Over vs. Roger: What's the Difference?
"Over" in radio communication means "I have finished speaking," while "Roger" means "I have received your message."
"Over" is used in radio communications to indicate that the speaker has finished their transmission and is awaiting a reply. It's a procedural word to facilitate clear and efficient communication, particularly where there might be a delay or where only one party can transmit at a time due to the limitations of the communication channel. "Roger" is also a procedural word in radio communication, but it has a different purpose. It's used to confirm that a message has been received and understood. Unlike "over," it does not necessarily imply that the speaker is expecting a reply.
In the context of military and aviation, "over" is integral to ensuring that transmissions are succinct and that the airwaves remain clear for other users. The term helps to prevent confusion about whether a transmission has been completed, especially in situations where communication may be disrupted or noisy. "Roger," meanwhile, is equally important in these contexts, providing confirmation that critical information has been received — it's about clarity and confirmation, rather than the continuation of communication signaled by "over."
When considering the etymology, "over" is a simple term that has been in use for a long time in English, and its meaning in radio contexts is directly related to its usual meaning of "finished" or "concluded." On the other hand, "Roger" comes from the days when the phonetic alphabet used "Roger" for the letter "R," which stood for "received." Although the phonetic alphabet has changed — "R" is now "Romeo" — "Roger" has stuck as a term meaning "received and understood."
In everyday usage outside of radio communication, "over" has various meanings, ranging from spatial relations to conditions being concluded. It's a versatile word that appears in numerous contexts. "Roger" is less versatile; outside of radio communication, it's primarily recognized as a first name, and its use as a term of affirmation is almost entirely restricted to radio communications and settings influenced by this usage, such as military-themed movies.
Culturally, "over" and "Roger" are part of a jargon that represents a larger system of communication discipline, necessary for professions requiring precision and reliability in their transmissions. They contribute to an image of professionalism and efficiency in these fields. Their presence in popular media has also led to them being recognized even by those outside these professions, symbolizing clear, authoritative communication.
Procedural term in communication
Procedural term in communication
Signifies the end of a transmission
Confirms receipt of a message
Radio, telecommunication, aviation
Preposition, adverb, adjective
Over and Roger Definitions
At a higher level or layer than.
The bridge went over the river.
A male given name.
Roger is coming to the party as well.
In radio communication, signaling the end of a transmission and awaiting a response.
We'll arrive at 1800 hours, over.
In historical context, the former phonetic term for the letter "R."
Message received, Roger.
In excess or surplus.
She has over a thousand followers.
An affirmative response.
So, you'll meet us there? Roger.
In or at a position above or higher than
A sign over the door.
A hawk gliding over the hills.
Used in radio communication to mean "received and understood."
Roger that, proceeding to the next checkpoint.
Above and across from one end or side to the other
A jump over the fence.
Used especially in radio communications to indicate receipt of a message.
To the other side of; across
Strolled over the bridge.
To have sexual intercourse with (a woman). Used of a man.
Across the edge of and down
Fell over the cliff.
(radio telecommunications) Received used in radio communications to acknowledge that a message has been received and understood
On the other side of
A village over the border.
To acknowledge by saying "roger".
Upon the surface of
Put a coat of varnish over the woodwork.
(transitive) Of a man, to have sexual intercourse with (someone), especially in a rough manner.
On top of or down upon
Clubbed him over the head.
Tripped over the toys.
(intransitive) To have sexual intercourse.
Through the extent of; all through
Walked over the grounds.
Looked over the report.
An act of sexual intercourse.
Through the medium of; via
Addressed us over the loudspeaker.
Can't tell you over the phone.
A black flag with white skull and crossbones, formerly used by pirates; - called also Jolly Roger and pirate flag.
So as to cover
Put rocks over a cave entrance.
Threw a shawl over her shoulders.
An informal way to express agreement or acknowledgment.
Make sure to bring all the documents. Roger.
Up to or higher than the level or height of
The water was over my shoulders.
Through the period or duration of
Records maintained over two years.
Until or beyond the end of
Stayed over the holidays.
More than in degree, quantity, or extent
Over ten miles.
Over a thousand dollars.
In superiority to
Won a narrow victory over her rival.
A distinct advantage over our competitors.
In preference to
Selected him over all the others.
In a position to rule or control
The director presides over the meeting. There is no one over him in the department.
So as to have an effect or influence on
The change that came over you.
At a point at which one is no longer troubled by
I'm not quite over the cold I caught last week.
While occupied with or engaged in
A chat over coffee.
With reference to; concerning
An argument over methods.
Above the top or surface
Climbed the ladder and peered over.
Across to another or opposite side
Stopped at the curb, then crossed over.
Across the edge, brink, or brim
The coffee spilled over.
Across an intervening space
Throw the ball over.
Across a distance in a particular direction or at a location
Lives over in England.
To another often specified place or position
Move your chair over toward the fire.
To one's place of residence or business
Invited us over for cocktails.
Throughout an entire area or region
Wandered all over.
To a different opinion or allegiance
Win someone over.
So as to be comprehensible, acceptable, or effective; across
Eventually got my point over.
To a different person, condition, or title
Sign the property over.
So as to be completely enclosed or covered
The river froze over. Engineers sealed the tunnel entrance over.
Completely through; from beginning to end
Think the problem over. Let's read the memo over.
From an upright position
Kicked the bookstand over.
From an upward position to an inverted or reversed position
Turn the paper over.
Another time; again
Counted his cards over.
Had to do it over.
Made me write it ten times over.
In addition or excess; in surplus
Lots of food left over.
Beyond or until a specified time
Stay a day over.
At an end
Summer is over.
A series of six balls bowled from one end of a cricket pitch.
To jump over
Horse and rider overed the stile with ease.
Used in two-way radio to indicate that a transmission is complete and a reply is awaited.
Discontinued; ended or concluded.
The show is over.
Thoroughly; completely; from beginning to end.
Let's talk over the project at tomorrow's meeting.
Let me think that over.
I'm going to look over our department's expenses.
(often in compounds) To an excessive degree; overly.
From an upright position to a horizontal one.
He tipped the bottle over, and the water came gushing out.
That building just fell over!
He bent over to touch his toes.
Horizontally; left to right or right to left.
Slide the toilet-paper dispenser's door over when one roll is empty in order to reveal the other.
I moved over to make room for him to sit down.
From one side of something to another, passing above it.
The fence is too high. I don't think I'll be able to get over.
From one position or state to another.
Please pass that over to me.
He came over to our way of thinking on the new project.
Come over and play!
I'll bring over a pizza.
Overnight throughout the night.
We stayed over at Grandma's.
Can I sleep over?
Again; another time; once more; over again.
I lost my paper and I had to do the entire assignment over.
(cricket) A set of six legal balls bowled.
Any surplus amount of money, goods delivered, etc.
A shore, riverbank.
The sea's over.
Expressing spatial relationship.
On top of; above; higher than; further up.
Hold the sign up over your head.
Across or spanning.
There is a bridge over the river.
I looked out over the sea.
In such a way as to cover.
Drape the fabric over the table.
There is a roof over the house.
From one physical position to another via an obstacle that must be traversed vertically, first upwards and then downwards.
The dog jumped over the fence.
I'll go over [the fence] first and then help you.
Let's walk over the hill to get there.
More than; to a greater degree.
I prefer the purple over the pink.
Beyond; past; exceeding; too much or too far.
I think I’m over my limit for calories for today.
(in certain collocations) As compared to.
Sales are down this quarter over last.
Indicating relative status, authority, or power
The owner's son lorded it over the experienced managers.
The prince ruled over a portion of the kingdom.
(mathematics) Divided by.
Two over six equals one over three.
(poker) Separates the three of a kind from the pair in a full house.
9♦9♠9♣6♥6♠ = nines over sixes
Finished with; done with; from one state to another via a hindrance that must be solved or defeated; or via a third state that represents a significant difference from the first two.
We got over the engineering problems and the prototype works great.
I am over my cold and feel great again.
I know the referee made a bad call, but you have to get over it [your annoyance with the referee's decision].
She is finally over [the distress of] losing her job.
He is finally over his [distress over the loss of the relationship with his] ex-girlfriend.
While using, especially while consuming.
Concerning or regarding.
The two boys had a fight over whose girlfriend was the best.
Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding.
We triumphed over difficulties.
The bill was passed over the veto.
It was a fine victory over their opponents.
A radio procedure word meaning that the station is finished with its transmission and is expecting a response.
Bravo Six, this is Bravo Six Four. Stand by for ten mike report one dash three, over.
Bravo Six Four, this is Bravo Six Actual. Send your traffic, over.
How do you receive? Over!
To go over, or jump over.
He overed the fence in good style.
To run about.
The cattle have been overing all day because of the flies.
Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea of covering; - opposed to under; as, clouds are over our heads; the smoke rises over the city.
The mercy seat that is over the testimony.
Over them gleamed far off the crimson banners of morning.
Across; from side to side of; - implying a passing or moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it; as, a dog leaps over a stream or a table.
Certain lakes . . . poison birds which fly over them.
Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither upon; throughout the whole extent of; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.
Above; - implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition, or value; as, the advantages which the Christian world has over the heathen.
Above in authority or station; - implying government, direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; - opposed to under.
Thou shalt be over my house.
I will make thee rules over many things.
Dost thou not watch over my sin ?
His tender mercies are over all his works.
Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of; as, to keep anything over night; to keep corn over winter.
Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea of measurement; as, the water, or the depth of water, was over his head, over his shoes.
Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than; as, it cost over five dollars.
Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding; as, he triumphed over difficulties; the bill was passed over the veto.
From one side to another; from side to side; across; crosswise; as, a board, or a tree, a foot over, i. e., a foot in diameter.
From one person or place to another regarded as on the opposite side of a space or barrier; - used with verbs of motion; as, to sail over to England; to hand over the money; to go over to the enemy.
From beginning to end; throughout the course, extent, or expanse of anything; as, to look over accounts, or a stock of goods; a dress covered over with jewels.
From inside to outside, above or across the brim.
Good measure, pressed down . . . and running over.
Beyond a limit; hence, in excessive degree or quantity; superfluously; with repetition; as, to do the whole work over.
He that gathered much had nothing over.
In a manner to bring the under side to or towards the top; as, to turn (one's self) over; to roll a stone over; to turn over the leaves; to tip over a cart.
Completed; at an end; beyond the limit of continuance; finished; as, when will the play be over?.
Excessively; too much or too greatly; - chiefly used in composition; as, overwork, overhasty, overeager, overanxious, overreact, overcook.
Upper; covering; higher; superior; - chiefly used in composition; as, overshoes, overcoat, over-garment, overlord.
Excessive; too much or too great; - chiefly used in composition; as, overwork, overhaste, overreaction.
A certain number of balls (usually four) delivered successively from behind one wicket, after which the ball is bowled from behind the other wicket as many times, the fielders changing places.
(cricket) the period during which a given number of balls (6 in England but 8 in Australia) are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
Having come or been brought to a conclusion;
The harvesting was complete
The affair is over, ended, finished
The abruptly terminated interview
At or to a point across intervening space etc.;
Come over and see us some time
Throughout an area;
He is known the world over
In such a manner as to be understood and accepted;
She cannot get her ideas across
Throughout a period of time;
Stay over the weekend
Beyond a certain limit or boundary.
He worked over 40 hours this week.
Finished; done; ended.
The game is over.
Can "over" indicate spatial relationships?
Yes, it's often used to indicate something is above or on top of something else.
Is "Roger" used in everyday conversation?
Not commonly, it's primarily used in radio communication and related contexts.
What's the origin of "Roger" in radio communication?
It comes from the phonetic alphabet where "Roger" represented "R" for "received."
Does "Roger" have meanings other than in communication?
Aside from being a name, its use is largely restricted to representing receipt and understanding in communication.
Does "over" always require a response?
In radio communication, it typically implies awaiting a response.
Does "over" have a synonymous term in radio communication?
Not precisely, as it specifically denotes the end of a transmission while awaiting a response.
Is "Roger" still part of the current phonetic alphabet?
No, "Romeo" has replaced "Roger" for "R."
Can "over" be used outside of radio communication?
Yes, "over" has various uses in English, such as indicating position or that something is finished.
Is "over" used in military communication?
Yes, it's a standard part of procedure in military radio communication.
What's the antonym of "over" in spatial contexts?
It's typically "under."
Is "Roger" a global standard in radio communication?
It's widely recognized, but specific protocols may vary internationally.
Can "over" imply repetition?
Yes, such as in phrases like "over and over again."
Is "Roger" unique to English?
It's most common in English-speaking contexts but known globally due to media.
Can "Roger" be considered informal?
In radio communication, it's standard, but its use outside this context can be seen as informal or jargon.
Is "Roger" used in aviation?
Yes, it's standard terminology in aviation communication.
How does "over" function grammatically?
It can be a preposition, adverb, or adjective depending on its context.
Can "over" indicate control or superiority?
Yes, as in "She presides over the committee."
Does "Roger" imply compliance?
It indicates receipt and understanding, but not necessarily agreement or compliance.
Is "Roger" interchangeable with "copy"?
They're similar, but "copy" can imply the message was received but not necessarily understood.
What's the difference between "over" and "above"?
"Over" often implies movement, while "above" generally indicates a fixed position.
Written bySawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited bySumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.