Difference Wiki

New York Convention vs. Geneva Convention: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sara Rehman || By Sumera Saeed || Published on November 23, 2023
The New York Convention is a treaty for recognizing and enforcing international arbitration awards, while the Geneva Convention consists of treaties on humanitarian treatment in war.

Key Differences

The New York Convention, officially the "Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards," was adopted in 1958 in New York. It establishes a framework for the enforcement of international arbitration awards. The Geneva Convention, on the other hand, refers to a series of treaties formulated in Geneva, primarily focused on humanitarian treatment during war, with the first adopted in 1864 and later ones in the 20th century.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023
The New York Convention is pivotal in the field of international commercial arbitration, providing a standardized legal framework for enforcing arbitration agreements and awards across its member states. In contrast, the Geneva Convention sets out international legal standards for humane treatment in war, covering the protection of wounded soldiers, prisoners of war, and civilians.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023
As of the 21st century, the New York Convention has been ratified by a significant number of countries, making it a cornerstone of international arbitration. The Geneva Convention, comprising four treaties and three additional protocols, has a widespread global acceptance and forms the core of international humanitarian law.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023
The application of the New York Convention is primarily in the context of international business disputes and commercial arbitration. The Geneva Convention, conversely, is applied in scenarios of armed conflicts, providing rules that protect people who are not or no longer participating in hostilities.
Harlon Moss
Nov 23, 2023
In essence, while the New York Convention facilitates international business and trade by ensuring the enforceability of arbitration awards, the Geneva Convention seeks to mitigate the horrors of war and safeguard human rights in conflict situations.
Janet White
Nov 23, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Focus

International arbitration and enforcement
Humanitarian law in armed conflicts
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Adoption

1958 in New York
First adopted in 1864 in Geneva
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Application

Business disputes and commercial arbitration
Treatment of wounded, POWs, and civilians in war
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Global Acceptance

Ratified by a large number of countries
Widespread acceptance and forms core of humanitarian law
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Primary Role

Standardizing enforcement of arbitration awards
Setting legal standards for humane treatment in war
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023
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New York Convention and Geneva Convention Definitions

New York Convention

A key treaty in international commercial law.
The New York Convention has streamlined resolving cross-border business disputes.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Geneva Convention

Addresses the humane treatment of prisoners of war.
The Geneva Convention stipulates the rights and treatment of POWs.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 10, 2023

New York Convention

Facilitates international arbitration by providing a mechanism for enforcing awards.
The company sought enforcement of the arbitration award under the New York Convention.
Sara Rehman
Nov 10, 2023

Geneva Convention

Includes provisions for the wounded and sick in armed forces.
Medical personnel in warzones are protected under the Geneva Convention.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 10, 2023

New York Convention

A critical tool for resolving international business disputes.
The New York Convention plays a crucial role in international dispute resolution.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 10, 2023

Geneva Convention

A series of treaties forming the core of international humanitarian law.
The Geneva Convention is fundamental to modern humanitarian law.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

New York Convention

Widely ratified for its importance in international trade.
The New York Convention's widespread ratification underscores its importance in global commerce.
Harlon Moss
Nov 10, 2023

Geneva Convention

Protects non-combatants in armed conflicts.
The Geneva Convention sets forth the protection of civilians during wartime.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

New York Convention

Ensures recognition of foreign arbitral awards.
Under the New York Convention, the arbitral award was recognized internationally.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 10, 2023

Geneva Convention

Establishes rules for humanitarian treatment in war.
The treatment of prisoners of war is governed by the Geneva Convention.
Sara Rehman
Nov 10, 2023

FAQs

How many Geneva Conventions are there?

There are four Geneva Conventions, adopted between 1864 and 1949, with additional protocols.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is the New York Convention?

The New York Convention is a treaty for recognizing and enforcing international arbitration awards.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

When was the New York Convention adopted?

The New York Convention was adopted in 1958.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What does the Geneva Convention cover?

The Geneva Convention covers humanitarian treatment in war, including the protection of wounded soldiers and civilians.
Sara Rehman
Nov 23, 2023

Which countries are parties to the New York Convention?

Over 160 countries are parties to the New York Convention.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is the purpose of the Geneva Conventions?

They aim to ensure humane treatment in war, protecting those not participating in hostilities.
Janet White
Nov 23, 2023

How does the New York Convention aid in dispute resolution?

It provides a uniform legal framework for enforcing arbitration agreements and awards across borders.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What kind of disputes does the New York Convention address?

It addresses disputes in international commercial and business arbitration.
Harlon Moss
Nov 23, 2023

Does the New York Convention apply to domestic arbitration?

No, it specifically applies to international arbitration awards.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is the significance of the New York Convention in international trade?

It is crucial for ensuring the enforcement of international arbitration awards, facilitating smooth international business transactions.
Harlon Moss
Nov 23, 2023

Can civilians seek protection under the Geneva Convention?

Yes, the Geneva Conventions provide rules for the protection of civilians in war zones.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Are the Geneva Conventions part of international law?

Yes, they are key components of international humanitarian law.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 23, 2023

Do the Geneva Conventions apply to non-state actors?

While primarily aimed at states, non-state actors are also expected to adhere to humanitarian principles.
Harlon Moss
Nov 23, 2023

Is adherence to the New York Convention mandatory for signatory states?

Yes, signatory states are obliged to enforce arbitration agreements and awards per the Convention's rules.
Janet White
Nov 23, 2023

Can the New York Convention be used to enforce any arbitration award?

It can be used to enforce awards that meet certain criteria outlined in the Convention.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

Are the Geneva Conventions universally accepted?

They are widely ratified and form the basis of international humanitarian law.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

What is the role of the International Committee of the Red Cross in the Geneva Conventions?

The ICRC plays a key role in promoting and ensuring compliance with the Geneva Conventions.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 23, 2023

How does the New York Convention impact global commerce?

It provides a secure and predictable legal environment for resolving international commercial disputes.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 23, 2023

How do the Geneva Conventions impact armed conflicts?

They establish legal standards for the ethical conduct of war and treatment of war victims.
Janet White
Nov 23, 2023

What happens if a country violates the Geneva Conventions?

Violations can lead to international condemnation, legal actions, and in severe cases, international criminal prosecution.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 23, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sara Rehman
Sara Rehman is a seasoned writer and editor with extensive experience at Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Information Technology, she combines her academic prowess with her passion for writing to deliver insightful and well-researched content.

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