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Euphoria vs. Mania: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Updated on October 4, 2023
Euphoria is an intense feeling of happiness or elation, while mania is an overly excited or obsessive interest, often linked to mental disorders.

Key Differences

Euphoria and Mania are both states of heightened emotional intensity. Euphoria refers to a profound sense of well-being, pleasure, or happiness, often short-lived. Mania, on the other hand, is a sustained state of hyperactivity, heightened mood, and often irrational enthusiasm, commonly associated with certain mental disorders.
Experiencing euphoria is akin to the highest points of joy, contentment, or pleasure a person might feel. It can be spontaneous or result from specific events or substances. Mania is a more prolonged state, where an individual might display excessive energy, reduced need for sleep, and even delusional thinking.
It is crucial to differentiate between these two states in a clinical context. Euphoria is generally seen as a positive and natural emotional response to particular stimuli or achievements. In contrast, mania is often indicative of an underlying mental health issue, such as bipolar disorder.
Euphoria can be caused by various factors, such as achievements, falling in love, or even certain drugs. It's a heightened state but doesn't necessarily impair judgment or rational thinking. Mania is more encompassing and can lead to impulsive behaviors, racing thoughts, and even a detachment from reality.
While euphoria might make someone feel on top of the world for a moment, it is transient and fades. Mania, however, persists and can drastically impact a person's daily functioning, often requiring medical intervention or therapy to manage.

Comparison Chart


Short-lived intense happiness or pleasure
Sustained hyperactivity and heightened mood


Can be prolonged

Associated With

Positive events, achievements, or stimuli
Mental disorders like bipolar disorder

Effect on Judgment

Generally doesn't impair judgment
Can impair judgment and lead to impulsive actions


Achievements, love, certain drugs
Often a symptom of an underlying mental condition

Euphoria and Mania Definitions


A feeling of intense happiness.
Winning the lottery brought an unexpected euphoria.


A mental condition marked by hyperactivity and elevated mood.
He was diagnosed with bipolar disorder during a mania episode.


A heightened emotional state of pleasure.
The music gave the crowd a collective euphoria.


A mood disorder with heightened emotions and energy.
She is seeking treatment to manage her mania.


Transient elation often due to stimuli or achievements.
The team's victory created a euphoria among the fans.


An excessive enthusiasm or obsession.
She has a mania for collecting rare stamps.


An overwhelming sense of well-being.
After her first marathon, she was in a state of euphoria.


Exaggerated excitement or restlessness.
Black Friday shopping can induce a mania in some consumers.


A feeling of great happiness or well-being.


A state causing impulsive behavior and racing thoughts.
During his mania, he made several impromptu purchases.


An excited state of joy; a feeling of intense happiness.
The runner was in (a state of) absolute euphoria after winning his first marathon.


An excessively intense enthusiasm, interest, or desire
A mania for neatness.
A dance mania.


(LGBT) gender euphoria


(Psychiatry) An abnormal psychological state characterized by symptoms such as elation, high energy and activity level, racing thoughts, irritability, and rapid speech, typically occurring in people with bipolar disorder.


A strong pleasant feeling of well-being or happiness; it is often caused by attainment of a desired goal or other incident of accomplishment, but may irrationally accompany a pathological manic state.


Violent derangement of mind; madness; insanity.


A feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation


Excessive or unreasonable desire; insane passion affecting one or many people; fanaticism.


A profound sense of contentment.
Meditation often leads him to a place of euphoria.


(psychiatry) The state of abnormally elevated or irritable mood, arousal, and/or energy levels.


Violent derangement of mind; madness; insanity. Cf. Delirium.


Excessive or unreasonable desire; insane passion affecting one or many people; as, the tulip mania.


An irrational but irresistible motive for a belief or action


A mood disorder; an affective disorder in which the victim tends to respond excessively and sometimes violently


Is euphoria always a positive feeling?

Generally, yes. It denotes intense happiness or pleasure.

Can someone feel euphoria without any specific reason?

Yes, it can sometimes occur spontaneously.

Is mania always harmful?

Not always, but it can lead to irrational or impulsive actions.

Does mania always relate to mental disorders?

Often, yes, especially in clinical contexts like bipolar disorder.

Can mania lead to risky behaviors?

Yes, impulsivity is a common trait in mania.

Are there medical treatments for mania?

Yes, treatments like therapy and medication can help manage mania.

Can drugs induce euphoria?

Yes, some drugs can cause feelings of euphoria.

How long does mania typically last?

It varies, but mania can be sustained for a prolonged period.

Can mania affect one's sleep pattern?

Yes, individuals experiencing mania often have a reduced need for sleep.

Can meditation induce euphoria?

Some individuals report feelings of euphoria during or after meditation.

Is euphoria a symptom of any mental conditions?

While it can be induced by substances or events, it's not typically a symptom of a mental disorder like mania can be.

How would one differentiate between euphoria and happiness?

Euphoria is a more intense and often short-lived state compared to general happiness.

Can achievements induce euphoria?

Yes, significant achievements can lead to feelings of euphoria.

Are there specific triggers for mania?

Triggers can vary, but stress or significant life changes can contribute to mania.

Is euphoria ever used in a negative context?

Typically, no. It generally denotes positive feelings.

Is euphoria a long-lasting state?

Generally, no. Euphoria is often transient and fades after a while.

Is there a "manic phase" in bipolar disorder?

Yes, bipolar disorder has depressive and manic phases.

Is mania the opposite of depression?

Not exactly, but in bipolar disorder, mania is the elevated phase compared to the depressive phase.

Can mania be triggered by drug use?

Yes, certain drugs can trigger or exacerbate mania.

How common is euphoria?

It varies among individuals and situations, but most people experience euphoria at some points in their lives.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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