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Enmity vs. Hatred: What's the Difference?

Edited by Janet White || By Harlon Moss || Published on December 28, 2023
Enmity refers to hostility often long-standing; Hatred refers to intense dislike or animosity.

Key Differences

Enmity often implies a deep-seated, often mutual hostility, potentially lasting generations or stemming from deep personal or historical grievances. Hatred, on the other hand, is a more intense and personal feeling of extreme dislike or aversion, often toward a person or thing.
Enmity can exist between groups, such as rival factions or nations, where the hostility is more about collective attitudes rather than personal feelings. Hatred is typically more personal and intense, focused on a specific target and stemming from deeper personal emotions.
Enmity may not always be actively hostile; it can manifest as a sustained, underlying animosity or opposition. Hatred is usually more active and passionate, potentially leading to aggressive thoughts or actions.
The root of enmity often lies in long-standing issues, conflicts, or ideological differences, making it more about enduring opposition. Hatred can be triggered by personal experiences, prejudices, or deep-seated anger, making it more emotionally charged.
Enmity may be expressed through actions like rivalry, competition, or avoidance. Hatred, however, often leads to more extreme actions or expressions, driven by a deeper loathing or disgust.

Comparison Chart


Often mutual and long-standing
Intensely personal and emotional

Common Causes

Historical grievances, ideological differences
Personal experiences, prejudices


Less intense, more enduring
More intense, often passionate


Rivalry, competition, avoidance
Aggressive actions, loathing


Groups, factions, nations
Individuals, specific entities

Enmity and Hatred Definitions


Deep-seated hostility, often mutual.
The two families' enmity stretched back generations.


Intense dislike or animosity.
His hatred for injustice drove him to become an activist.


Long-standing bitterness or resentment.
The enmity between the two nations was a result of years of conflict.


An emotional state of strong dislike or disgust.
The hatred in his eyes was unmistakable during the confrontation.


A feeling of opposition or animosity.
His enmity towards his rival was evident in every competition.


Deep-seated anger and hostility towards something or someone.
His hatred for his former friend turned into a lifelong grudge.


Hostile or antagonistic attitude.
There was a clear enmity in his tone when he spoke of his adversary.


A strong feeling of aversion or repugnance.
She felt a deep hatred towards the corrupt system.


A state of being enemies.
The enmity between the two groups prevented any form of dialogue.


Loathing or detestation.
Her hatred of the crime was evident in her passionate speeches.


Deep-seated, often mutual hatred.


Intense animosity or hostility.


A feeling or state of hatred or animosity
"More than almost any public man I have ever met, he has avoided exciting personal enmities" (Theodore Roosevelt).


Strong aversion; intense dislike.


The quality of being an enemy; hostile or unfriendly disposition.


Strong aversion; intense dislike; hate; an affection of the mind awakened by something regarded as evil.


A state or feeling of opposition, hostility, hatred or animosity.


The emotion of hate; a feeling of dislike so strong that it demands action


The quality of being an enemy; hostile or unfriendly disposition.
No ground of enmity between us known.


A state of opposition; hostility.
The friendship of the world is enmity with God.


A state of deep-seated ill-will


The feeling of a hostile person;
He could no longer contain his hostility


Can enmity be mutual?

Yes, enmity often involves mutual feelings of hostility.

Is hatred always directed at individuals?

Hatred can be directed at individuals, concepts, or entities.

Can enmity be unspoken?

Yes, enmity can manifest as an underlying animosity without overt expression.

What is hatred?

An intense feeling of dislike or animosity.

Is enmity always visible?

No, it can be internal or not openly displayed.

Does hatred require personal experience?

Often, but not always; hatred can also stem from learned attitudes or beliefs.

What is enmity?

A deep-seated hostility, often long-standing or mutual.

Can hatred be justified?

This is subjective and depends on personal or societal beliefs and values.

Can enmity change over time?

Yes, enmity can diminish or escalate depending on circumstances.

Is enmity always negative?

Generally, yes, as it implies hostility and opposition.

Does enmity imply action?

Not necessarily; it can exist as a passive state of opposition.

Can enmity be inherited?

While not genetically, enmity can be culturally or socially inherited.

Is hatred a choice?

It can be, though often it's a reaction influenced by various factors.

Can hatred be overcome?

Yes, through understanding, empathy, and personal growth.

What triggers hatred?

Personal experiences, injustice, fear, or prejudices can trigger hatred.

Is hatred always intense?

Hatred is typically intense, but its levels can vary.

Can enmity exist without direct conflict?

Yes, it can exist as a sustained opposition without direct confrontation.

Does hatred impact mental health?

Yes, sustained hatred can negatively affect mental and emotional well-being.

Can enmity be resolved?

Yes, through dialogue, understanding, and reconciliation efforts.

How does hatred affect relationships?

Hatred can severely damage or end personal and communal relationships.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

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