# Number vs. Numeral: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Updated on October 7, 2023
A "Number" is a mathematical object used to count, measure, and label; a "Numeral" is a symbol or word used to represent a number.

## Key Differences

"Number" and "Numeral" are two concepts that often create confusion. A number is an abstract concept used to describe quantity, order, and other mathematical concepts. It is a mathematical object used for counting, measuring, and labeling. On the other hand, a numeral is a term used to describe the symbols or words that represent numbers. It is the written or printed symbol used to express the number in its numerical form.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023
Delving deeper into "Number," it serves as the fundamental building block of mathematics. Numbers allow us to understand quantities, perform calculations, and solve problems. They exist independently of their representations and can be depicted using various numeral systems, such as Roman or Arabic numerals. In contrast, a numeral acts as the written manifestation of the abstract concept of a number. Numerals are what we write or print to denote numbers; they represent the tangible form of numbers.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023
In mathematical expressions, the term "Number" denotes the value or quantity itself, which can be real, imaginary, rational, or irrational. It is an integral part of mathematical equations and theories. Conversely, "Numeral" is associated with the notation of numbers. It is the way we encode numbers using a consistent set of symbols or words, such as "three" or "3," which facilitates written communication about numbers.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023
In everyday usage, people often use "Number" to refer to the concept of quantity, order, or value. For example, the number of apples, the number of students, etc. Here, "Number" reflects the amount or the value of something. Meanwhile, "Numeral" comes into play when we write or print those numbers. The numerals are the representations, the notations that allow people to understand, share, and use the concept of numbers in a coherent way.
Janet White
Sep 27, 2023

## Comparison Chart

Abstract concept
Symbol or word
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Sep 27, 2023

### Represents

Quantity, value, or order
A number
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Sep 27, 2023

### Role

Fundamental in mathematics
Provides a way to write or print numbers
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Sep 27, 2023

### Usage

Used to describe quantity and perform calculations
Used to express numbers in written form
Janet White
Sep 27, 2023

### Dependency

Exists independently of representation
Depends on numbers for representation
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

## Number and Numeral Definitions

#### Number

An abstract concept representing a quantity.
The number of attendees was higher than expected.
Aimie Carlson
Sep 27, 2023

#### Numeral

The written form of a number.
In Arabic numerals, 7 is a numeral representing seven.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Number

A designated numerical place in a sequence.
She finished the race in number three position.
Sara Rehman
Sep 27, 2023

#### Numeral

The representation of numbers using consistent symbols or words.
The numeral for four can be written as IV in Roman numerals.
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Sep 27, 2023

#### Number

A member of the set of positive integers; one of a series of symbols of unique meaning in a fixed order that can be derived by counting.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A symbol or mark used to represent a number.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A member of any of the following sets of mathematical objects
Integers, rational numbers, real numbers, and complex numbers. These sets can be derived from the positive integers through various algebraic and analytic constructions.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

Of, relating to, or representing numbers.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Numbers Arithmetic.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A symbol that is not a word and represents a number, such as the Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3 and the Roman numerals I, V, X, L.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A symbol or word used to represent a number.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A representation of a number composed of such symbols.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A numeral or a series of numerals used for reference or identification
His telephone number.
The apartment number.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

(linguistics) A number word, a simple or compound word for a number often having particular grammatical attributes depending on the language.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A position in an ordered sequence that corresponds to one of the positive integers
The house that is number three from the corner.
Ranked number six in her class.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

(card games) A card whose rank is a number (usually including the ace as 1).
Jacks, queens, and kings are not numerals.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

One item in a group or series considered to be in numerical order
An old number of a magazine.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

Of or relating to numbers; numerical.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A total; a sum
The number of feet in a mile.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

Of or pertaining to number; consisting of number or numerals.
A long train of numeral progressions.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

An indefinite quantity of units or individuals
The crowd was small in number. A number of people complained.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

Expressing number; representing number; as, numeral letters or characters, as X or 10 for ten.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A large quantity; a multitude
Numbers of people visited the fair.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A figure or character used to express a number; as, the Arabic numerals, 1, 2, 3, etc.; the Roman numerals, I, V, X, L, etc.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Numerical superiority
The South had leaders, the North numbers.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A word expressing a number.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(Grammar) The indication, as by inflection, of the singularity, duality, or plurality of a linguistic form.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A symbol used to represent a number;
He learned to write the numerals before he went to school
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Metrical feet or lines; verses
"These numbers will I tear, and write in prose" (Shakespeare).
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

Of or relating to or denoting numbers;
Numerical analysis
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(Obsolete) Poetic meter.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A symbol or word that represents a number.
In Roman numerals, the numeral X represents ten.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Number

Numbers(Archaic) Musical periods or measures.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A written or printed character denoting a number.
The numeral 5 is written as V in Roman notation.
Aimie Carlson
Sep 27, 2023

#### Number

Numbers (used with a sing. or pl. verb) Games A numbers game.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Numeral

A figure, symbol, or group of these, expressing a number.
The numeral “100” represents one hundred.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Number

Numbers (used with a sing. verb) See Table at Bible.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

One of the separate offerings in a program of music or other entertainment
The band's second number was a march.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(Slang) A frequently repeated, characteristic speech, argument, or performance
Suspects doing their usual number—protesting innocence.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(Slang) A person or thing singled out for a particular characteristic
A crafty number.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To assign a number to or mark with a number
Did you number the pages of the report?.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To determine the number or amount of; count
Tickets sold for the show were numbered at 500.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To total in number or amount; add up to
The ships in the harbor number around 100.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To include in a group or category
He was numbered among the lost.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To limit or restrict in number
Our days are numbered.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To call off numbers; count
Numbering to ten.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To have as a total; amount to a number
The applicants numbered in the thousands.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(countable) An abstract entity used to describe quantity.
Zero, one, −1, 2.5, and pi are all numbers.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(countable) A numeral: a symbol for a non-negative integer.
The number 8 is usually made with a single stroke.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

An element of one of several sets: natural numbers, integers, rational numbers, real numbers, complex numbers, and sometimes extensions such as hypercomplex numbers, etc.
The equation $e^\left\{i\pi\right\}+1=0$ includes the most important numbers: 1, 0, $\pi$, $i$, and $e$.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(Followed by a numeral; used attributively) Indicating the position of something in a list or sequence. Abbreviations: No or No., no or no. (in each case, sometimes written with a superscript "o", like Nº or №). The symbol "#" is also used in this manner.
Horse number 5 won the race.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Quantity.
Any number of people can be reading from a given repository at a time.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A sequence of digits and letters used to register people, automobiles, and various other items.
Her passport number is C01X864TN.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A telephone number.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(grammar) Of a word or phrase, the state of being singular, dual or plural, shown by inflection.
Adjectives and nouns should agree in gender, number, and case.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Poetic metres; verses, rhymes.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(countable) A performance; especially, a single song or song and dance routine within a larger show.
For his second number, he sang "The Moon Shines Bright".
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Mar 07, 2023

A person.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

An item of clothing, particularly a stylish one.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A marijuana cigarette, or joint; also, a quantity of marijuana bought from a dealer.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(dated) An issue of a periodical publication.
The latest number of a magazine
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A large amount, in contrast to a smaller amount; numerical preponderance.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A large amount of damage
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(transitive) To label (items) with numbers; to assign numbers to (items).
Number the baskets so that we can find them easily.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

(intransitive) To total or count; to amount to.
I don’t know how many books are in the library, but they must number in the thousands.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

That which admits of being counted or reckoned; a unit, or an aggregate of units; a numerable aggregate or collection of individuals; an assemblage made up of distinct things expressible by figures.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A collection of many individuals; a numerous assemblage; a multitude; many.
Ladies are always of great use to the party they espouse, and never fail to win over numbers.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A numeral; a word or character denoting a number; as, to put a number on a door.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Numerousness; multitude.
Number itself importeth not much in armies where the people are of weak courage.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

The state or quality of being numerable or countable.
Of whom came nations, tribes, people, and kindreds out of number.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Quantity, regarded as made up of an aggregate of separate things.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

That which is regulated by count; poetic measure, as divisions of time or number of syllables; hence, poetry, verse; - chiefly used in the plural.
I lisped in numbers, for the numbers came.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

The distinction of objects, as one, or more than one (in some languages, as one, or two, or more than two), expressed (usually) by a difference in the form of a word; thus, the singular number and the plural number are the names of the forms of a word indicating the objects denoted or referred to by the word as one, or as more than one.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

The measure of the relation between quantities or things of the same kind; that abstract species of quantity which is capable of being expressed by figures; numerical value.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To count; to reckon; to ascertain the units of; to enumerate.
If a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To reckon as one of a collection or multitude.
He was numbered with the transgressors.
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To give or apply a number or numbers to; to assign the place of in a series by order of number; to designate the place of by a number or numeral; as, to number the houses in a street, or the apartments in a building.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

To amount; to equal in number; to contain; to consist of; as, the army numbers fifty thousand.
Thy tears can not number the dead.
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

The property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals;
He had a number of chores to do
The number of parameters is small
The figure was about a thousand
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A concept of quantity derived from zero and units;
Every number has a unique position in the sequence
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program;
He did his act three times every evening
She had a catchy little routine
It was one of the best numbers he ever did
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification;
She refused to give them her Social Security number
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

The number is used in calling a particular telephone;
He has an unlisted number
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A symbol used to represent a number;
He learned to write the numerals before he went to school
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

One of a series published periodically;
She found an old issue of the magazine in her dentist's waitingroom
Sawaira Riaz
Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A select company of people;
I hope to become one of their number before I die
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

The grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural);
In English the subject and the verb must agree in number
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

An item of merchandise offered for sale;
She preferred the black nylon number
This sweater is an all-wool number
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A clothing measurement;
A number 13 shoe
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Add up in number or quantity;
The bills amounted to $2,000 The bill came to$2,000
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Give numbers to;
You should number the pages of the thesis
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Enumerate;
We must number the names of the great mathematicians
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Put into a group;
The academy counts several Nobel Prize winners among its members
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Determine the number or amount of;
Can you count the books on your shelf?
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

Place a limit on the number of
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Mar 07, 2023

#### Number

A mathematical value used in counting and calculations.
Seven is a prime number.
Aimie Carlson
Sep 27, 2023

#### Number

A quantity ascertained by counting.
The number of books on the shelf is twenty.
Janet White
Sep 27, 2023

#### Number

A mathematical object used to measure, label, and calculate.
The number zero is an integer.
Aimie Carlson
Sep 27, 2023

## FAQs

#### What is a numeral?

A numeral is a symbol or word that represents a number.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Do numerals have numerical value?

No, numerals represent numbers, but they are symbols without numerical value themselves.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Are numbers crucial for mathematics?

Yes, numbers are fundamental for performing calculations and solving mathematical problems.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Is a number a tangible object?

No, a number is an abstract mathematical concept.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Can the concept of number exist without numerals?

Yes, numbers are abstract and can exist independently of numerals.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Can numbers exist without being represented by numerals?

Yes, numbers are abstract concepts and exist independently of their representation.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Can numerals represent negative numbers?

Yes, numerals can represent both positive and negative numbers.
Aimie Carlson
Sep 27, 2023

#### Is zero a number?

Yes, zero is a number that represents the absence of quantity.
Janet White
Sep 27, 2023

#### Can a numeral represent more than one number?

No, a specific numeral represents a specific number.
Aimie Carlson
Sep 27, 2023

#### Can numbers represent fractions or decimals?

Yes, numbers can be whole, fractional, decimal, real, or imaginary.
Janet White
Sep 27, 2023

#### Can numerals have different forms?

Yes, numerals can be expressed in different numeral systems, like Arabic or Roman numerals.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Do numerals only represent whole numbers?

No, numerals can represent whole numbers, fractions, decimals, etc., depending on the numeral system.
Sara Rehman
Sep 27, 2023

#### Can the term number refer to a digit?

No, a digit is a numeral or a single symbol used to represent numbers in a positional numeral system.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Are numerals dependent on the concept of numbers?

Yes, numerals are dependent on numbers as they represent them.
Sawaira Riaz
Sep 27, 2023

#### Is every number representable by a numeral?

In theory, every number can be represented by a numeral, but some numbers, like certain irrational numbers, cannot be precisely expressed in a numeral system.
Harlon Moss
Sep 27, 2023