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Gardening vs. Landscaping: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Published on January 15, 2024
Gardening involves cultivating plants for their beauty and utility; landscaping is designing outdoor spaces for aesthetic and functional harmony.

Key Differences

Gardening focuses on the care and cultivation of plants, emphasizing the nurturing of flowers, vegetables, and fruits. Landscaping, in contrast, encompasses a broader design aspect, incorporating the layout of a space, selection of plants, and structural features like pathways.
In gardening, the primary attention is given to the health and growth of plants, using techniques like pruning, weeding, and watering. Landscaping involves a wider scope, including the arrangement of plants and structures to create an aesthetically pleasing environment.
Gardening often represents a personal or hobbyist endeavor, driven by a passion for growing and nurturing plants. Landscaping, however, is typically a professional service focused on designing, creating, and maintaining outdoor spaces.
The tools and skills required for gardening are centered around plant care, such as soil preparation, planting, and pest control. Landscaping demands a diverse skill set, including design principles, horticultural knowledge, and construction skills for implementing features like patios or fountains.
Gardening can be seen as a component of landscaping. While gardening focuses on the plants themselves, landscaping considers the broader picture of how those plants fit into the overall design of a space.

Comparison Chart


Plant cultivation
Design and layout of outdoor spaces


Often smaller, personal spaces
Can include large, public or private areas


Plant care and growth
Design, construction, and horticulture


Aesthetic and utility of plants
Overall aesthetic and functional harmony


Gardening tools like shears, trowels
Includes design software, construction tools

Gardening and Landscaping Definitions


Gardening involves the care of plants for food, beauty, or utility.
His gardening efforts resulted in a bountiful vegetable harvest.


Landscaping involves the art of designing outdoor spaces for aesthetic and practical purposes.
Effective landscaping can significantly increase a property's curb appeal.


Gardening is the activity of tending and nurturing a garden.
Gardening brought her peace, as she nurtured each plant with love.


Landscaping includes planning, designing, and managing open spaces to create environmental and aesthetic outcomes.
Landscaping our school grounds involved planting trees and creating recreational areas.


Gardening is the practice of growing and cultivating plants.
She spent her weekends gardening, tending to her roses and herbs.


Landscaping is the creation and maintenance of functional and visually appealing outdoor environments.
Through landscaping, he turned the dull yard into a serene outdoor retreat.


Gardening encompasses the cultivation of a piece of land for plant growth.
Through gardening, he transformed the barren land into a lush garden.


Landscaping is the process of making an area of land more attractive by altering the design and planting.
They hired a professional for landscaping their backyard.


Gardening is the art of cultivating plants in an organized and aesthetic manner.
She considered gardening an art form, evident in her beautifully arranged flower beds.


Landscaping is the art and practice of designing the outdoor environment, including aspects like plants and terrain.
The landscaping project involved creating a water feature and a rock garden.


A plot of land used for the cultivation of flowers, vegetables, herbs, or fruit.


Improved land (trees, gardens, leveled ground, etc).


An arrangement of living material that is cultivated for food, as a fungus garden maintained by ants.


The act of improving a landscape.


Present participle of landscape


Working as a landscape gardner.


Working as a landscape gardner


A garden laid out for esthetic effect;
They spent a great deal of money on the landscaping


Do you need professional training for gardening?

While professional training can be beneficial, many people successfully engage in gardening as a hobby without formal training.

Can gardening be therapeutic?

Yes, many find gardening to be a relaxing and therapeutic activity.

Can landscaping increase property value?

Yes, effective landscaping can significantly enhance a property's aesthetic appeal and increase its market value.

What is the primary goal of gardening?

The primary goal of gardening is to cultivate plants for their beauty, food, or utility.

How does landscaping affect outdoor living spaces?

Landscaping can transform outdoor living spaces into functional and enjoyable areas.

Is landscaping environmentally beneficial?

Yes, sustainable landscaping can provide environmental benefits like improved air quality and natural habitat creation.

Does landscaping require ongoing maintenance?

Yes, to keep outdoor spaces looking their best, ongoing maintenance is essential.

What are the key elements of landscaping?

Key elements include plant selection, terrain shaping, and the incorporation of man-made structures.

How often should you garden?

The frequency depends on the types of plants and the climate, but regular attention is usually necessary.

Can landscaping help with energy efficiency?

Yes, strategically placed trees and shrubs can provide shade and wind protection, improving energy efficiency.

Are there eco-friendly landscaping practices?

Yes, using native plants, organic methods, and water-efficient designs are eco-friendly practices.

Can gardening be a family activity?

Absolutely, gardening can be a fun and educational activity for the whole family.

Is gardening an expensive hobby?

Gardening can be adapted to various budgets, from low-cost home projects to more expensive endeavors.

Can gardening be done in small spaces?

Yes, container gardening and vertical gardens are great options for small spaces.

What is the difference between hardscaping and landscaping?

Hardscaping refers to the non-living elements in landscaping, like stone paths or patios.

What are some environmental considerations in gardening?

Considerations include using native plants, conserving water, and avoiding harmful chemicals.

Is gardening beneficial for wildlife?

Yes, gardens can provide habitat and food sources for wildlife.

What factors influence landscaping design?

Factors include the climate, terrain, existing structures, and the desired aesthetic.

What are some common landscaping styles?

Common styles include formal, informal, Japanese, Mediterranean, and xeriscaping.

How does seasonality affect gardening?

Seasonality influences what can be planted and when, as well as maintenance practices.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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