Difference Wiki

Constructivism vs. Cognitivism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sumera Saeed || Published on December 21, 2023
Constructivism emphasizes learning as a process of actively constructing knowledge, while cognitivism focuses on the mental processes underlying learning.

Key Differences

Constructivism posits that learners actively construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through experiencing things and reflecting on those experiences. Conversely, cognitivism concentrates on the inner mental activities – opening the "black box" of the human mind – necessary for intelligent thought and problem-solving.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023
In constructivism, learning is seen as a highly personal journey where context and experience play crucial roles. This contrasts with cognitivism, which views learning as a process of acquiring, storing, and retrieving information, emphasizing the role of the brain as an information processor.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023
Constructivism suggests that learners create their own subjective representations of objective reality, meaning knowledge is subjective. Cognitivism, however, treats knowledge as something that can be objectively measured and focuses on the cognitive processes that lead to knowledge acquisition.
Huma Saeed
Dec 21, 2023
Constructivism advocates for learning environments where students play an active role in their learning, while cognitivism supports the use of strategies that guide students to process information effectively, such as memory aids or analogies.
Harlon Moss
Dec 21, 2023
Constructivist learning is inherently exploratory, with learners building their knowledge through exploration and experimentation. Cognitivism, in contrast, emphasizes structured teaching methods, where the brain’s cognitive processes are optimized for learning efficiency.
Harlon Moss
Dec 21, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Learning Theory

Learners construct knowledge through experience.
Focuses on the mental processes of learning.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

Role of Experience

Central, as learning is seen as a personal journey.
Less emphasized; focuses on mental processing.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

Nature of Knowledge

Subjective, built by the learner.
More objective, based on cognitive processes.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

Teaching Methods

Encourages exploration and experimentation.
Emphasizes structured, cognitive strategies.
Janet White
Dec 21, 2023

Focus

On the process of learning.
On how the brain processes and stores information.
Harlon Moss
Dec 21, 2023
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Constructivism and Cognitivism Definitions

Constructivism

Learning as an active, constructive process.
In constructivism, a student learns physics by performing experiments, not just by reading about them.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 02, 2023

Cognitivism

Focuses on the workings of the human brain.
Cognitivism explains memory recall as a mental process, akin to retrieving files in a computer.
Huma Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Constructivism

Knowledge is constructed, not transmitted.
Constructivism emphasizes that understanding history involves analyzing events, not memorizing dates.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Cognitivism

Emphasizes internal cognitive structures.
Cognitivism analyzes how language structures are internalized by learners.
Harlon Moss
Dec 02, 2023

Constructivism

Learning is contextual and personal.
Constructivism suggests that learning a language is more effective through cultural immersion.
Janet White
Dec 02, 2023

Cognitivism

Studies how thinking and memory work in learning.
Cognitivism explores the role of working memory in problem-solving tasks.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 02, 2023

Constructivism

Emphasizes learner’s role in their own education.
Constructivism involves students in project-based learning for a deeper understanding.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 02, 2023

Cognitivism

Concerned with how information is processed.
Cognitivism studies how students encode and store mathematical formulas.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Constructivism

Based on the principle that reality is constructed by the learner.
Constructivism views learning art as creating personal interpretations of art, not just learning techniques.
Janet White
Dec 02, 2023

Cognitivism

Views learning as a change in mental representations.
Cognitivism interprets understanding scientific concepts as altering cognitive frameworks.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 02, 2023

Constructivism

A movement in modern art originating in Moscow in 1920 and characterized by the use of industrial materials such as glass, sheet metal, and plastic to create nonrepresentational, often geometric objects.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Cognitivism

(philosophy) The view that ethical sentences express propositions and are therefore capable of being true or false.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Constructivism

(arts) A Russian movement in modern art characterized by the creation of nonrepresentational geometric objects using industrial materials.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Cognitivism

(arts) The view that a work of art is valuable if it contributes to knowledge.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Constructivism

(mathematics) A philosophy that asserts the need to construct a mathematical object to prove it exists.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Cognitivism

(psychology) The view that mental function can be understood as the internal manipulation of symbols according to a set of rules.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Constructivism

A psychological epistemology which argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from their experiences.
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Constructivism

An abstractionist artistic movement in Russia after World War I; industrial materials were used to construct nonrepresentational objects
Sumera Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

FAQs

What is constructivism in learning?

A theory where learners actively construct their own understanding.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

What does cognitivism focus on?

It focuses on the mental processes involved in learning.
Huma Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

Can constructivism be applied in all learning areas?

Yes, it can be, especially where exploration and reflection are beneficial.
Harlon Moss
Dec 21, 2023

Is constructivism effective for all students?

It may vary; some students thrive, while others may need more structure.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 21, 2023

Are constructivist classrooms structured?

They're often less structured, focusing on learner autonomy.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

Can constructivism be blended with other learning theories?

Yes, it's often combined with other approaches for a more holistic education.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 21, 2023

How do constructivist teachers facilitate learning?

They create environments that encourage exploration and knowledge construction.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 21, 2023

How important is feedback in cognitivism?

Very, as it helps in adjusting cognitive processes.
Janet White
Dec 21, 2023

What role do cognitive skills play in cognitivism?

They are central to processing and understanding information.
Janet White
Dec 21, 2023

How does constructivism differ from traditional education models?

It emphasizes active participation and discovery, unlike passive learning.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

What role does memory play in cognitivism?

Memory is crucial for processing and storing information.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 21, 2023

Does cognitivism ignore the emotional aspect of learning?

It primarily focuses on mental processes, though emotions can be considered as influencing factors.
Harlon Moss
Dec 21, 2023

How does constructivism impact motivation?

It can increase motivation by making learning more relevant and engaging.
Harlon Moss
Dec 21, 2023

Does cognitivism support collaborative learning?

It can, especially if it aids cognitive processes like discussion and reflection.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

How does cognitivism view intelligence?

As a product of efficient cognitive processing and structures.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

Can cognitivism help in curriculum design?

Absolutely, by ensuring the content aligns with cognitive learning principles.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

What types of learning strategies does cognitivism suggest?

Strategies like mnemonics, rehearsal, and conceptual mapping.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

What is a key benefit of constructivism?

It promotes deeper understanding through active engagement.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

How does cognitivism address learning disabilities?

By understanding and addressing specific cognitive challenges.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 21, 2023

Is constructivism suitable for online learning?

Yes, with appropriately designed interactive and exploratory activities.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 21, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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