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Communism vs. Nationalism: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on December 30, 2023
Communism is a socio-economic ideology advocating classless, stateless society and communal ownership, while nationalism is a political, social, and economic ideology emphasizing loyalty, devotion, or allegiance to a nation or nation-state.

Key Differences

Communism is an ideology centered on eliminating class distinctions and advocating for a society where all property is communally owned, whereas nationalism focuses on promoting the interests and culture of a particular nation, often placing it above others.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023
The primary goal of communism is to establish a classless society through the abolition of private property, contrasting sharply with nationalism which often cultivates a strong sense of identity and pride in one's nation, sometimes at the expense of international cooperation.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023
Communism seeks to redistribute wealth and power equally among all members of society, a concept that is generally not a focus of nationalism, which instead emphasizes national sovereignty and self-governance.
Huma Saeed
Dec 30, 2023
Communism is inherently internationalist, promoting solidarity among the working classes across different nations, while nationalism is inherently focused on a single nation's interests, often leading to policies that prioritize the nation's needs over global considerations.
Janet White
Dec 30, 2023
Communism often entails a revolutionary change in the social and economic structure of society, whereas nationalism can manifest within various types of political systems, supporting the idea of a strong, independent nation-state.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 30, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Ideological Focus

Classless, stateless society and communal ownership.
Loyalty and devotion to a nation or nation-state.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Primary Goal

Eliminate class distinctions.
Promote national interests and culture.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Approach to Property

Advocates for communal ownership.
Does not inherently address property ownership.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

International Perspective

Internationalist, promoting global solidarity.
Focuses on national sovereignty and interests.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 30, 2023

Political Manifestation

Revolutionary change in social and economic structures.
Can exist within various political systems.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023
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Communism and Nationalism Definitions

Communism

A theory advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned.
The Bolshevik Revolution was an attempt to establish communism in Russia.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 05, 2023

Nationalism

An extreme form of patriotism marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries.
Nationalism can sometimes lead to xenophobia and intolerance.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 05, 2023

Communism

A social organization based on the holding of all property in common.
Under communism, individual ownership of businesses is replaced by collective ownership.
Janet White
Dec 05, 2023

Nationalism

Loyalty and devotion to a nation.
Nationalism was a key factor in the outbreak of World War I.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 05, 2023

Communism

A system in which goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed.
In communism, resources like housing and food are distributed based on need, not wealth.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 05, 2023

Nationalism

Identification with one's own nation and support for its interests.
The rise of nationalism in the 19th century led to the unification of Italy and Germany.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 05, 2023

Communism

A doctrine based on revolutionary Marxian socialism.
Communism seeks to overthrow capitalist systems through revolution.
Harlon Moss
Dec 05, 2023

Nationalism

Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.
The Olympic Games often inspire a strong sense of nationalism.
Huma Saeed
Dec 05, 2023

Communism

A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war.
Communism was influenced by the writings of Marx and Engels.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 05, 2023

Nationalism

Advocacy of political independence for a particular country.
The American Revolution was driven by a strong sense of nationalism.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 05, 2023

Communism

A theoretical economic system characterized by the collective ownership of property and by the organization of labor for the common advantage of all members.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Nationalism

Devotion, especially excessive or undiscriminating devotion, to the interests or culture of a particular nation-state.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

The Marxist-Leninist doctrine advocating revolution to overthrow the capitalist system and establish a dictatorship of the proletariat that will eventually evolve into a perfectly egalitarian and communal society.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

Any far-left political ideology or philosophy advocating holding the production of resources collectively, especially by seizing it through revolution.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

Any political social system that implements a communist political philosophy.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

The international socialist society where classes, money, and the state no longer exist.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally to all, or by holding all wealth in common for the equal use and advantage of all.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

Communism

A political theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 04, 2023

FAQs

What is nationalism?

Nationalism is a political ideology emphasizing loyalty and devotion to one's nation.
Huma Saeed
Dec 30, 2023

How does communism view state power?

Communism ultimately aims for a stateless society, though it may involve a transitional state.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Can nationalism exist in a communist state?

It's rare, as communism typically discourages nationalistic sentiments in favor of international solidarity.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

What role does the state play in nationalism?

Nationalism often involves strong support for a sovereign nation-state.
Janet White
Dec 30, 2023

What is communism?

Communism is an ideology advocating for a classless society with communal ownership of resources.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Do communism and nationalism share common goals?

Not usually, as communism is focused on class struggle, while nationalism centers on national identity.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Does nationalism affect economic policies?

Yes, nationalism can influence economic policies to favor national interests.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Can a nationalist be a communist?

While rare, some individuals may blend elements of both ideologies.
Harlon Moss
Dec 30, 2023

Is communism inherently anti-capitalist?

Yes, communism seeks to replace capitalist systems.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Is private property allowed in communism?

No, communism advocates for communal ownership of property.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

How does communism approach global relations?

Communism promotes international solidarity among working classes.
Janet White
Dec 30, 2023

How has nationalism shaped world history?

Nationalism has been a driving force in many historical events, including wars and colonialism.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Can nationalism exist without a state?

Nationalism typically requires a concept of a nation, which often involves a state.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Can nationalism be inclusive?

While often associated with exclusivity, some forms of nationalism strive for inclusiveness within the nation.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

How does communism view individual rights?

In theory, communism prioritizes collective rights over individual rights.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

Does nationalism always lead to conflict?

Not always, but extreme nationalism can lead to conflicts.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

What are the historical origins of communism?

Communism originated from the ideas of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
Janet White
Dec 30, 2023

What are common criticisms of communism?

Critics often cite lack of individual freedom and economic inefficiency.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023

How do people express nationalism?

Through patriotic activities, cultural expressions, and political involvement.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 30, 2023

What is the end goal of communism?

A classless, stateless, and oppression-free society.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 30, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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