Difference Wiki

Judge vs. Jury: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on November 19, 2023
A Judge is an appointed or elected official who presides over court proceedings. A Jury is a group of citizens selected to evaluate evidence and determine a verdict in a trial.

Key Differences

A Judge is an individual, either appointed or elected, who holds a position of authority within the legal system. In contrast, a Jury consists of multiple individuals, usually citizens without legal training, brought together to serve in a specific trial.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023
The role of a Judge primarily revolves around interpreting and applying the law, ensuring trial proceedings are fair, and often deciding sentences or legal outcomes in cases without juries. Conversely, a Jury's primary responsibility is to hear evidence, deliberate, and decide the guilt or innocence of a defendant based on the facts presented.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023
While a Judge often provides instructions, explaining legal principles and guidelines the Jury must follow, it's the Jury that listens to witnesses, assesses their credibility, and makes factual determinations based on the evidence shown.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023
In some trials, particularly bench trials, a Judge will perform the role of both judge and jury, making determinations of fact as well as of law. On the other hand, in jury trials, while the Judge handles questions of law, it's the Jury that delivers the verdict after deliberations.
Janet White
Nov 19, 2023
To sum it up, while a Judge provides the legal framework and ensures the right procedures are followed, a Jury represents the community's voice, delivering a verdict after considering all presented evidence.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Comparison Chart

Composition

Individual official.
Group of selected citizens.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Role

Interprets and applies the law.
Evaluates evidence, determines verdict.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Training

Typically has legal training and experience.
Usually lacks formal legal training.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Authority

Oversees trial proceedings, provides legal framework.
Decides on the facts, delivers verdict.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 19, 2023

Type of Trial

Presides over both bench and jury trials.
Only involved in jury trials.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Judge and Jury Definitions

Judge

A person who interprets laws and regulations.
The Judge clarified the legal precedent.
Janet White
Oct 28, 2023

Jury

A body of individuals selected to hear evidence and determine factual issues.
The defense presented its case to the Jury.
Janet White
Oct 28, 2023

Judge

An individual who presides over court proceedings, ensuring they are conducted fairly.
The Judge reminded the attorneys of courtroom decorum.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 28, 2023

Jury

Individuals jointly responsible for a decision in legal proceedings.
The Jury's decision was unanimous.
Sara Rehman
Oct 28, 2023

Judge

To form an opinion or estimation of after careful consideration
Judge heights.
Judging character.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023
ADVERTISEMENT

Jury

Citizens chosen to decide the guilt or innocence of a person on trial.
The Jury deliberated for three hours before reaching a verdict.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 28, 2023

Judge

(Law) To hear and decide on in a court of law
Judge a case.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A panel assessing the merits of a matter in certain competitions or disputes.
She was selected as a member of the art show Jury.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 28, 2023

Judge

To pass sentence on; condemn.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A group of people sworn to render a verdict in a trial.
The Jury listened intently to the witness.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 28, 2023

Judge

To act as one appointed to decide the winners of
Judge an essay contest.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

(Law) A body of persons selected to decide a verdict in a legal case, based upon the evidence presented, after being given instructions on the applicable law. Also called petit jury, trial jury.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To determine or declare after consideration or deliberation
Most people judged him negligent in performing his duties as a parent.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A committee that judges contestants or applicants, as in a competition or exhibition; a panel of judges.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(Informal) To have as an opinion or assumption; suppose
I judge you're right.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

To judge or evaluate by a jury
Jurying submitted samples for a crafts fair.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(Bible) To govern; rule. Used of an ancient Israelite leader.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

Intended or designed for temporary use; makeshift
A jury sail.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To form an opinion or evaluation.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

(law) A group of individuals chosen from the general population to hear and decide a case in a court of law.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To act or decide as a judge.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A group of judges in a competition.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

One who makes estimates as to worth, quality, or fitness
A good judge of used cars.
A poor judge of character.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

The audience attending the first night of a performance, whose reaction may determine whether it succeeds or fails.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(Law) A public official who hears and decides cases brought in court.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

To judge by means of a jury.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(Law) A public official who hears and decides cases or matters in a forum other than a court, such as an administrative proceeding.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

(nautical) For temporary use; applied to a temporary contrivance.
Jury mast
Jury rudder
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

One appointed to decide the winners of a contest or competition.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

For temporary use; - applied to a temporary contrivance.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A leader of the Israelites during a period of about 400 years between the death of Joshua and the accession of Saul.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A body of people, selected according to law, impaneled and sworn to inquire into and try any matter of fact, and to render their true verdict according to the evidence legally adduced. In criminal trials the number of such persons is usually twelve, but in civil cases and in grand juries it may different. See Grand jury under Grand, and Inquest.
The jury, passing on the prisoner's life.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

Judges (used with a sing. verb) See Table at Bible.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A committee for determining relative merit or awarding prizes at an exhibition or competition; as, the art jury gave him the first prize.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A public official whose duty it is to administer the law, especially by presiding over trials and rendering judgments; a justice.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A body of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A person who decides the fate of someone or something that has been called into question.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Jury

A committee appointed to judge a competition
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A person officiating at a sports event, a contest, or similar.
At a boxing match, the decision of the judges is final.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A person who evaluates something or forms an opinion.
She is a good judge of wine.
They say he is a poor judge of character considering all the unreliable friends he has made.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A shophet, a temporary leader appointed in times of crisis in ancient Israel.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(transitive) To sit in judgment on; to pass sentence on (a person or matter).
A higher power will judge you after you are dead.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(intransitive) To sit in judgment, to act as judge.
Justices in this country judge without appeal.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(transitive) To judicially rule or determine.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To sentence to punishment, to judicially condemn.
He was judged to die for his crimes.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To award judicially; to adjudge.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(transitive) To form an opinion on; to appraise.
I judge a man’s character by the cut of his suit.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To constitute a fitting appraisal or criterion of; to provide a basis for forming an opinion on.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(intransitive) To arbitrate; to pass opinion on something, especially to settle a dispute etc.
We cannot both be right: you must judge between us.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(transitive) To have as an opinion; to consider, suppose.
I judge it safe to leave the house once again.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(ambitransitive) To form an opinion; to infer.
I judge from the sky that it might rain later.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(ambitransitive) To criticize or label another person or thing.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

(ambitransitive) To govern as biblical judge or shophet (over some jurisdiction).
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between parties in courts held for that purpose.
The parts of a judge in hearing are four: to direct the evidence; to moderate length, repetition, or impertinency of speech; to recapitulate, select, and collate the material points of that which hath been said; and to give the rule or sentence.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

One who has skill, knowledge, or experience, sufficient to decide on the merits of a question, or on the quality or value of anything; one who discerns properties or relations with skill and readiness; a connoisseur; an expert; a critic.
A man who is no judge of law may be a good judge of poetry, or eloquence, or of the merits of a painting.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A person appointed to decide in a trial of skill, speed, etc., between two or more parties; an umpire; as, a judge in a horse race.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

One of the supreme magistrates, with both civil and military powers, who governed Israel for more than four hundred years.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

The title of the seventh book of the Old Testament; the Book of Judges.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To hear and determine, as in causes on trial; to decide as a judge; to give judgment; to pass sentence.
The Lord judge between thee and me.
Father, who art judgeOf all things made, and judgest only right!
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To compare facts or ideas, and perceive their relations and attributes, and thus distinguish truth from falsehood; to determine; to discern; to distinguish; to form an opinion about.
Judge not according to the appearance.
She is wise if I can judge of her.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom.
God shall judge the righteous and the wicked.
To bring my whole cause 'fore his holiness,And to be judged by him.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To arrogate judicial authority over; to sit in judgment upon; to be censorious toward.
Judge not, that ye be not judged.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To determine upon or deliberation; to esteem; to think; to reckon.
If ye have judged me to be faithful to the Lord.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

To exercise the functions of a magistrate over; to govern.
Make us a king to judge us.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A public official authorized to decide questions bought before a court of justice
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

An authority who is able to estimate worth or quality
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

Determine the result of (a competition)
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

Form an opinion of or pass judgment on;
I cannot judge some works of modern art
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

Judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time);
I estimate this chicken to weigh three pounds
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

Pronounce judgment on;
They labeled him unfit to work here
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

Put on trial or hear a case and sit as the judge at the trial of;
The football star was tried for the murder of his wife
The judge tried both father and son in separate trials
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 12, 2023

Judge

A public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law.
The Judge issued a ruling on the motion.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 28, 2023

Judge

An individual tasked with deciding or settling a question or dispute.
As the contest's Judge, she had the final say.
Harlon Moss
Oct 28, 2023

Judge

An expert who evaluates the quality or worth of something.
He served as a Judge at the wine-tasting event.
Sara Rehman
Oct 28, 2023

FAQs

Who decides the verdict in a jury trial?

The Jury decides the verdict in a jury trial.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Who provides legal instructions in a trial?

The Judge provides legal instructions to the Jury.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Who determines sentencing in a criminal trial?

The Judge often determines sentencing in criminal trials.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

How many people typically make up a Jury?

A standard Jury often consists of 12 members, though this can vary.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

How is a Jury selected?

A Jury is selected through a process called voir dire, where potential jurors are questioned.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Do Judges always have legal training?

Yes, Judges typically have legal training and experience.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Who maintains order in the courtroom?

The Judge maintains order in the courtroom.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

Can anyone serve on a Jury?

Jury members are typically selected citizens, though there are certain eligibility criteria.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

What's a bench trial?

A bench trial is where the Judge, not a Jury, determines the verdict.
Harlon Moss
Nov 19, 2023

Can a Judge dismiss a juror?

Yes, a Judge can dismiss a juror for various reasons.
Janet White
Nov 19, 2023

Can Judges give their opinions on cases?

While Judges interpret and apply the law, they must remain impartial and not express personal opinions on cases.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 19, 2023

How long can a Jury deliberate?

There's no set time limit for Jury deliberations; it varies case by case.
Janet White
Nov 19, 2023

What's a hung jury?

A hung Jury occurs when jurors can't reach a unanimous decision.
Janet White
Nov 19, 2023

Who ensures legal procedures are followed during a trial?

The Judge ensures that legal procedures are correctly followed.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 19, 2023

What is the Jury's role in determining facts?

The Jury listens to evidence and witnesses to determine factual aspects of a case.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 19, 2023

Why are Juries considered representative of the community?

Juries are drawn from the community and are meant to reflect its diverse perspectives in the justice process.
Janet White
Nov 19, 2023

Can a Judge overrule a Jury's decision?

A Judge can't change a Jury's not guilty verdict but can overturn a guilty verdict if deemed against the weight of evidence.
Janet White
Nov 19, 2023

What happens if a juror is biased?

If a juror is found to be biased, they are typically dismissed and replaced.
Janet White
Nov 19, 2023

Does a Judge participate in Jury deliberations?

No, the Judge doesn't participate in Jury deliberations.
Sara Rehman
Nov 19, 2023

Are Juries used in all types of cases?

No, Juries are typically used in criminal trials and certain civil cases.
Sara Rehman
Nov 19, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

Trending Comparisons

Popular Comparisons

New Comparisons