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Knowledge vs. Truth: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on December 16, 2023
Knowledge refers to accumulation of information and understanding; Truth refers to objective reality or factual accuracy.

Key Differences

Knowledge involves the accumulation and understanding of information, often based on learning and experience. Truth, in contrast, refers to the objective reality or factual accuracy of a statement or concept. Knowledge can be subjective and vary between individuals, while truth is universally accepted and immutable.
Knowledge is often built through personal experiences, education, and perception, leading to a deep understanding or skill in a certain area. Truth, however, is the unchanging reality that exists regardless of beliefs or perceptions. It is independent of individuals' knowledge and remains constant.
Knowledge can be wrong or incomplete, as it is often based on the current understanding and information available, which may change over time. Truth, on the other hand, does not change. It is a constant that remains the same regardless of new information or understanding.
Knowledge requires a knower, someone who understands or is aware of information or facts. Truth exists independently of human awareness or understanding. It does not require a human to know or believe it to be true.
In the pursuit of knowledge, individuals often seek to uncover the truth. However, the truth can exist without knowledge, as it does not depend on human understanding or awareness. Knowledge seeks to explain, understand, and sometimes predict, while truth simply is.

Comparison Chart


Subjective and variable
Objective and constant


Requires a knower
Exists independently


Can be incomplete or evolve
Immutable and permanent


Derived from experience, learning
Inherent in reality


To understand, explain, or predict
To simply exist as a fact

Knowledge and Truth Definitions


Information and skills acquired through experience or education.
His knowledge of history helped him excel in the quiz competition.


That which is true or in accordance with fact or reality.
The truth of the matter was more complex than they initially thought.


Awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation.
Her knowledge of local customs was invaluable during her travels.


The quality or state of being true.
She admired the truth of his honest words.


The theoretical or practical understanding of a subject.
His deep knowledge of mathematics made complex calculations seem easy.


A fact or belief that is accepted as true.
The truth about the company's success was finally revealed.


Expertise, or the mastery of a subject area.
Her knowledge of computer programming was evident in her efficient coding.


The body of real things, events, and facts.
His story was grounded in the truth of his experiences.


The sum of what is known, including facts and information.
The library was a vast source of knowledge for the community.


Fidelity to an original or a standard.
The artist's work showed a dedication to the truth of her creative vision.


The state or fact of knowing
Humans naturally aspire to knowledge.


Conformity to fact or actuality
Does this story have any truth?.


Familiarity, awareness, or understanding gained through experience or study
Has great knowledge of these parts.
Has only limited knowledge of chemistry.


Reality; actuality
In truth, he was not qualified for the job.


How do we acquire knowledge?

Knowledge is acquired through learning, experience, and research.

Can truth change over time?

No, truth is a constant and does not change, though our understanding of it can.

Is knowledge a form of belief?

Knowledge involves beliefs, but it is based on evidence and understanding.

Is truth the same as fact?

Yes, truth is often synonymous with fact, representing what is real and accurate.

Can knowledge be subjective?

Yes, knowledge can be influenced by personal experiences and perceptions.

Is truth subjective?

No, truth is objective and does not change based on personal beliefs or perceptions.

Does truth require proof?

Truth exists independently, but proof is often needed to establish it as truth.

Can knowledge be false?

Yes, knowledge can be based on incorrect information or misunderstandings.

How is knowledge shared?

Knowledge is shared through education, communication, and information dissemination.

Is knowledge always based on truth?

Not necessarily; knowledge can be based on false premises or incomplete information.

Can something be true but not known?

Yes, truths can exist independently of human knowledge or awareness.

Is truth always evident?

No, sometimes truth can be hidden or not immediately apparent.

Can knowledge change?

Yes, knowledge can evolve as new information and understandings emerge.

What is the role of education in knowledge?

Education plays a crucial role in the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge.

Can truth be personal?

Personal truths can exist but are different from objective truths that are universally accepted.

Does truth depend on evidence?

While truth itself is independent, evidence is often needed to demonstrate or recognize it.

Can knowledge be universal?

Some knowledge is universal, but much of it can vary by culture, era, and individual.

Is truth always absolute?

In many cases, yes, but some truths can be relative depending on the context.

How does knowledge grow?

Knowledge grows through inquiry, exploration, and expanding upon existing information.

Is truth always beneficial?

Truth can be beneficial, but it can also be difficult or uncomfortable in some situations.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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