to navigate through the city.

Reference Idioms & Phrases

Point of reference

Refers to a fact or situation from which something is judged or measured.
The historical event serves as a point of reference for understanding the conflict.

Frame of reference

Means a set of criteria or stated values in relation to which measurements or judgments can be made.
The cultural norms provide a frame of reference for behavior in society.

Reference point

Refers to a basis or standard for evaluation, assessment, or comparison.
The previous sales figures serve as a reference point for the company's performance.

Make reference to

Means to mention or refer to something.
The teacher made reference to several important studies during the lecture.

Reference group

Refers to a group that individuals compare themselves to for the purpose of evaluating their behaviors, attitudes, or beliefs.
Adolescents often use their peers as a reference group.

For future reference

Means to be used or consulted later.
Save this information for future reference.

Without reference to

Refers to not considering or regarding something.
The decision was made without reference to the opposition's concerns.

Reference material

Means any source of information, such as books, articles, or online resources, used to support claims or provide context.
The library has a vast collection of reference material on various subjects.

Reference list

Refers to a list of sources cited in a scholarly work, typically at the end of a paper or book.
Ensure every citation in your text matches up with an entry in your reference list.

In reference to

Refers to concerning or regarding something.
In reference to your question, I will need to check the data.


Refers to a note in a text that directs the reader to another part of the text or to another text for additional information.
The author used a cross-reference to direct readers to related topics.

Reference manual

Means a manual or guidebook that provides detailed information on a specific subject or process.
The software reference manual includes all the commands and their functions.

Reference range

Refers to the range of values that is considered normal for a physiological measurement in healthy individuals.
The lab results should be interpreted within the reference range provided.

Terms of reference

Means the instructions or guidelines given to someone in order to define the scope or limitations of their task or role.
The committee's terms of reference were clearly outlined in the document.

Reference book

Refers to a book, such as a dictionary or encyclopedia, used for finding information.
The dictionary is an essential reference book for writers.

Reference number

Means a unique identifier assigned to a document, transaction, or item for easy retrieval or reference.
Please provide your reference number when inquiring about your application status.

Reference collection

Refers to a collection of reference materials in a library or archive.
The library's reference collection includes the latest editions of all major encyclopedias.

Reference check

Means the process of contacting previous employers, teachers, or other individuals to verify a candidate's qualifications or character.
The final step in the hiring process is a reference check.

Reference interview

Means the process by which a librarian or information professional helps a user define and articulate their information needs.
The reference interview helped clarify what the student was actually searching for.

Reference library

Means a library dedicated to providing reference materials for research and study, without the option to borrow items.
The reference library houses an extensive collection of historical documents.

Reference work

Refers to a work, such as an encyclopedia or dictionary, that provides information on a wide range of subjects or on one particular subject.
The medical reference work is widely used by healthcare professionals.


What is the verb form of reference?

The verb form is "refer."

Why is it called reference?

It's called "reference" because it refers to the act of mentioning or consulting something for information.

What is the plural form of reference?

The plural form is "references."

What is the root word of reference?

The root word is "refer."

Which vowel is used before reference?

The vowel "e" is used before "reference."

Is reference a noun or adjective?

"Reference" is primarily a noun but can function as an adjective in contexts like "reference book."

What is the pronunciation of reference?

Reference is pronounced as /ˈrɛf.ər.əns/.

Which conjunction is used with reference?

Conjunctions like "and" or "or" can be used with "reference."

Which article is used with reference?

The articles "a," "an," or "the" can be used with "reference."

Is reference a negative or positive word?

"Reference" is neutral; its connotation depends on the context.

What is the singular form of reference?

The singular form is "reference."

Is reference a vowel or consonant?

The word "reference" starts with a consonant.

Is reference a collective noun?

No, "reference" is not a collective noun.

Which preposition is used with reference?

The preposition "to" is commonly used with "reference."

How many syllables are in reference?

There are three syllables in "reference."

Is reference an adverb?

No, "reference" is not an adverb.

Is reference an abstract noun?

Yes, "reference" can be considered an abstract noun when it refers to the concept of referring or consulting.

Is the reference term a metaphor?

It can be used metaphorically in some contexts.

Is the word reference imperative?

The word "reference" itself is not imperative; it depends on the sentence construction.

What part of speech is reference?

"Reference" is a noun and can also be used as an adjective.

What is another term for reference?

"Citation" or "source."

What is the opposite of reference?

The opposite could be "misinformation" or "irrelevance," depending on context.

What is the first form of reference?

The first form is "refer," as in the base verb.

What is the second form of reference?

The second form is "referred."

What is the third form of reference?

The third form is "referred."

Is reference a countable noun?

Yes, "reference" is a countable noun when referring to individual items or sources.

Which determiner is used with reference?

Determiners like "the," "a," or "this" can be used with "reference."

How is reference used in a sentence?

"The author added a reference at the end of the chapter to support her claims."

How do we divide reference into syllables?


What is a stressed syllable in reference?

The first syllable, "ref," is stressed.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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