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Farm vs. Plantation: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sumera Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Updated on October 7, 2023
A farm is a land area for producing food and may involve various crops or animals; a plantation is larger, often monocultural, and historically linked with colonial or exploitative practices.

Key Differences

A farm is generally understood to be a parcel of land devoted to agricultural processes which might encompass various types of crops and animals. The farm doesn’t adhere strictly to the type or number of products it produces. The farm emphasizes agriculture but does not dictate a specific scale, crop, or historical context.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023
Plantations are often significantly larger than farms and typically engage in monoculture, meaning they focus on the mass production of a single crop, such as sugar, tea, or cotton. The plantation model, with its large-scale production, often employs a larger labor force and has historically been linked to exploitative practices, including slave and indentured labor.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023
In a farm, diversification is a notable characteristic. Many farms will include different crops and may also incorporate various animals, thus offering a diverse agricultural environment. The farm model is often associated with family ownership and smaller-scale operations, even though this is not a strict rule and farms can be quite extensive.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023
Contrastingly, plantations, with their substantial, specialized crop production, generally need vast land areas to cultivate and harvest their singular (or primary) crop. A plantation usually requires a structured management and labor system due to its size and the volume of its yield, which distinctively sets it apart from smaller, more varied farms.
Harlon Moss
Oct 06, 2023
The economic and social implications between farms and plantations also tend to differ. Farms, especially smaller, family-run entities, might focus on local or regional markets and can employ or be run by family members. Plantations, with their larger yield and monocultural focus, often target broader, even international markets, and frequently involve a hierarchical structure and sizable non-family labor force.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Size

Can be varied, from small to large.
Typically large-scale operations.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Crop Diversity

May involve various crops and animals.
Usually monocultural, focused on a single crop.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Labor & Management

Often family-owned, may employ a smaller workforce.
Generally involves a larger, structured workforce.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Economic Focus

Can be localized or broad, depending on size.
Often targeted towards broad or international market.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Historical Connotation

Generally neutral or positive.
Can carry negative connotations due to historical exploitation.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 06, 2023
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Farm and Plantation Definitions

Farm

An area of land for growing crops or rearing animals.
Our farm produces corn, wheat, and has a few dairy cows.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Plantation

A large estate or farm that primarily cultivates a specific crop.
The plantation produces sugarcane for international export.
Janet White
Oct 06, 2023

Farm

To cultivate and produce a particular crop or product.
They farm olives and make olive oil for export.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Plantation

An area seeded with trees.
The organization established a new tree plantation to aid reforestation.
Sara Rehman
Oct 06, 2023

Farm

A tract of land cultivated for the purpose of agricultural production.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A colonial settlement.
The British established a plantation in Ireland in the 16th century.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Farm

A tract of land devoted to the raising and breeding of domestic animals.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A group or cluster of trees or plants.
A plantation of pine trees bordered the property.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 06, 2023

Farm

An area of water devoted to the raising, breeding, or production of a specific aquatic animal
A trout farm.
An oyster farm.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

An area under cultivation.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A facility for the generation of energy by converting it from a particular source, usually by means of multiple electric generators
A wind farm.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A group of cultivated trees or plants.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A place where a group of similar devices or storage containers are set up
A tank farm.
A server farm.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A large estate or farm on which crops are raised, often by resident workers.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(Baseball) A minor-league club affiliated with a major-league club for the training of recruits and the maintenance of temporarily unneeded players.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A newly established settlement; a colony.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

The system of leasing out the rights of collecting and retaining taxes in a certain district.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A large farm; estate or area of land designated for agricultural growth. Often includes housing for the owner and workers.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A district so leased.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

An area where trees are planted, either for commercial purposes, or to adorn an estate.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To cultivate or produce a crop on (land).
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

(historical) The importation of large numbers of workers and soldiers to displace the local population, such as in medieval Ireland and in the Americas; colonization.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To cultivate, breed, or raise (plants or animals).
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

(historical) A colony established thus.
Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (former official name of Rhode Island, United States)
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To pay a fixed sum in order to have the right to collect and retain profits from (a business, for example).
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

The act or practice of planting, or setting in the earth for growth.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To turn over (a business, for example) to another in return for the payment of a fixed sum.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

The place planted; land brought under cultivation; a piece of ground planted with trees or useful plants; esp., in the United States and West Indies, a large estate appropriated to the production of the more important crops, and cultivated by laborers who live on the estate; as, a cotton plantation; a coffee plantation.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To engage in farming.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

An original settlement in a new country; a colony.
While these plantations were forming in Connecticut.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A place where agricultural and similar activities take place, especially the growing of crops or the raising of livestock.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

An estate where cash crops are grown on a large scale (especially in tropical areas)
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A tract of land held on lease for the purpose of cultivation.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A newly established colony (especially in the colonization of North America);
The practice of sending convicted criminals to serve on the Plantations was common in the 17th century
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A location used for an industrial purpose, having many similar structures.
Antenna farm; fuel farm; solar farm; wind farm
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

Garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(computing) A group of coordinated servers.
A render farm
A server farm
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Plantation

A large agricultural estate specializing in one crop.
The cotton plantation relied on the labor of enslaved individuals in the 18th century.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 06, 2023

Farm

(obsolete) Food; provisions; a meal.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(obsolete) A banquet; feast.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(obsolete) A fixed yearly amount (food, provisions, money, etc.) payable as rent or tax.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(historical) A fixed yearly sum accepted from a person as a composition for taxes or other moneys which he is empowered to collect; also, a fixed charge imposed on a town, county, etc., in respect of a tax or taxes to be collected within its limits.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(historical) The letting-out of public revenue to a ‘farmer’; the privilege of farming a tax or taxes.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

The body of farmers of public revenues.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

The condition of being let at a fixed rent; lease; a lease.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(historical) A baby farm.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(intransitive) To work on a farm, especially in the growing and harvesting of crops.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(transitive) To devote (land) to farming.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

(transitive) To grow (a particular crop).
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; to farm out.
To farm the taxes
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To lease or let for an equivalent, e.g. land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To take at a certain rent or rate.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To engage in grinding (repetitive activity) in a particular area or against specific enemies for a particular drop or item.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To cleanse; clean out; put in order; empty; empty out
Farm out the stable and pigsty.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

The rent of land, - originally paid by reservation of part of its products.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

The term or tenure of a lease of land for cultivation; a leasehold.
It is great willfulness in landlords to make any longer farms to their tenants.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

The land held under lease and by payment of rent for the purpose of cultivation.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

Any tract of land devoted to agricultural purposes, under the management of a tenant or the owner.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A district of country leased (or farmed) out for the collection of the revenues of government.
The province was devided into twelve farms.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A lease of the imposts on particular goods; as, the sugar farm, the silk farm.
Whereas G. H. held the farm of sugars upon a rent of 10,000 marks per annum.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To lease or let for an equivalent, as land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.
We are enforced to farm our royal realm.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; as, to farm the taxes.
To farm their subjects and their duties toward these.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To take at a certain rent or rate.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To devote (land) to agriculture; to cultivate, as land; to till, as a farm.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

To engage in the business of tilling the soil; to labor as a farmer.
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

Workplace consisting of farm buildings and cultivated land as a unit;
It takes several people to work the farm
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

Be a farmer; work as a farmer;
My son is farming in California
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

Collect fees or profits
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

Cultivate by growing, often involving improvements by means of agricultural techniques;
The Bordeaux region produces great red wines
They produce good ham in Parma
We grow wheat here
We raise hogs here
Sawaira Riaz
Feb 11, 2023

Farm

A facility for particular purposes.
A fish farm facilitates the breeding of various fish species.
Janet White
Oct 06, 2023

Farm

To allocate a task to someone.
The company farms out IT tasks to a local service provider.
Harlon Moss
Oct 06, 2023

Farm

To engage in a focused, often repetitive action, usually in gaming contexts.
He farms gold coins in the online game by defeating the same creature repeatedly.
Sara Rehman
Oct 06, 2023

FAQs

What is a farm?

A farm is a tract of land used for agricultural purposes to produce food, such as crops and livestock.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

Are all farms rural?

While most farms are in rural areas, urban farming is also practiced in city environments.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 07, 2023

Is a farmer’s market related to a farm?

Yes, farmer’s markets often feature produce directly from local farms.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

What is farm-to-table?

It refers to a movement where restaurants source ingredients directly from local farms.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 07, 2023

What is a “farmhouse”?

A farmhouse is a residence located on a farm, often where the farmer lives.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

What defines a plantation?

A plantation is typically a large-scale estate specializing in the production of a specific crop.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 07, 2023

What are common types of farms?

Common types include dairy farms, crop farms, and poultry farms, each specializing in respective produce.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

Can a farm be of any size?

Yes, farms can vary widely in size, from small family operations to large corporate farms.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

Can "farm" be used as a verb?

Yes, "farm" can be a verb, meaning to cultivate land and raise livestock.
Janet White
Oct 07, 2023

Is a farm only for commercial production?

No, farms can also be for personal use, producing food primarily for the farmer’s family.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 07, 2023

Are there different farming methods?

Yes, such as organic farming, conventional farming, and vertical farming.
Harlon Moss
Oct 07, 2023

Is a plantation always large?

Generally yes, plantations are notably large, focusing on mono-cropping on a large scale.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

Can a plantation exist in any climate?

No, plantations typically exist where their specific crop can grow best.
Janet White
Oct 07, 2023

Why is "plantation" sometimes viewed negatively?

Historically, plantations are often associated with slavery and exploitative labor practices.
Aimie Carlson
Oct 07, 2023

Can "plantation" refer to trees?

Yes, it can refer to large estates of particular trees, like a rubber plantation.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

What crops are commonly associated with plantations?

Sugarcane, cotton, and rubber are often associated with plantations.
Sawaira Riaz
Oct 07, 2023

Are plantations involved in global trade?

Yes, historically and presently, plantation crops are often significant in global trade.
Sara Rehman
Oct 07, 2023

What is a plantation economy?

It's an economy based on agricultural mass production, typically of a few commodity crops.
Sara Rehman
Oct 07, 2023

Is a plantation managed differently than a farm?

Often yes, due to its size and single-crop focus, plantations commonly have structured hierarchical management.
Janet White
Oct 07, 2023

Is a plantation always for commercial use?

Typically, yes, plantations are designed for large-scale, commercial crop production.
Sara Rehman
Oct 07, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.

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