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Parliament vs. Cabinet: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Updated on October 3, 2023
Parliament is a legislative body that makes laws, while the cabinet is a group of senior government officials, typically ministers, chosen by the head of state or prime minister.

Key Differences

Parliament is a representative body, often bicameral, where elected members debate and pass laws. In contrast, the cabinet comprises senior government officials who are responsible for specific governmental departments.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023
Members of parliament (MPs) are typically chosen by the public in democratic elections. The cabinet, on the other hand, is usually appointed by the prime minister or president and is responsible for implementing and formulating policy decisions.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023
Parliament exercises oversight on the executive branch, including the cabinet, holding them accountable for their decisions and actions. The cabinet, while it might propose or suggest legislation, needs the approval of parliament to enact most laws.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023
Decisions in parliament are made collectively, with representatives from various political parties contributing to discussions and voting on laws. Cabinet decisions, however, are typically made within the ruling party or coalition, focusing on executive policy-making and administration.
Harlon Moss
Oct 03, 2023
While both parliament and cabinet play crucial roles in governance, their functions are distinct. Parliament is primarily legislative and supervisory, while the cabinet is executive and administrative.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Composition

Elected members
Appointed senior government officials
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

Primary Role

Law-making
Policy-making and administration
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

Accountability

To the electorate
To the parliament and head of state/prime minister
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

Decision-making

Collectively, with members from various parties
Typically within the ruling party or coalition
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

Origin

Derived from democratic elections
Chosen by the head of state or prime minister
Sara Rehman
Oct 03, 2023
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Parliament and Cabinet Definitions

Parliament

A place where political discussions and decisions occur.
Protests were held outside the parliament building.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023

Cabinet

A group of senior government officials leading departments.
The president announced his new cabinet yesterday.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023

Parliament

A legislative assembly in certain countries.
The parliament passed the bill unanimously.
Harlon Moss
Oct 03, 2023

Cabinet

Can propose legislation to the parliament.
The cabinet proposed a bill to reform the healthcare system.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023

Parliament

A body of representatives who make laws.
The budget will be presented to the parliament next week.
Sara Rehman
Oct 03, 2023
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Cabinet

Advisors to the head of state or prime minister.
The cabinet met to discuss the economic crisis.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023

Parliament

Often a bicameral institution with elected members.
The lower house of the parliament debated the proposal for hours.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023

Cabinet

Typically consists of ministers with specific portfolios.
The health minister updated the cabinet on the pandemic situation.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 03, 2023

Parliament

An entity holding the government accountable.
The opposition in the parliament demanded answers from the prime minister.
Sara Rehman
Oct 03, 2023

Cabinet

Involved in policy-making and administration.
The cabinet approved the new policy on education.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 03, 2023

Parliament

A representative body having supreme legislative powers within a state or multinational organization.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 20, 2016

Cabinet

An upright, cupboardlike repository with shelves, drawers, or compartments for the safekeeping or display of objects.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 20, 2016

Parliament

Parliament The national legislature of the United Kingdom, made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 20, 2016

Cabinet

(Computers) The box that houses the main components of a computer, such as the central processing unit, disk drives, and expansion slots.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 20, 2016

Parliament

A formal council summoned (especially by a monarch) to discuss important issues.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 20, 2016

Cabinet

Often Cabinet A body of persons appointed by a head of state or a prime minister to head the executive departments of the government and to act as official advisers.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 20, 2016

Parliament

In many countries, the legislative branch of government, a deliberative assembly or set of assemblies whose elected or appointed members meet to debate the major political issues of the day, make, amend, and repeal laws, authorize the executive branch of government to spend money, and in some cases exercise judicial powers; a legislature.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 20, 2016

FAQs

Which body represents the people directly?

Parliament, as its members are usually directly elected by the people.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

How are cabinet members chosen?

Cabinet members are typically appointed by the head of state or prime minister.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 03, 2023

Do cabinet members belong to parliament?

In many systems, yes, cabinet members are often members of parliament.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

Can someone be a member of both the parliament and cabinet?

In many parliamentary systems, yes, a member of parliament can also be a cabinet minister.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 03, 2023

Can the cabinet introduce new taxes?

While the cabinet can propose new taxes, they typically need the approval of parliament to be enacted.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 03, 2023

Are cabinet meetings public?

Typically, cabinet meetings are private, but decisions or summaries might be made public.
Harlon Moss
Oct 03, 2023

Who selects the topics for cabinet discussions?

The head of the cabinet, usually the prime minister or president, often sets the agenda.
Harlon Moss
Oct 03, 2023

Can parliament override cabinet decisions?

Parliament can exercise oversight and potentially overturn some decisions or policies.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

How are laws passed in parliament?

Laws are proposed as bills, debated, possibly amended, and then voted on in parliament.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 03, 2023

How are conflicts between parliament and cabinet resolved?

Through negotiations, political processes, or in some cases, intervention by the head of state.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 03, 2023

Who has the final say on national budget approval, parliament or cabinet?

Parliament typically has the final say on budgetary matters.
Harlon Moss
Oct 03, 2023

Is parliament responsible for executing laws?

No, parliament makes laws; the cabinet, as part of the executive branch, executes them.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

How often does parliament meet?

It varies by country, but parliament typically has regular sessions throughout the year.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

Is the cabinet's role the same in all countries?

The role can vary based on the specific governmental system and constitution of a country.
Harlon Moss
Oct 03, 2023

What happens if parliament doesn't approve a cabinet proposal?

The proposal may be amended, withdrawn, or could lead to political consequences.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 03, 2023

Who can dissolve parliament?

Often, the head of state can dissolve parliament, sometimes on the advice of the prime minister.
Sumera Saeed
Oct 03, 2023

Can members of the public attend parliamentary sessions?

In many democracies, public galleries allow citizens to watch parliamentary proceedings.
Sara Rehman
Oct 03, 2023

What is a shadow cabinet?

A shadow cabinet is a group from the opposition party, mirroring and critiquing the official cabinet's roles.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 03, 2023

Who heads the cabinet?

Typically, the prime minister or president heads the cabinet.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023

How long is a parliamentary term?

It varies by country, but often ranges from 4 to 5 years.
Janet White
Oct 03, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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