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Creationism vs. Evolutionism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Updated on November 16, 2023
Creationism posits that a divine being created the universe, while evolutionism asserts species change over time through natural processes.

Key Differences

Creationism is the belief that the universe and life, in all its forms, were created by a divine being or supernatural force. This viewpoint often draws from religious texts, such as the Bible, to support its claims. In contrast, evolutionism is the scientific theory that species change over time due to processes like natural selection and genetic mutation. Evolutionism is based on empirical evidence and has been widely accepted in the scientific community.
Creationism frequently contends that life on Earth is the result of specific acts of creation, often rejecting the idea that life can arise or change without direct divine intervention. Evolutionism, however, provides a naturalistic explanation for the origin and diversification of species, relying on vast amounts of evidence from fields like paleontology, genetics, and biology.
Creationism often hinges on the belief in the literal interpretation of religious texts. For example, Young Earth Creationists believe that Earth is only a few thousand years old based on biblical chronology. On the other hand, evolutionism uses the fossil record, DNA sequencing, and other scientific methods to estimate the age of Earth at around 4.5 billion years and the emergence of life at around 3.5 billion years ago.
While some see creationism and evolutionism as opposing viewpoints, there are those who attempt to reconcile them. Theistic evolution, for example, is a belief that God used evolution as a tool for creation. Despite their differences, both creationism and evolutionism seek to answer profound questions about our origins and our place in the universe.

Comparison Chart

Source of Belief

Derived from religious beliefs and texts.
Based on empirical scientific evidence.

Explanation for Diversity

Divine intervention or specific acts of creation.
Natural processes like mutation and natural selection.

Timeframe of Earth's Age

Often a few thousand years (based on religious texts).
Approximately 4.5 billion years.


Mainly by religious groups.
Widely accepted in the scientific community.

Reconciliation Attempts

Theistic evolution blends both views.
Evolution as a natural process possibly guided by God.

Creationism and Evolutionism Definitions


The doctrine that matter and forms of life were created by a supernatural entity.
Creationism often cites religious texts as evidence for its claims.


The belief in evolution as the driving force behind the progression of life.
Through evolutionism, we can understand the lineage of many species.


A belief that the universe and life were created by a divine being.
Many turn to creationism for explanations about the origin of life.


A contrast to creationist views, relying on empirical evidence.
Evolutionism bases its claims on research from multiple scientific fields.


An alternative to evolutionary theory, emphasizing divine creation.
Some schools have debated teaching creationism alongside evolution.


A scientific perspective on the origin and diversification of species.
Evolutionism examines how animals adapt and change to their environment over generations.


The rejection of natural processes as the sole explanation for the origin of life.
Creationism contends that some features of life are too complex to have evolved naturally.


The theory that species change over time through natural processes.
Evolutionism has garnered a lot of evidence from the fossil record.


The viewpoint that life's origins can be traced back to specific acts of a deity.
Creationism seeks to find a spiritual explanation for the universe's inception.


The acceptance of evolution as the primary mechanism for biodiversity.
Evolutionism helps explain the vast variety of life forms on Earth.


Belief in the supernatural origin of the universe or of humans and other living things, especially as based on the literal interpretation of the account of the creation related in the Bible.


A theory of biological evolution, especially that formulated by Charles Darwin.


(theology) The Abrahamic doctrine that each individual human soul is created by God, as opposed to traducianism.


Advocacy of or belief in biological evolution.


Are creationism and evolutionism mutually exclusive?

Not necessarily; some believe in theistic evolution, which blends both views.

Is evolutionism based on faith?

No, evolutionism is based on empirical scientific evidence.

What is the foundation of creationism?

Creationism is based on the belief in a divine being or supernatural force as the creator of the universe.

How does evolutionism explain species diversity?

Evolutionism asserts that species change over time through processes like natural selection and genetic mutation.

Why is creationism controversial in education?

Some argue that it's a religious belief and shouldn't be taught as science in schools.

Can creationism be scientifically tested?

Creationism, as a religious belief, doesn't adhere to the scientific method and is often based on faith.

Can one believe in God and still accept evolutionism?

Yes, many believe God used evolution as a tool for creation.

What's a common misunderstanding about evolutionism?

That it claims life came from nothing; evolutionism addresses change over time, not the initial origin of life.

Is all creationism based on Christian beliefs?

No, various cultures and religions have their own creationist views.

How does evolutionism determine the age of the Earth?

Through methods like radiometric dating and studying rock layers.

How does evolutionism explain the origin of life?

While evolutionism explains the diversification of life, abiogenesis studies address the origin of life.

Can one reconcile creationism and evolutionism?

Some do through beliefs like theistic evolution, viewing evolution as a tool used by God.

How does creationism interpret fossil evidence?

Some creationists believe fossils were placed by a great flood or don't accept them as evidence of evolution.

Is evolutionism a universally accepted theory?

While widely accepted in the scientific community, some religious groups reject it.

How does creationism explain complex biological structures?

Through the idea of "intelligent design", suggesting certain features are too complex to have evolved.

How does evolutionism explain similar traits in unrelated species?

Through convergent evolution, where species evolve similar traits independently.

Are there different forms of creationism?

Yes, like Young Earth Creationism and Old Earth Creationism, based on different interpretations of religious texts.

Can creationism provide testable predictions?

As a faith-based belief, it doesn't typically provide empirical, testable predictions like scientific theories do.

How does evolutionism account for species extinction?

Through factors like environmental changes, competition, and predation leading to a species' decline.

Do all scientists support evolutionism?

While the majority do, there are a few who hold alternative views.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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