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Naan vs. Roti: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on November 17, 2023
"Naan" is a leavened, oven-baked flatbread, often enriched with yogurt or milk. "Roti" is typically an unleavened, pan-cooked bread, simpler in ingredients.

Key Differences

"Naan" is a type of Indian flatbread that's typically leavened with yeast or baking powder, creating a fluffy, thick texture after it's baked in a tandoor (a special type of oven). In contrast, "Roti" is generally an unleavened bread that’s thinner and cooked on a flat griddle, known as a tawa, resulting in a softer texture that's pliable, often used to scoop up curry or vegetables.
When considering the ingredients, "Naan" often includes yogurt, milk, or eggs, contributing to its softer, more substantial texture and rich flavor. "Roti", on the other hand, usually consists of whole wheat flour, water, and salt, making it a lighter, everyday staple in many South Asian households.
From a culinary standpoint, "Naan" is often enjoyed with a variety of dishes, and its fluffy texture makes it suitable for soaking up sauces from curries. However, "Roti" is typically served as an everyday bread in many Indian households, accompanying dishes ranging from dry vegetables to meat preparations, owing to its versatility and lighter nature.
In terms of variations, "Naan" has several, including garlic naan, butter naan, or cheese naan, where ingredients are added for flavor. Conversely, "Roti" has fewer variations, though it's sometimes made with added ingredients like spinach or mashed lentils, creating versions like palak roti or dal roti.
Health-wise, "Naan" is often considered less healthy due to the addition of white flour and more fats. In contrast, "Roti", especially when made with whole wheat flour, is seen as a healthier option because of its simpler ingredients and lower calorie count.

Comparison Chart


Leavened with yeast or baking powder
Typically unleavened

Cooking Method

Oven-baked, usually in a tandoor
Pan-cooked on a tawa

Main Ingredients

Flour, yogurt/milk, sometimes eggs
Whole wheat flour, water, salt


Soft, fluffy, thick
Soft, pliable, thin

Common Variations

Garlic, butter, cheese naan
Spinach, lentil roti

Naan and Roti Definitions


A leavened Indian flatbread.
She enjoyed dipping the fluffy Naan into her curry.


Cooked on a flat griddle.
The aroma of freshly made Roti filled the kitchen.


Accompanies various dishes.
Their meal consisted of spicy kebabs and warm Naan.


Made from whole wheat flour.
He preferred the wholesome taste of Roti with his dinner.


Can contain added flavors.
He ordered his favorite, garlic Naan, from the local restaurant.


An unleavened Indian flatbread.
She made Roti daily, a staple for her family's meals.


Oven-baked in a tandoor.
The chef expertly cooked the Naan in the traditional tandoor.


Versatile in its use.
Roti was served alongside a variety of dishes at the buffet.


Richer due to dairy in dough.
The soft texture of the Naan was due to the yogurt in its dough.


Lighter and healthier.
Choosing Roti over fried breads was part of her dietary plan.


A flat, leavened bread of northwest India, made of wheat flour and baked in a tandoor.


See chapati.


A type of round, flat bread baked in a tandoor popular in South and Central Asian cuisine.


A kind of unleavened flatbread commonly consumed in South Asia and the Caribbean.
Nepalis eat sweet fried rice-flour doughnuts called sel roti.


Is "Naan" commonly eaten with curry?

Yes, naan's thick texture makes it perfect for curries.

What's the main ingredient in "Roti"?

Whole wheat flour is the primary ingredient.

How is "Naan" traditionally cooked?

In a tandoor, a cylindrical clay or metal oven.

Is "Naan" leavened bread?

Yes, it's typically leavened with yeast or baking powder.

Is "Roti" vegan-friendly?

Typically, yes, since it's made with simple, plant-based ingredients.

Can "Roti" be made without oil?

Absolutely, it's often made with just flour and water.

Does "Naan" contain dairy?

Often, ingredients like milk or yogurt are used.

Is "Roti" part of daily meals in India?

Yes, it's a staple in many Indian diets.

Can "Naan" be made sweet?

Yes, ingredients like dried fruits or honey can be added.

Can "Naan" be stuffed?

Yes, variants like keema or cheese naan are popular.

How is "Roti" served?

Warm, often alongside dishes like curry or vegetables.

Are there gluten-free "Naan" options?

Some recipes use gluten-free flours, but traditional naan contains gluten.

Can "Roti" be refrigerated?

Yes, but it's best enjoyed fresh.

Do you need a tandoor to make "Naan"?

Traditionally, yes, but it can be made in a regular oven.

Is "Roti" easy to digest?

Yes, especially when made from whole wheat.

Can "Roti" be used as a wrap?

Absolutely, its flexibility makes it suitable.

How is "Naan" different from pita?

Naan is softer, thicker, and often contains dairy.

Is "Naan" high in calories?

It can be, especially varieties with added butter or cheese.

What's the nutritional profile of "Roti"?

Generally low in calories, with fiber and nutrients from whole wheat.

Are there different types of "Roti"?

Yes, including regional varieties and those with added ingredients.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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