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Carbonyl vs. Ketone: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sumera Saeed || Published on January 3, 2024
A carbonyl group is a functional group consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom; a ketone is an organic compound containing a carbonyl group bonded to two carbon atoms.

Key Differences

A carbonyl group is a functional group found in organic chemistry, characterized by a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom (C=O). Ketones are a specific type of organic compound where the carbonyl group is bonded to two other carbon atoms.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024
The carbonyl group is a key feature in various organic compounds, including ketones and aldehydes. Ketones differ from aldehydes in that the carbonyl group in aldehydes is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024
In a carbonyl group, the double bond between carbon and oxygen is highly reactive, making it a significant site for chemical reactions. Ketones, having the carbonyl group within the carbon chain, are often less reactive than aldehydes.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 03, 2024
Carbonyl groups contribute to the properties and reactivity of the molecules they are part of. Ketones are typically found in sugars, fragrances, and in industrial applications.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024
The presence of a carbonyl group can significantly impact the chemical behavior of a molecule. Ketones, due to their specific structure, have unique properties and uses in organic chemistry.
Janet White
Jan 03, 2024
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Comparison Chart

Definition

A functional group (C=O)
Organic compound with a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024

Occurrence

Found in various organic compounds
A specific type of carbonyl-containing compound
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 03, 2024

Reactivity

Highly reactive
Generally less reactive than aldehydes
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024

Bonding

Carbon double-bonded to oxygen
Carbonyl group bonded within a carbon chain
Janet White
Jan 03, 2024

Examples and Applications

Present in ketones, aldehydes, acids
Used in fragrances, solvents, and biochemistry
Janet White
Jan 03, 2024
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Carbonyl and Ketone Definitions

Carbonyl

Central to various organic compounds.
The reactivity of the carbonyl group is crucial in organic synthesis.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

Organic compound with a carbonyl group bonded to two carbons.
Acetone is a simple and well-known ketone.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

Reactive site in organic chemistry.
Many reactions in organic chemistry involve the carbonyl group.
Janet White
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

Found in sugars and fragrances.
Some ketones have distinct and pleasant odors.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

Found in ketones, aldehydes, and acids.
The carbonyl group is a common link between different types of organic molecules.
Harlon Moss
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

Less reactive than aldehydes.
In ketones, the carbonyl group's reactivity is moderated by its position.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

Functional group with a carbon atom double-bonded to oxygen.
The carbonyl group is essential in many biological processes.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

A type of carbonyl-containing compound.
Ketones are often used as solvents in the paint industry.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

Characterized by a C=O bond.
The carbonyl group influences the boiling point of a compound.
Janet White
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

Used in industrial and biological applications.
Ketones play a role in metabolic processes in the body.
Harlon Moss
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

The bivalent group C=O.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

Any of a class of organic compounds, such as acetone, characterized by having a carbonyl group in which the carbon atom is bonded to two other hydrocarbon groups and having the general formula R(CO)R′, where R may be the same as R′.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

A metal compound, such as Ni(CO)4, containing the CO group.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

See ketone body.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

(organic chemistry) In organic chemistry, a divalent functional group, (-CO-), characteristic of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, amides, carboxylic acid anhydrides, carbonyl halides, esters and others.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

(organic compound) A homologous series of organic molecules whose functional group is an oxygen atom joined to a carbon atom—by a double bond—in a carbon-hydrogen based molecule.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

(inorganic chemistry) Any compound of a metal with carbon monoxide, such as nickel carbonyl, Ni(CO)4.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

One of a large class of organic substances resembling the aldehydes, obtained by the distillation of certain salts of organic acids and consisting of carbonyl (CO) united with two hydrocarbon radicals. In general the ketones are colorless volatile liquids having a pungent ethereal odor.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

The radical (CO)´´, occuring, always combined, in many compounds, as the aldehydes, the ketones, urea, carbonyl chloride, etc.
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Ketone

Any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

A compound containing metal combined with carbon monoxide
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

Carbonyl

Relating to or containing the carbonyl group
Sumera Saeed
Dec 26, 2023

FAQs

What are ketones?

Ketones are organic compounds that contain a carbonyl group bonded to two carbon atoms.
Sawaira Riaz
Jan 03, 2024

How are ketones different from aldehydes?

Ketones have the carbonyl group bonded to two carbons, while aldehydes have it bonded to at least one hydrogen.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 03, 2024

What is a carbonyl group?

A carbonyl group is a functional group consisting of a carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024

What makes the carbonyl group reactive?

The double bond between carbon and oxygen in the carbonyl group is highly reactive.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 03, 2024

What are common uses of ketones?

Ketones are used in solvents, fragrances, and in biochemical processes.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024

Can carbonyl groups be found in sugars?

Yes, carbonyl groups are present in certain sugars.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024

Is acetone a ketone?

Yes, acetone is a simple and commonly used ketone.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024

What is the significance of ketones in metabolism?

Ketones play a role in energy production in the body, especially during carbohydrate restriction.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 03, 2024

How do carbonyl groups affect boiling points?

The presence of a carbonyl group can increase the boiling point of a compound.
Janet White
Jan 03, 2024

Where is the carbonyl group found?

The carbonyl group is found in various organic compounds, including ketones, aldehydes, and acids.
Sumera Saeed
Jan 03, 2024

How are ketones used in the paint industry?

Ketones serve as effective solvents in various types of paint.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024

Are carbonyl groups present in fatty acids?

Yes, some fatty acids contain carbonyl groups.
Aimie Carlson
Jan 03, 2024

Do ketones have any biological significance?

Ketones are important in several biological processes, including as energy sources.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024

Are all carbonyl-containing compounds ketones?

No, only those with the carbonyl group bonded to two carbon atoms are ketones.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024

What is the simplest ketone?

Acetone is considered the simplest ketone.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024

Are ketones reactive?

Ketones are generally less reactive than aldehydes due to their structural arrangement.
Janet White
Jan 03, 2024

What role do carbonyl groups play in organic chemistry?

Carbonyl groups are crucial in many organic reactions and influence the properties of molecules.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024

Can ketones be found in fragrances?

Yes, some ketones have distinct aromas and are used in fragrances.
Janet White
Jan 03, 2024

Can carbonyl groups form hydrogen bonds?

Yes, the oxygen in the carbonyl group can form hydrogen bonds.
Janet White
Jan 03, 2024

Are ketones soluble in water?

Smaller ketones are usually soluble in water, but solubility decreases with increasing chain length.
Harlon Moss
Jan 03, 2024
About Author
Written by
Sumera Saeed
Sumera is an experienced content writer and editor with a niche in comparative analysis. At Diffeence Wiki, she crafts clear and unbiased comparisons to guide readers in making informed decisions. With a dedication to thorough research and quality, Sumera's work stands out in the digital realm. Off the clock, she enjoys reading and exploring diverse cultures.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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