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Junta vs. Junto: What's the Difference?

By Harlon Moss & Aimie Carlson || Updated on May 22, 2024
A junta is a group that seizes control of a government, usually through force, while a junto is a small group of people united for a common purpose, often intellectual or political.

Key Differences

A junta typically refers to a military or political group that takes power by force, often following a coup d'état. This term is associated with undemocratic power grabs and is frequently used in the context of Latin American politics. On the other hand, a junto refers to a small assembly of individuals brought together for a specific common purpose. This term has historical roots in the context of intellectual or political societies, such as Benjamin Franklin's Junto Club, which aimed to foster mutual improvement among its members.
Juntas often govern through authoritarian means, prioritizing stability and control over democratic processes. They may suspend constitutions, dissolve legislatures, and rule by decree. In contrast, a junto functions more democratically within its membership, engaging in discussion, debate, and consensus-building to achieve its objectives.
A junta usually arises during times of political instability or crisis, seizing power to impose order. Whereas a junto is formed by like-minded individuals seeking to influence society or policy through collective action and dialogue. The formation of a junta is typically sudden and forceful, while a junto evolves more organically through shared interests and goals.
Juntas are often criticized for human rights abuses and lack of legitimacy, as they bypass the democratic process. Conversely, a junto can be seen positively as a forum for intellectual exchange and civic engagement, promoting ideas and policies through peaceful means.

Comparison Chart


Group seizing control of a government by force
Small group united for a common purpose


Political or military
Intellectual or political


Often illegal or extralegal
Generally legal


Through force or coercion
Through mutual interest and agreement

Governance Style

Democratic and consensual

Junta and Junto Definitions


A junta took control of the government after the coup.
The military junta declared martial law immediately after the takeover.


The junto aimed to influence local government policies.
Members of the junto advocated for social reforms.


The junta ruled with an iron fist, suppressing dissent.
The country suffered under the junta's oppressive policies.


The junto's meetings were informal but highly productive.
The junto brainstormed solutions to community issues.


The junta's rule was marked by widespread human rights abuses.
International organizations condemned the junta for its actions.


A junto of activists organized the campaign.
The environmental junto focused on sustainability initiatives.


After the coup, a junta governed the nation.
The junta dissolved the parliament and assumed full control.


A junto of scholars met weekly to discuss philosophy.
The junto's discussions often led to groundbreaking ideas.


A junta often emerges during periods of instability.
The junta's rise to power followed months of civil unrest.


Franklin's junto was a model of civic engagement.
The junto's members shared their knowledge to benefit each other.


A group of military officers ruling a country after seizing power.


A small, usually secret group united for a common interest.


A council or small legislative body in a government, especially in Central or South America.


(archaic) A group of men assembled for some common purpose; a club, or cabal.


The ruling council of a military dictatorship.


A secret council to deliberate on affairs of government or politics; a number of men combined for party intrigue; a faction; a cabal; as, a junto of ministers; a junto of politicians.
The puzzling sons of party next appeared,In dark cabals and mighty juntos met.


A council, convention, tribunal or assembly; especially, the grand council of state in Spain.


A clique (often secret) that seeks power usually through intrigue


A council; a convention; a tribunal; an assembly; esp., the grand council of state in Spain.


A junto.


A small committee or group self-appointed to serve as the government of a country, usually just after a coup d'etat or revolution, and often composed primarily of military men. The term is used mostly in Latin American countries.


A group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power


Is a junta legal?

A junta often operates extralegally, bypassing democratic processes.

How does a junta gain power?

A junta typically gains power through a coup d'état or military takeover.

What is a junto?

A junto is a small group of people united for a common purpose, often intellectual or political.

How is a junto formed?

A junto is formed by individuals with shared interests coming together voluntarily.

What are the goals of a junto?

The goals of a junto can include mutual improvement, intellectual discussion, or political activism.

What are some examples of juntas in history?

Historical examples include the Greek military junta of 1967-1974 and various Latin American juntas.

What impact does a junta have on a country's political system?

A junta can disrupt democratic institutions and impose authoritarian rule.

What is a junta?

A junta is a group that seizes control of a government, usually by force.

What is the purpose of a junta?

The purpose of a junta is to consolidate and maintain control over a country.

Is a junto legal?

Yes, a junto operates within legal boundaries and promotes peaceful engagement.

How does a junto influence society?

A junto influences society through discussion, consensus-building, and advocacy.

How do juntas maintain power?

Juntas maintain power through force, coercion, and suspension of democratic processes.

How do juntas and juntos differ in governance style?

Juntas are authoritarian, whereas juntos function democratically within their membership.

What is the historical context of the term 'junta'?

The term 'junta' has been used historically to describe military regimes, especially in Latin America.

What are the risks associated with a junta?

Risks include human rights abuses, lack of legitimacy, and suppression of dissent.

How do juntos achieve their goals?

Juntos achieve their goals through collaboration, discussion, and peaceful advocacy.

Can a junta be beneficial?

While some may argue a junta can bring stability, it often does so at the expense of democracy and human rights.

What are the benefits of joining a junto?

Benefits include intellectual exchange, collective action, and civic engagement.

What is the historical context of the term 'junto'?

The term 'junto' has roots in the 18th century, particularly associated with intellectual societies.

What are some famous examples of juntos?

Benjamin Franklin's Junto Club is a notable historical example.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Co-written by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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