Difference Wiki

Plane vs. Aeroplane: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Updated on November 13, 2023
Plane can refer to a flat surface, a tool for shaping wood, or a shortened form of "airplane/aeroplane." Aeroplane specifically refers to a powered flying vehicle with wings.

Key Differences

Plane has multiple meanings; it can refer to a flat, two-dimensional surface in geometry, a carpenter's tool, or as a colloquial shortening for 'airplane/aeroplane.' Aeroplane is more specific, always referring to an aircraft with wings and a propulsion system.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023
In geometry, plane describes a flat surface extending infinitely in two dimensions. In woodworking, it refers to a tool used to smooth or shape wood. As an abbreviation, it denotes an aircraft. Aeroplane is strictly aviation-related, used to describe a type of aircraft.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023
Plane as an abbreviation for 'airplane/aeroplane' is more common in casual, colloquial speech. Aeroplane is more formal and is specifically used in British English, whereas 'airplane' is the American equivalent.
Huma Saeed
Nov 13, 2023
The word plane in the context of aircraft is a shortened form that evolved for ease of use. Aeroplane comes from 'aero-' meaning air, and '-plane' from the Greek 'planos' meaning wandering or moving, reflecting its ability to traverse the air.
Harlon Moss
Nov 13, 2023
Plane as a short form for 'airplane' is universally understood, while aeroplane is more commonly used in British English, with 'airplane' being the preferred term in American English.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Meaning

Can mean a flat surface, a woodworking tool, or a flying vehicle.
Specifically refers to a powered flying vehicle with wings.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Usage

Multiple contexts, including geometry, carpentry, and aviation.
Strictly aviation-related.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Formality

Can be colloquial (in aviation context) or technical.
More formal and specific to aviation.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Etymology

Varied, depending on the context of use.
Derived from 'aero-' (air) and 'plane' (wandering).
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Regional Preference

'Plane' as an aircraft is universally used; other meanings vary.
More common in British English; 'airplane' in American English.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Plane and Aeroplane Definitions

Plane

A tool used in carpentry for smoothing or shaping wood.
He used a plane to smooth the wooden board.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Aeroplane

A vehicle designed for air travel that has wings and one or more engines.
The aeroplane ascended shortly after takeoff.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Plane

In mathematics, a flat surface extending in height and width but with zero thickness.
Geometric shapes are often drawn on a plane.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 13, 2023

Aeroplane

An aircraft propelled by a jet engine or propeller.
She always wanted to pilot an aeroplane.
Harlon Moss
Nov 13, 2023

Plane

A level of existence, thought, or development.
The discussion moved onto a different intellectual plane.
Janet White
Nov 13, 2023

Aeroplane

A machine capable of atmospheric flight due to its wing structure.
The museum exhibits various models of early aeroplanes.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Plane

A flat surface with no thickness and extending infinitely in two dimensions.
The table's surface is a perfect plane.
Huma Saeed
Nov 13, 2023

Aeroplane

In British English, the standard term for what Americans call an airplane.
The aeroplane is an essential mode of international transportation.
Harlon Moss
Nov 13, 2023

Plane

A colloquial term for an aircraft.
We took a plane to New York.
Harlon Moss
Nov 13, 2023

Aeroplane

A powered flying vehicle with fixed wings and a weight greater than that of the air it displaces.
The aeroplane flew smoothly across the sky.
Huma Saeed
Nov 13, 2023

Plane

(Mathematics) A surface containing all the straight lines that connect any two points on it.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

Variant of airplane.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Plane

A flat or level surface.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

A powered heavier-than-air aircraft with fixed wings.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Plane

A level of development, existence, or achievement
Scholarship on a high plane.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

An airfoil.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

Any of various nymphalid butterflies, of various genera, having a slow gliding flight. Also called planes.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

(intransitive) To fly in an aeroplane.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

(transitive) To transport by aeroplane.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

A light rigid plane used in aërial navigation to oppose sudden upward or downward movement in the air, as in gliding machines; specif., such a plane slightly inclined and driven forward as a lifting device in some flying machines. Also called airfoil.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

Hence, a heavier-than-air flying machine using such a device to provide lift. In a modern aeroplane, the airfoils are called the wings, and most of the lift is derived from these surfaces. In contrast to helicopters, the wings are fixed to the passenger compartment (airframe) and do not move relative to the frame; thus such a machine is called a fixed-wing aircraft. These machines are called monoplanes, biplanes, triplanes, or quadruplanes, according to the number of main supporting planes (wings) used in their construction. After 1940 few planes with more than one airfoil were constructed, and these are used by hobbyists or for special purposes. Being heavier than air they depend for their levitation on motion imparted by the thrust from either propellers driven by an engine, or, in a jet plane, by the reaction from a high-velocity stream of gases expelled rearward from a jet engine. They start from the ground by a run on small wheels or runners, and are guided by a steering apparatus consisting of horizontal and vertical movable planes, which usually form part of the wings or tail. There are many varieties of form and construction, which in some cases are known by the names of their inventors. In U.S., an aeroplane is usually called an airplane or plane.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

Aeroplane

An aircraft that has a fixed wing and is powered by propellers or jets;
The flight was delayed due to trouble with the airplane
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 11, 2023

FAQs

Can 'aeroplane' mean anything other than an aircraft?

No, it specifically refers to a type of aircraft.
Huma Saeed
Nov 13, 2023

Are 'plane' and 'aeroplane' interchangeable in aviation?

In casual speech, yes, but 'aeroplane' is more specific.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Do 'plane' and 'aeroplane' have different etymologies?

Yes, 'plane' has multiple origins; 'aeroplane' is aviation-specific.
Janet White
Nov 13, 2023

Is 'plane' used in formal aviation language?

It's more casual; 'airplane' or 'aeroplane' is formal.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Can 'plane' refer to a level of existence?

Yes, but not in the context of aviation.
Janet White
Nov 13, 2023

Is 'plane' a technical term in aviation?

It's more colloquial than technical.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Is 'plane' always short for 'airplane'?

Not always; it depends on the context (e.g., geometry, carpentry).
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Is 'aeroplane' a modern term?

Yes, it's related to 20th-century aviation.
Janet White
Nov 13, 2023

Can a 'plane' in geometry fly?

No, in geometry, it refers to a flat surface.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Is 'aeroplane' used in American English?

Less commonly; 'airplane' is the preferred term.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Do 'plane' and 'aeroplane' have different origins?

Yes, based on their varied meanings.
Harlon Moss
Nov 13, 2023

Do all planes have wings?

As aircraft, yes; in other contexts, no.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 13, 2023

Are 'plane' and 'aeroplane' used in science?

'Plane' in various sciences, 'aeroplane' in aviation.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 13, 2023

Do carpenters use an 'aeroplane'?

No, they use a 'plane' as a tool.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Can 'aeroplane' refer to a private jet?

Yes, as it's a type of aircraft.
Janet White
Nov 13, 2023

Is 'plane' used in mathematics?

Yes, to describe a two-dimensional surface.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Can 'aeroplane' be used metaphorically?

Rarely; it's usually literal.
Harlon Moss
Nov 13, 2023

Are there different types of 'planes'?

Yes, in various contexts (e.g., tools, surfaces).
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Is 'plane' ever used in British English for aircraft?

Yes, but 'aeroplane' is more common.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 13, 2023

Do 'plane' and 'aeroplane' have the same plural form?

Yes, 'planes' and 'aeroplanes' respectively.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 13, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons