Difference Wiki

Left Ventricle vs. Right Ventricle: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Updated on October 13, 2023
Left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood to the body; right ventricle pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs. Both are chambers in the heart with different circulatory roles.

Key Differences

The left ventricle and right ventricle are integral components of the heart’s anatomy. Each ventricle performs a distinct role within the circulatory system, optimizing oxygen transport and blood circulation. The left ventricle propels oxygen-rich blood into systemic circulation, while the right ventricle is tasked with moving oxygen-depleted blood toward the lungs.
Physically, the left ventricle is typically more muscular and thicker-walled than the right ventricle. This robust structure supports its duty to pump blood throughout the entire body, necessitating a higher pressure and force. The right ventricle, conversely, has a thinner wall, as it only needs to push blood a short distance to the lungs, requiring less force.
Considering blood circulation, the left ventricle sends blood into the aorta, from where it circulates to various body parts, providing them with essential oxygen and nutrients. Conversely, the right ventricle directs blood into the pulmonary artery, channeling it towards the lungs where it is to be oxygenated, highlighting their distinct roles in systemic and pulmonary circulation, respectively.
Various conditions can affect the left and right ventricles differently. For instance, left ventricular hypertrophy involves the thickening of the left ventricle’s muscular wall, often resulting from high blood pressure or other cardiac conditions. The right ventricle, however, may be more directly involved in conditions like pulmonary hypertension, which originates from increased pressure within the pulmonary artery.
Despite their differences, the left ventricle and right ventricle work in harmonious synchronization within the cardiac cycle. As the left ventricle delivers oxygenated blood to the body, it fuels the organs and systems that maintain life. Simultaneously, the right ventricle ensures that deoxygenated blood reaches the lungs, where it can be refreshed with oxygen, perpetuating the vital cycle.

Comparison Chart

Circulation Type


Wall Thickness


Primary Function

Pumps oxygenated blood to the body
Pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs

Associated Vessel

Pulmonary artery

Common Conditions

Left ventricular hypertrophy, heart failure
Pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular failure

Left Ventricle and Right Ventricle Definitions

Left Ventricle

The left ventricle sends oxygen-rich blood to the body.
Oxygenated blood is propelled by the left ventricle to nourish various tissues.

Right Ventricle

The right ventricle receives deoxygenated blood from the right atrium above it.
Blood flows from the right atrium into the right ventricle, following the tricuspid valve’s opening.

Left Ventricle

The left ventricle is the heart's lower left chamber.
Blood exits the left ventricle into the aorta.

Right Ventricle

The right ventricle is one of the heart’s four chambers, located in the lower right section.
The right ventricle pushes deoxygenated blood toward the lungs.

Left Ventricle

The left ventricle receives blood from the left atrium.
Oxygenated blood flows from the left atrium to the left ventricle before being distributed to the body.

Right Ventricle

It plays a crucial role in the pulmonary circulation by transporting deoxygenated blood.
The right ventricle ensures that blood lacking oxygen reaches the lungs for oxygenation.

Left Ventricle

It has thicker walls than the right ventricle to pump blood forcefully.
The left ventricle needs to exert more pressure to circulate blood throughout the body.

Right Ventricle

It directs blood into the pulmonary artery to convey it to the lungs.
The right ventricle propels blood through the pulmonary valve into the pulmonary artery.

Left Ventricle

Left ventricular hypertrophy is a condition involving thickening of its walls.
Left ventricular hypertrophy often signals prolonged high blood pressure.

Right Ventricle

This chamber has thinner walls than the left ventricle since it pumps blood a shorter distance.
Despite its thinner walls, the right ventricle efficiently moves blood to the nearby lungs.


What is the primary function of the right ventricle?

The right ventricle pumps deoxygenated blood to the lungs for oxygenation.

What is the left ventricle?

The left ventricle is the lower left chamber of the heart that pumps oxygenated blood to the body.

Does the right ventricle pump blood to the entire body?

No, it pumps blood only to the lungs.

Why is the left ventricle’s wall thicker?

To exert enough pressure to propel blood throughout the entire body.

What role does the right ventricle play in the cardiac cycle?

It accepts deoxygenated blood and propels it towards the lungs during systole.

What separates the left ventricle from the left atrium?

The mitral valve.

What could cause left ventricular failure?

Factors like myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, and hypertension.

Why is left ventricular pressure higher?

To distribute blood to the entirety of the body, higher pressure is needed.

Is left ventricular dysfunction reversible?

It may be manageable with treatment, but reversal depends on various factors.

What type of blood does the left ventricle handle?

Oxygenated blood.

What is left ventricular hypertrophy?

It’s a condition where the left ventricle’s wall thickens, often due to hypertension.

What vessel does the left ventricle pump blood into?

The aorta.

Where does the right ventricle send blood?

To the lungs via the pulmonary artery.

What is the shape of the right ventricle?

It's somewhat triangular and extends from the lower right corner of the heart upwards.

How does the right ventricle receive blood?

From the right atrium, through the tricuspid valve.

Can a person live with dysfunction in the left ventricle?

Yes, with medical intervention and lifestyle adjustments, but quality of life and lifespan might be impacted.

What valve controls blood flow out of the right ventricle?

The pulmonary valve.

Is the right ventricle involved in systemic circulation?

No, it’s involved in pulmonary circulation.

Which ventricle has a more complex inner structure?

The left ventricle, due to its trabeculae carneae and papillary muscles.

Can the right ventricle experience failure?

Yes, right ventricular failure is a serious condition often related to pulmonary hypertension.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons