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Earth vs. Venus: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on January 16, 2024
Earth is the third planet from the Sun with a diverse climate and abundant life, while Venus, the second planet, is known for its extreme temperatures and dense, toxic atmosphere.

Key Differences

Earth, our home planet, supports a vast range of life forms due to its moderate temperatures and presence of water, whereas Venus, often called Earth's 'twin', is inhospitable with a thick atmosphere mainly composed of carbon dioxide.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024
Earth's atmosphere, rich in nitrogen and oxygen, is essential for life, contrasting with Venus's dense atmosphere that creates a severe greenhouse effect, leading to surface temperatures hot enough to melt lead.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024
Earth has a protective magnetic field that shields it from harmful solar radiation, while Venus lacks a significant magnetic field, leaving it exposed to solar winds and radiation.
Huma Saeed
Jan 16, 2024
The Earth's surface is dynamic, featuring oceans, continents, and a variety of ecosystems, unlike Venus, whose surface is dry, rocky, and marked by numerous volcanoes and a lack of water.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024
Earth's rotation leads to a 24-hour day/night cycle, while Venus has an extremely slow rotation, making a day on Venus longer than its year.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 16, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Position in Solar System

Third planet from the Sun
Second planet from the Sun
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

Atmosphere Composition

78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, 1% other gases
96% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

Surface Temperature

Ranges from -88°C to 58°C (-126°F to 136°F)
Average around 465°C (869°F)
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

Presence of Water

Abundant water, oceans cover 71% of surface
No liquid water, extremely dry
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

Day Length

About 24 hours
About 243 Earth days
Janet White
Jan 16, 2024
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Earth and Venus Definitions

Earth

Earth is the only known planet to support life.
Scientists search for Earth-like planets in hopes of finding life.
Harlon Moss
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Venus is known for its extreme surface temperatures and pressure.
The surface of Venus can melt lead.
Huma Saeed
Dec 10, 2023

Earth

Earth is known as the 'Blue Planet' due to its abundant water.
Earth's surface is mostly covered by oceans.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Venus rotates in the opposite direction to most planets.
A day on Venus is longer than its year.
Harlon Moss
Dec 10, 2023

Earth

Earth's atmosphere is protective and life-sustaining.
Earth's atmosphere filters harmful solar radiation.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Venus is sometimes called Earth's 'twin' due to its similar size.
Despite being Earth's twin, Venus is vastly different in terms of environment.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 10, 2023

Earth

Earth has a diverse range of ecosystems and climates.
From tropical rainforests to polar ice caps, Earth's climates vary greatly.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Venus is the second planet from the Sun in our solar system.
Venus is often visible from Earth as a bright object in the sky.
Harlon Moss
Dec 10, 2023

Earth

Earth is the third planet from the Sun in our solar system.
The Earth orbits the Sun once every 365 days.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Venus has a dense atmosphere composed mostly of carbon dioxide.
Venus's thick atmosphere creates a strong greenhouse effect.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Earth

The land surface of the world.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Roman Mythology The goddess of love and beauty.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Earth

The softer, friable part of land; soil, especially productive soil.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

The second planet from the sun, having an average radius of 6,052 kilometers (3,761 miles), a mass 0.82 times that of Earth, and a sidereal period of revolution about the sun of 224.7 days at a mean distance of approximately 108.2 million kilometers (67.2 million miles).
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Any of the bivalve molluscs in the genus Venus or family Veneridae.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

The goddess of beauty and love, that is, beauty or love deified.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

One of the planets, the second in order from the sun, its orbit lying between that of Mercury and that of the Earth, at a mean distance from the sun of about 67,000,000 miles. Its diameter is 7,700 miles, and its sidereal period 224.7 days. As the morning star, it was called by the ancients Lucifer; as the evening star, Hesperus.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

The metal copper; - probably so designated from the ancient use of the metal in making mirrors, a mirror being still the astronomical symbol of the planet Venus.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve shells of the genus Venus or family Veneridæ. Many of these shells are large, and ornamented with beautiful frills; others are smooth, glossy, and handsomely colored. Some of the larger species, as the round clam, or quahog, are valued for food.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

The second nearest planet to the sun; visible as an early `morning star' or an `evening star'; rotates slowly clockwise (in the opposite direction from the normal rotation of the planets);
Before it was known that they were the same object the evening star was called Venus and the morning star was called Lucifer
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Goddess of love; counterpart of Greek Aphrodite
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

Venus

Type genus of the family Veneridae: genus of edible clams with thick oval shells
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 10, 2023

FAQs

How far is Earth from the Sun?

Earth is about 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) from the Sun.
Huma Saeed
Jan 16, 2024

What is the average temperature on Earth?

The average global temperature on Earth is around 15°C (59°F).
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

How long does it take for Earth to orbit the Sun?

It takes Earth about 365.25 days to orbit the Sun.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

What makes Earth unique in the solar system?

Earth is unique for its life-supporting environment, water presence, and diverse ecosystems.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

How far is Venus from the Sun?

Venus is about 67 million miles (108 million kilometers) from the Sun.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 16, 2024

Does Venus have any moons?

No, Venus does not have any natural satellites or moons.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 16, 2024

What is the surface temperature of Venus?

The surface temperature averages around 465°C (869°F).
Harlon Moss
Jan 16, 2024

How does Earth's magnetic field protect it?

The magnetic field shields Earth from harmful solar and cosmic radiation.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

Can humans live on Venus?

Venus's extreme conditions make it currently uninhabitable for humans.
Janet White
Jan 16, 2024

Does Earth have any natural satellites?

Yes, Earth has one natural satellite, the Moon.
Janet White
Jan 16, 2024

What is the atmosphere of Earth made of?

Earth's atmosphere consists mainly of nitrogen, oxygen, and trace gases.
Janet White
Jan 16, 2024

Is there water on Venus?

Venus does not have liquid water; its surface is extremely dry.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

What is Venus known for?

Venus is known for its extreme temperatures, thick atmosphere, and surface pressure.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

What are the similarities between Earth and Venus?

Both are rocky planets and similar in size and mass.
Harlon Moss
Jan 16, 2024

Are there any missions planned to Venus?

Various space agencies have proposed missions to study Venus further.
Janet White
Jan 16, 2024

How is Venus's rotation unique?

Venus rotates in the opposite direction to most planets and very slowly.
Harlon Moss
Jan 16, 2024

Why is Venus so hot?

Venus is hot due to its thick atmosphere and the greenhouse effect.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024

What causes seasons on Earth?

Earth's tilt and orbit around the Sun cause seasonal changes.
Janet White
Jan 16, 2024

Can we see Venus from Earth?

Yes, Venus is often visible from Earth, known as the 'morning star' or 'evening star.'
Harlon Moss
Jan 16, 2024

What is the biggest difference between Earth's and Venus's atmosphere?

Earth's atmosphere is life-sustaining, while Venus's is dense and toxic.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 16, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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