Difference Between Parliament and Cabinet

Primary Difference

Different forms of government exist which are followed by separate countries to run their matters and every way of running the country has its advantages of disadvantages. There is always an argument made on which one can be better than the other based on certain set of topics but there can be no winner. Parliamentary form of government is the most famous one and is being used by most countries over the world because it allows the public representatives to play an important role in legislation. It also it a system where power is divided between different segments and there is no one source of power, therefore ending any kind of dictatorship. A parliamentary form of government contains a parliament and a cabinet. These should not be confused with each other and are very different from each other. This article will look at what are the differences. In simple words, people who are elected by voting from a particular area become the members of parliament which have different constituencies from which a representative comes in and plays its role towards the betterment of the area. Cabinet, on the other hand, is a little bit more complicated. People who become member parliament select a leader which takes the seat of prime minister, this person then selects a group of people from within the members to form a cabinet which looks at day to day matter for the country and makes decisions by becoming ministers of state. This helps us to identify another difference, which is that a parliament is a bigger set of people while a cabinet is a smaller group of people. The main role of parliamentarians is to make sure the good of their area and problems of local people are solved and legislations can be done. The role of cabinet ministers is that they have to implement the legislation’s made and work under the guidance of the PM and run the daily matters of the ministry. It can be said that a parliamentarian is free to say and do things they deem better while a minister from the cabinet always has to speak in accordance with the government policy. Parliament itself consist of two entities, the house of representatives and the senate while the cabinet is a collection of people from these two houses who work for the government. There are many other differences too which will be explained at the end while a brief description of two types is given in the next two paragraphs.

Comparison Chart

ParliamentCabinet
DefinitionIt is a group of people who are elected by the general public for solving their issues.It is a group of people selected by the prime minister to run the day to day business of the government.
Elected MemberA person who is elected to become a parliamentarian is known as a member of parliament.A person who becomes part of the cabinet is known as a minister.
TermA parliamentarian completes their whole term for which they are elected.A minister can be removed from the post on the orders of the head of state.
MattersA parliamentarian deals with the local issues.A minister deals with the local as well as international developments.

Definition of Cabinet

This is a group of people who are highly ranked among the current officials who have been elected by parliament. In most countries, they are known as ministers but in some cases, they can also be called secretaries. They are appointed by the Prime Minister at that time, who has the authority to appoint personals that will help in running the state affairs. They are given different ministries who have the task to look at the domestic as well as international issues. They are given specific grants which can be spent in different areas such as education, defense, and security. The British system is the best example of the cabinet where 21 ministers are appointed by the prime minister, who is elected by the parliament after they have been selected by general polls. Their main jobs include implementing the policies which have been made by the parliament and to create opportunities for people who work according to the laws and regulations of the ministry. It is lesser in size as compared to the parliament or even senate.

Definition of Parliament

The best way to explain a parliament is that when general elections take place, people from different areas stand and participate in general polling if people give them the right to lead they enter the parliament as parliamentarians where they have the job to look after the well-being of people from where they were selected. They also have the job of making such laws and legislations which are beneficial for the people. They do not have a big role on the international front but have the power to run all the local policies. It is from the parliament that cabinet can be created, and the prime minister is also selected by the voting of these people. Parliament is also known as the house of representatives in some countries based on the fact that they represent the people. It is also larger in number than the cabinet and the biggest entity which helps in running the country.

Differences in a Nutshell

  1. A parliament is a group of people who are elected by the general public for solving their issues while a cabinet is a group of people selected by the prime minister to run the day to day business of the government.
  2. A person who is elected to become a parliamentarian is known as a member of parliament while a person who becomes part of the cabinet is known as a minister.
  3. A parliamentarian completes their whole term for which they are elected while a minister can be removed from the post on the orders of the head of state.
  4. A parliament consists of a house of representatives and senate while cabinet has members of parliament on different posts.
  5. The size of parliament is several times bigger than the size of the cabinet.
  6. A cabinet member has more power than a parliamentarian.
  7. A parliamentarian deals with the local issues while a minister deals with the local as well as international developments.

Comparison Video

YouTube video

Conclusion

There are different entities in a government and each one of them has its pros and cons. This article looks at the specification of the two main types Parliament and Cabinet and gives a clear understanding of them. Hopefully it will help people in getting a better understanding and clearing the confusions that may arise while researching about them.

Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss

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