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Dog vs. Fox: What's the Difference?

Edited by Janet White || By Harlon Moss || Published on January 27, 2024
Dogs are domesticated, diverse in breeds, loyal companions, used for work and as pets; foxes are wild, small to medium-sized, omnivorous animals, known for their cunning behavior.

Key Differences

Dogs, Canis lupus familiaris, are domesticated mammals bred in a multitude of breeds, varying greatly in size, appearance, and behavior. Foxes, members of several genera of the Canidae family, are wild animals with a slender appearance, pointed ears, and bushy tails, known for their adaptability in various environments.
Historically, dogs have been bred for various purposes, including hunting, herding, and companionship, which has resulted in a wide range of behavioral traits and physical forms. Foxes, although wild, demonstrate a high level of intelligence and adaptability, often living close to human settlements.
In terms of social behavior, dogs are known for their loyalty and ability to bond closely with humans, being one of the most popular pets worldwide. Foxes, while often depicted as cunning and solitary in folklore, are generally more elusive and less interactive with humans.
Dogs have a significant role in human culture, being used in roles such as service animals, therapy dogs, and in various forms of entertainment. Foxes, on the other hand, have a more ambiguous reputation, often regarded as pests in some areas, while also being admired for their agility and intelligence.

Comparison Chart


Domesticated, with various breeds
Wild, not typically domesticated

Size and Appearance

Varies greatly among breeds
Generally smaller, slender with bushy tails

Social Behavior

Loyal, bonds closely with humans
Solitary, elusive, less interactive

Role in Human Culture

Pets, service animals, entertainment
Often seen as pests or admired for agility

Intelligence and Adaptability

Highly trainable, adaptable to roles
Intelligent, adapts well to environments

Dog and Fox Definitions


A derogatory term for a person considered unattractive or untrustworthy.
He was unfairly labeled as the office dog.


A small to medium-sized omnivorous mammal known for its cunning.
The fox stealthily approached the henhouse.


A domesticated carnivorous mammal with a keen sense of smell.
The dog sniffed out the hidden treats.


An attractive person, often used in a flirtatious manner.
He was considered a fox by his admirers.


An informal term for a close friend or companion.
He's my main dog, always there for me.


A term for a cunning or sly person.
She's known as the office fox for her clever strategies.


To persistently trouble or haunt.
Memories of the accident dogged him for years.


A member of a Native American people of various cultural and linguistic groups.
The Fox tribe has a rich cultural heritage.


A mechanical device for gripping or holding, especially in machinery.
The dog in the gear system prevents backspin.


To confuse or deceive.
The puzzle completely foxed them.


A domesticated carnivorous mammal (Canis familiaris syn. Canis lupus subsp. familiaris) occurring as a wide variety of breeds, many of which are traditionally used for hunting, herding, drawing sleds, and other tasks, and are kept as pets.


A member of a Native American people formerly inhabiting various parts of southern Michigan, southern Wisconsin, northern Illinois, and eastern Iowa, with present-day populations in central Iowa and with the Sauk in Oklahoma.


The Algonquian language of the Fox.


Are foxes part of the dog family?

Yes, they are part of the Canidae family, which includes dogs.

What is a dog?

A domesticated mammal, often kept as a pet or used for work.

Can dogs be trained easily?

Yes, most dogs are highly trainable due to their intelligence.

What is a fox?

A wild, omnivorous mammal known for its cunning nature.

Do foxes make good pets?

Generally, foxes are not suitable as pets due to their wild nature.

How long do foxes live?

In the wild, foxes typically live for 3 to 4 years, but can live longer in captivity.

Do foxes have a specific mating season?

Yes, foxes typically mate in winter, with births in the spring.

What is the average lifespan of a dog?

It varies by breed, but generally ranges from 10 to 13 years.

Are dogs loyal animals?

Yes, dogs are known for their loyalty and companionship.

Do all dogs bark?

Most do, but some breeds, like the Basenji, do not bark typically.

How many breeds of dogs are there?

There are over 300 recognized dog breeds.

Can dogs be used in therapy?

Yes, dogs are often used as therapy animals due to their empathetic nature.

Are foxes solitary?

Yes, foxes are generally solitary, except during mating season.

Can dogs see in color?

Dogs have limited color vision, not as vibrant as human vision.

How many species of foxes are there?

There are about 37 species of foxes.

Are dogs good swimmers?

Many breeds are, but it can vary based on the individual dog.

Is the red fox the most common type of fox?

Yes, the red fox is the most widespread and well-known species.

Are dogs carnivores?

Dogs are omnivores, but their diet is primarily based on meat.

What do foxes eat?

They are omnivorous, eating small mammals, birds, fruits, and insects.

Do foxes hibernate?

No, foxes do not hibernate but may be less active in winter.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.

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