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ETEC vs. EHEC: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Published on February 7, 2024
ETEC (Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli) causes traveler's diarrhea, while EHEC (Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli) leads to bloody diarrhea and can cause severe kidney damage.

Key Differences

ETEC, known for causing traveler's diarrhea, operates by producing toxins leading to intestinal fluid secretion. EHEC, on the other hand, causes bloody diarrhea and can lead to hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), potentially causing kidney damage.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024
ETEC infections are typically marked by watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and nausea but are usually self-limiting. EHEC infections are more severe, characterized by painful bloody diarrhea, and in severe cases, kidney failure.
Huma Saeed
Feb 07, 2024
ETEC is a common cause of diarrhea in low- and middle-income countries and among travelers to these areas. EHEC, particularly the O157:H7 strain, is often associated with contaminated food products in developed countries.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024
Treatment for ETEC generally involves hydration and antibiotics in severe cases. EHEC infections, however, require careful medical intervention due to the risk of HUS, and antibiotics may worsen the condition.
Janet White
Feb 07, 2024
ETEC transmission is primarily through contaminated food and water. EHEC transmission is also through contaminated food, particularly undercooked meat and unpasteurized milk products.
Harlon Moss
Feb 07, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Primary Symptoms

Watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps
Bloody diarrhea, possible kidney damage
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

Severity of Infection

Usually mild and self-limiting
Can be severe, leading to HUS
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

Common Sources of Infection

Contaminated food and water in various regions
Contaminated food, especially in developed countries
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

Treatment

Hydration, sometimes antibiotics
Careful medical management, avoid antibiotics
Janet White
Feb 07, 2024

Association

Traveler's diarrhea in low-income regions
Foodborne outbreaks, often in developed countries
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024
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ETEC and EHEC Definitions

ETEC

ETEC transmission occurs through contaminated food and water.
Poor sanitation practices can lead to ETEC outbreaks.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 06, 2024

EHEC

EHEC is associated with foodborne outbreaks.
Contaminated spinach was the source of an EHEC outbreak.
Harlon Moss
Jan 06, 2024

ETEC

ETEC is a bacteria causing traveler's diarrhea.
After drinking contaminated water, she contracted ETEC.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 06, 2024

EHEC

EHEC requires careful medical management.
Treating EHEC involves monitoring kidney function and hydration.
Harlon Moss
Jan 06, 2024

ETEC

ETEC leads to intestinal fluid secretion.
The toxins released by ETEC caused severe dehydration.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 06, 2024

EHEC

EHEC is often linked to contaminated food products.
An EHEC outbreak was traced back to undercooked hamburgers.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 06, 2024

ETEC

ETEC infections are usually self-limiting.
The ETEC infection resolved without the need for antibiotics.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 06, 2024

EHEC

EHEC causes bloody diarrhea and can lead to kidney damage.
The patient with EHEC was hospitalized for kidney complications.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 06, 2024

ETEC

ETEC is common in low- and middle-income countries.
He developed ETEC symptoms while traveling in Asia.
Janet White
Jan 06, 2024

EHEC

EHEC infection can result in hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS).
Children are particularly at risk of developing HUS from EHEC.
Huma Saeed
Jan 06, 2024

FAQs

What does ETEC stand for?

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

What are the symptoms of EHEC?

Bloody diarrhea and potential kidney damage.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

How is EHEC commonly contracted?

By consuming contaminated food.
Janet White
Feb 07, 2024

Is ETEC usually severe?

It's typically mild and self-limiting.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 07, 2024

What is the main treatment for ETEC?

Hydration and sometimes antibiotics.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 07, 2024

How is EHEC treated?

With careful medical management, avoiding antibiotics.
Harlon Moss
Feb 07, 2024

What are common symptoms of ETEC?

Watery diarrhea and abdominal cramps.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

How is ETEC typically contracted?

Through contaminated food and water.
Janet White
Feb 07, 2024

Can EHEC lead to serious complications?

Yes, like hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS).
Aimie Carlson
Feb 07, 2024

What does EHEC stand for?

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli.
Huma Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

Is ETEC contagious?

It can spread through fecal-oral contamination.
Janet White
Feb 07, 2024

Can EHEC be fatal?

In severe cases, it can be.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

Where is ETEC most common?

In low- and middle-income countries.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 07, 2024

Where are EHEC outbreaks more common?

Often in developed countries.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

What foods are commonly linked to EHEC?

Undercooked meat and unpasteurized products.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

Why are antibiotics not recommended for EHEC?

They can increase the risk of HUS.
Sumera Saeed
Feb 07, 2024

Can ETEC lead to dehydration?

Yes, due to severe diarrhea.
Harlon Moss
Feb 07, 2024

Is EHEC associated with kidney failure?

It can be, especially in severe cases.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 07, 2024

Are travelers at risk of ETEC?

Yes, particularly in regions with poor sanitation.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 07, 2024

Should antibiotics be used for ETEC?

Sometimes, in severe cases.
Aimie Carlson
Feb 07, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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