Difference Wiki

Kerosene vs. Turpentine: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Published on December 31, 2023
Kerosene is a petroleum-derived fuel used for heating and lighting; turpentine is a volatile oil used as a solvent and in making varnishes.

Key Differences

Kerosene is a light fuel oil obtained by distilling petroleum, primarily used for heating, lighting, and jet fuel. It is less volatile than gasoline and has a higher boiling point. Turpentine, conversely, is distilled from the resin of certain pine trees and is commonly used as a solvent in the paint industry. It is known for its strong odor and is also used in the production of varnishes and as a raw material in the chemical industry.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023
Kerosene was historically important for providing lighting before the widespread use of electricity. It burns with a clean flame, making it suitable for use in lanterns and heaters. Turpentine has been used for centuries as a thinner for oil-based paints and varnishes. Its strong solvent properties make it effective in dissolving oils, resins, and waxes.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023
Kerosene is less flammable than many other fuels, such as gasoline, due to its higher flash point. This property makes it relatively safer for storage and handling. Turpentine is more volatile and flammable compared to kerosene. Its strong fumes make it necessary to use in well-ventilated areas to avoid inhalation risks.
Huma Saeed
Dec 31, 2023
Kerosene is produced through the refining process of crude oil, where it is separated from other petroleum products at specific boiling points. Turpentine, on the other hand, is derived from a natural source - the resin of pine trees. Its extraction involves the distillation of the resin, separating the oil from the solid rosin.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 31, 2023
Kerosene has limited use in industrial solvents due to its oily nature and relatively lower solvency for paints compared to turpentine. Turpentine is highly valued in the art world, especially for thinning oil paints and cleaning brushes, due to its effectiveness in dissolving oil-based substances.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Source

Distilled from petroleum
Distilled from pine tree resin
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

Primary Use

Heating, lighting, jet fuel
Solvent, paint thinner, varnish component
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

Flammability

Less flammable, higher flash point
Highly flammable, volatile
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

Industrial Application

Limited solvent use, heating fuel
Widely used in paint and varnish industries
Harlon Moss
Dec 31, 2023

Properties

Oily, lower solvency for paints
Strong solvent, effective for oil-based paints
Janet White
Dec 31, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Kerosene and Turpentine Definitions

Kerosene

Kerosene is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid used as fuel in heaters and lamps.
The old lantern in the cabin was fueled by kerosene.
Janet White
Dec 09, 2023

Turpentine

Turpentine is used in the production of varnishes and resins.
To create the varnish, she mixed linseed oil with turpentine.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 09, 2023

Kerosene

Kerosene is obtained from petroleum and used in jet engines.
The aircraft was powered by a type of jet fuel derived from kerosene.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 09, 2023

Turpentine

Turpentine is distilled from the resin of pine trees.
The strong smell of turpentine filled the artist's studio, a scent reminiscent of pine forests.
Huma Saeed
Dec 09, 2023

Kerosene

Kerosene serves as a heating oil in residential and commercial buildings.
During the winter, they relied on kerosene to heat their home.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 09, 2023

Turpentine

Turpentine serves as a raw material in the chemical industry.
The factory processed turpentine for various chemical products.
Harlon Moss
Dec 09, 2023

Kerosene

Kerosene is used in portable stoves and lanterns for camping.
They lit a kerosene stove to cook dinner at the campsite.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 09, 2023

Turpentine

Turpentine is a volatile oil used as a paint thinner and solvent.
He used turpentine to thin the oil paint for his canvas.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 09, 2023

Kerosene

Kerosene is a less volatile alternative to gasoline for fuel storage.
For emergency situations, they stored kerosene due to its safer handling properties.
Harlon Moss
Dec 09, 2023

Turpentine

Turpentine is known for its strong, pungent odor.
Opening the bottle of turpentine, the pungent aroma quickly spread through the room.
Janet White
Dec 09, 2023

Kerosene

A thin oil distilled from petroleum or shale oil, used as a fuel for heating and cooking, in lamps, and as a denaturant for alcohol. Also called coal oil.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

A thin volatile terpenoid essential oil, C10H16, obtained by steam distillation or other means from the wood or exudate of certain pine trees and used as a paint thinner, solvent, and medicinally as a liniment. Also called oil of turpentine, spirit of turpentine.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Kerosene

A thin colorless to straw-colored petroleum-based fuel heavier than gasoline/petrol or naptha but lighter than diesel, used primarily as jet fuel but also for heating and lighting in some remote or impoverished areas.
The kerosene lasted all winter, so the furnace kept us always warm.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

The sticky mixture of resin and volatile oil from which turpentine is distilled.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Kerosene

An oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also coal oil. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series, having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in each molecule, and having a higher boiling point (175 - 325° C) than gasoline or the petroleum ethers, and a lower boling point than the oils.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

A brownish-yellow resinous liquid obtained from the terebinth.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Kerosene

A flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

To apply turpentine to or mix turpentine with.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

To extract turpentine from (a tree).
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

Any oleoresin secreted by the wood or bark of certain trees.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

A volatile essential oil now obtained from such oleoresin of from the wood of pine trees by steam distillation; a complex mixture of monoterpenes; now used as a solvent and paint thinner.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

(transitive) To drain resin from (a tree) for use in making turpentine.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

A semifluid or fluid oleoresin, primarily the exudation of the terebinth, or turpentine, tree (Pistacia Terebinthus), a native of the Mediterranean region. It is also obtained from many coniferous trees, especially species of pine, larch, and fir.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

Obtained from conifers (especially pines)
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

Turpentine

Volatile liquid distilled from turpentine oleoresin; used as paint thinner and solvent and medicinally
Sumera Saeed
Dec 08, 2023

FAQs

How is kerosene produced?

Kerosene is produced by refining crude oil, separating it based on boiling points.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

Is kerosene flammable?

Kerosene is flammable but less volatile compared to fuels like gasoline.
Janet White
Dec 31, 2023

What is the source of turpentine?

Turpentine is sourced from the distillation of pine tree resin.
Janet White
Dec 31, 2023

What is kerosene primarily used for?

Kerosene is commonly used as fuel in heating, lighting, and jet engines.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

How does turpentine benefit the art industry?

Turpentine is valuable in the art industry for thinning paints and cleaning brushes.
Janet White
Dec 31, 2023

What is the environmental impact of kerosene?

Kerosene, like other fossil fuels, contributes to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
Harlon Moss
Dec 31, 2023

How flammable is turpentine?

Turpentine is highly flammable and requires careful handling.
Janet White
Dec 31, 2023

Can kerosene be used as a solvent?

Kerosene has limited use as a solvent due to its oily nature.
Harlon Moss
Dec 31, 2023

What precautions are needed when using kerosene?

When using kerosene, proper storage and handling are essential to prevent fires.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

What are the main uses of turpentine?

Turpentine is mainly used as a solvent for paint and in producing varnishes.
Huma Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

Is turpentine still widely used today?

Turpentine continues to be used, especially in the paint and varnish industries.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

Why is ventilation important when using turpentine?

Turpentine's strong fumes necessitate well-ventilated areas to avoid inhalation risks.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

What safety measures should be taken with turpentine?

Turpentine requires careful handling, including avoiding skin contact and inhalation.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

How does kerosene compare to gasoline?

Kerosene has a higher boiling point and is less volatile than gasoline.
Harlon Moss
Dec 31, 2023

What makes turpentine effective as a paint thinner?

Turpentine's strong solvent properties make it effective for thinning oil-based paints.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 31, 2023

How should kerosene be stored?

Kerosene should be stored in a well-ventilated area in a container designed for flammable liquids.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 31, 2023

Is kerosene used in aviation?

Yes, kerosene is used as jet fuel in aviation due to its high energy content.
Harlon Moss
Dec 31, 2023

Can turpentine be made synthetically?

Yes, there are synthetic versions of turpentine available.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 31, 2023

What industries rely on kerosene?

The aviation, heating, and lighting industries commonly use kerosene.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 31, 2023

What other applications does turpentine have?

Besides being a solvent, turpentine is used in making resins and chemicals.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 31, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons