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Gluttony vs. Greed: What's the Difference?

By Janet White || Updated on May 23, 2024
Gluttony is the excessive consumption of food or drink, while greed is the intense desire for wealth, power, or possessions, often at the expense of others.

Key Differences

Gluttony refers to the overindulgence in eating or drinking beyond what is necessary. It is one of the seven deadly sins in Christian theology, emphasizing a lack of self-control and an obsession with food and drink. Greed, on the other hand, is an insatiable desire for more than one needs or deserves, particularly concerning wealth, power, or possessions. It also ranks among the seven deadly sins and signifies a selfish pursuit of material gain at the expense of others.
While gluttony is centered on excessive consumption and indulgence, greed is about the relentless pursuit of more, often leading to unethical actions. Both are seen as vices but affect different aspects of human behavior and morality.
Gluttony results in immediate physical satisfaction but can have negative long-term consequences for health and well-being. Greed, however, focuses on accumulating resources or power, often leading to social and ethical issues. The underlying theme in both is excess and the lack of moderation or contentment.

Comparison Chart


Excessive consumption of food or drink
Intense desire for wealth, power, or possessions


Physical indulgence
Accumulation of material or power


Overindulgence and lack of self-control
Selfishness and unethical pursuit

Associated Sin

One of the seven deadly sins
One of the seven deadly sins


Health problems, wastefulness
Ethical issues, social harm

Gluttony and Greed Definitions


Excessive eating or drinking.
His gluttony at the buffet led to a severe stomachache.


Selfish and excessive desire for something.
The CEO's greed resulted in unethical business practices.


Overindulgence in food and drink.
Gluttony can lead to obesity and other health problems.


The pursuit of more than one needs.
Her greed led her to hoard resources during the crisis.


The act of consuming more than necessary.
Her gluttony was evident as she filled her plate for the third time.


The drive to acquire wealth or power at others' expense.
Greed caused the downfall of the corrupt politician.


A lack of restraint in eating or drinking.
His gluttony during the holidays was a cause for concern.


An intense desire for wealth or possessions.
His greed drove him to manipulate the stock market.


A vice involving immoderate consumption.
The character in the play was punished for his gluttony.


A vice characterized by insatiable craving.
Greed can destroy relationships and communities.


Excess in eating or drinking.


An excessive desire to acquire or possess more than what one needs or deserves, especially with respect to material wealth
"Many ... attach to competition the stigma of selfish greed" (Henry Fawcett).


The vice of eating to excess.


A selfish or excessive desire for more than is needed or deserved, especially of money, wealth, food, or other possessions.
His greed was his undoing.


Excess in eating; extravagant indulgence of the appetite for food; voracity.
Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts.


To desire in a greedy manner, or to act on such a desire.


Habitual eating to excess


An eager desire or longing; greediness; as, a greed of gain.


Eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)


Excessive desire to acquire or possess more (especially more material wealth) than one needs or deserves


Reprehensible acquisitiveness; insatiable desire for wealth (personified as one of the deadly sins)


Can gluttony lead to health problems?

Yes, gluttony can lead to obesity and other health-related issues.

What is gluttony?

Gluttony is the excessive consumption of food or drink.

What does greed refer to?

Greed refers to an intense desire for wealth, power, or possessions.

Is greed related to material wealth only?

No, greed can also relate to the pursuit of power and other forms of excess.

Can gluttony be seen as wasteful?

Yes, gluttony is often seen as wasteful due to the overconsumption of resources.

Is gluttony a physical or moral issue?

Gluttony is primarily a physical issue with moral implications due to overindulgence.

Does greed affect social relationships?

Yes, greed can harm social relationships by fostering exploitation and unethical behavior.

Which sin is related to excessive eating?

Gluttony is the sin related to excessive eating.

How does gluttony differ from greed?

Gluttony focuses on physical overindulgence in food or drink, while greed focuses on the excessive pursuit of wealth, power, or possessions.

How is greed viewed in society?

Greed is often viewed negatively as it involves selfishness and unethical behavior.

Can gluttony be a form of addiction?

Yes, gluttony can be seen as a form of addiction to food or drink.

Is gluttony considered a vice?

Yes, gluttony is considered a vice due to its excessive nature.

Can gluttony be controlled?

Yes, with self-discipline and moderation, gluttony can be controlled.

Does greed always involve money?

No, greed can involve power, possessions, and other forms of material or non-material gain.

Does greed lead to unethical behavior?

Yes, greed often leads to unethical behavior as individuals pursue their desires at the expense of others.

Are there positive aspects to greed?

Generally, greed is viewed negatively, though some argue a certain drive for success can be beneficial if kept in check.

Can gluttony have long-term consequences?

Yes, long-term consequences of gluttony include health issues and wastefulness.

Can gluttony and greed coexist in a person?

Yes, a person can exhibit both gluttony and greed, as both involve a lack of self-control and desire for excess.

Is greed inherently harmful?

Yes, greed is inherently harmful due to its selfish and exploitative nature.

Is greed one of the seven deadly sins?

Yes, greed is one of the seven deadly sins.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

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