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Lutheranism vs. Calvinism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Published on January 19, 2024
Lutheranism emphasizes salvation through faith alone and the authority of scripture, while Calvinism focuses on the sovereignty of God and predestination.

Key Differences

Lutheranism was founded by Martin Luther, focusing on salvation through faith alone. Calvinism, founded by John Calvin, emphasizes God's absolute sovereignty and predestination.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024
In Lutheranism, the Bible is the sole source of religious authority, and every believer has the right to interpret it. Calvinism also values scripture but places strong emphasis on predestination and God's unchangeable will.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024
Lutheranism celebrates two sacraments – baptism and communion, as means of grace. In Calvinism, sacraments are symbolic, reflecting God's promises but not imparting grace themselves.
Huma Saeed
Jan 19, 2024
Lutheranism teaches that Christ is physically present in the Eucharist, a concept known as consubstantiation. Calvinism views the Eucharist symbolically, focusing on spiritual presence rather than physical.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024
Lutheranism allows for some flexibility in church practices and governance. Calvinism often promotes a more structured approach to church order and discipline.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Founder

Martin Luther
John Calvin
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Key Doctrine

Salvation by Faith Alone
Predestination
Huma Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Scripture Authority

Central, with Personal Interpretation
Central, with Emphasis on God's Will
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Sacraments

Means of Grace
Symbolic
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024

Eucharist View

Consubstantiation
Symbolic/Spiritual Presence
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024
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Lutheranism and Calvinism Definitions

Lutheranism

Lutheranism practices two sacraments: baptism and communion.
In Lutheranism, these sacraments are viewed as channels of divine grace.
Harlon Moss
Dec 16, 2023

Calvinism

Calvinism is a Protestant tradition focusing on God's sovereignty.
Calvinism's doctrine of predestination reflects God's absolute power.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023

Lutheranism

Lutheranism is a Protestant branch emphasizing faith and scripture.
Lutheranism's focus on scripture empowered individuals to explore their faith.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023

Calvinism

Calvinism advocates for strict church discipline and governance.
Calvinism's approach to church order has influenced various Protestant denominations.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023

Lutheranism

Lutheranism upholds the belief of justification by faith alone.
Lutheranism challenges the notion of earning salvation through deeds.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Calvinism

Calvinism strongly emphasizes the doctrine of predestination.
In Calvinism, the fate of souls is predetermined by God.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023

Lutheranism

Lutheranism arose from Martin Luther's teachings in the 16th century.
The spread of Lutheranism was a major event of the Reformation.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Calvinism

Calvinism emerged from the teachings of John Calvin in the Reformation.
Calvinism played a key role in shaping Protestant theology.
Huma Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Lutheranism

Of or relating to the religious doctrines of Martin Luther, especially the doctrine of justification by faith alone.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Calvinism

Calvinism practices a symbolic interpretation of sacraments.
Calvinism views communion as a commemorative act rather than a sacramental one.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 16, 2023

Lutheranism

Of or relating to the Protestant denomination adhering to these doctrines.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Calvinism

The religious doctrines of John Calvin, emphasizing the omnipotence of God and the salvation of the elect by God's grace alone.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Lutheranism

A member of the Lutheran Church.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Calvinism

The theological tenets or doctrines of John Calvin (a French theologian and reformer of the 16th century) and his followers, or of the so-called calvinistic churches.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Lutheranism

The doctrines taught by Luther or held by the Lutheran Church.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Calvinism

The theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Lutheranism

Teachings of Martin Luther emphasizing the cardinal doctrine of justification by faith alone
Sumera Saeed
Dec 15, 2023

Lutheranism

Lutheranism allows for diverse liturgical practices among its followers.
Lutheranism's flexibility has led to a variety of worship styles.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023

FAQs

Who founded Lutheranism?

Martin Luther, a German theologian, founded Lutheranism during the Reformation.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

What are the sacraments in Lutheranism?

Lutheranism recognizes two sacraments: baptism and communion.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

What is Calvinism?

Calvinism is a Protestant tradition focusing on God's sovereignty and predestination.
Huma Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

How does Calvinism view sacraments?

In Calvinism, sacraments are symbolic acts, not channels of grace.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Who founded Calvinism?

John Calvin, a French theologian, is credited with founding Calvinism.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

How do Lutheranism and Calvinism view predestination?

Calvinism strongly emphasizes predestination, while Lutheranism focuses more on individual faith.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

What is Lutheranism?

Lutheranism is a Protestant denomination emphasizing justification by faith and scripture.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

How do Calvinists interpret the Eucharist?

Calvinists view the Eucharist as a symbolic remembrance of Christ's sacrifice.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

What's the role of scripture in Calvinism?

Scripture in Calvinism is also central, viewed through the lens of God's sovereign will.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Can anyone interpret the Bible in Lutheranism?

Yes, Lutheranism encourages personal Bible interpretation.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

How do Lutheranism and Calvinism differ in worship?

Lutheranism allows diverse worship practices, while Calvinism often has more structured services.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

What is the Lutheran view of the Eucharist?

Lutherans believe in consubstantiation, where Christ is physically present in the Eucharist.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

Is church discipline important in Calvinism?

Yes, Calvinism places a high value on strict church discipline and order.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Are there different branches within Lutheranism and Calvinism?

Both traditions have various branches and interpretations within their respective frameworks.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 19, 2024

How have Lutheranism and Calvinism influenced Christianity?

Both have significantly shaped Protestant theology and practice globally.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

Do Calvinists believe in saints?

Calvinism does not focus on sainthood in the same way as Catholicism or Eastern Orthodoxy.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

What's the role of scripture in Lutheranism?

Scripture is central in Lutheranism, with an emphasis on personal interpretation.
Janet White
Jan 19, 2024

Are Lutheranism and Calvinism monotheistic?

Yes, both traditions are monotheistic, focusing on the Christian understanding of God.
Harlon Moss
Jan 19, 2024

How do Lutheranism and Calvinism view salvation?

Lutheranism emphasizes faith alone for salvation, while Calvinism stresses predestination.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024

Do Lutherans believe in saints?

Lutheranism respects saints but does not emphasize intercession as in Catholicism.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 19, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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