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Camel vs. Dromedary: What's the Difference?

Edited by Huma Saeed || By Sawaira Riaz || Published on December 17, 2023
A camel is a large, desert-dwelling mammal known for its humps, while a dromedary is a type of camel with one hump, commonly found in the Middle East and Africa.

Key Differences

The term camel refers to a member of the Camelidae family, known for their ability to survive in arid environments. The dromedary, or Arabian camel, is a specific type of camel distinguished by having a single hump.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023
Camels are broadly classified into two types: the dromedary with one hump and the Bactrian camel with two humps. Dromedaries, however, are well-adapted to hot desert climates and are predominantly found in the Middle East and North Africa.
Huma Saeed
Dec 17, 2023
Camels have been domesticated for thousands of years for transportation and carrying goods. Dromedaries, being more common, are specifically known for their endurance in extreme heat and long journeys without water.
Huma Saeed
Dec 17, 2023
The humps of camels are fat reserves that help them survive in harsh conditions. The single hump of the dromedary is an efficient adaptation for hotter, more arid desert environments.
Harlon Moss
Dec 17, 2023
Both camels and dromedaries are herbivores and have similar diets, but their physical adaptations reflect their different habitats. Dromedaries have thinner coats than their Bactrian counterparts to cope with the intense heat.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Number of Humps

One or two
One
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Types

Dromedary and Bactrian
A type of camel
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Habitat

Deserts, cold and hot
Hot deserts, mainly in Middle East and Africa
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Adaptation

Fat reserves in humps, thick coats for Bactrians
Single hump, thinner coat for heat tolerance
Aimie Carlson
Dec 17, 2023

Usage

Transportation, carrying goods
Common for long journeys in hot climates
Janet White
Dec 17, 2023
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Camel and Dromedary Definitions

Camel

A camel is a large mammal adapted to desert life, known for its humps.
The caravan consisted of a dozen camels carrying goods across the desert.
Janet White
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

A dromedary is a type of camel with one hump, adapted to hot deserts.
The dromedary is perfectly suited for life in the Sahara Desert.
Huma Saeed
Nov 30, 2023

Camel

Camels are used for transportation and carrying loads in arid regions.
In many desert cultures, camels are a primary mode of transportation.
Harlon Moss
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

Dromedaries are primarily used in desert regions for transportation.
Dromedaries are often seen in caravans traversing the Middle Eastern deserts.
Janet White
Nov 30, 2023

Camel

There are two main types of camels: dromedary and Bactrian.
The zoo's camel exhibit features both a dromedary and a Bactrian camel.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

The dromedary has a thinner coat compared to the Bactrian camel.
The dromedary's coat is well-suited to the extreme heat of desert environments.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Camel

Camels can go for long periods without water, thanks to their physiological adaptations.
Camels store fat in their humps, which can be converted to water and energy when resources are scarce.
Janet White
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

The dromedary's single hump stores fat for energy and water conservation.
The dromedary's hump allows it to travel long distances without water.
Aimie Carlson
Nov 30, 2023

Camel

Camels have been domesticated for thousands of years.
Domesticated camels play a vital role in the lives of nomadic desert tribes.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

Dromedaries are native to the arid regions of the Middle East and Africa.
Dromedaries have been a crucial part of Bedouin culture for centuries.
Harlon Moss
Nov 30, 2023

Camel

Either of two chiefly domesticated ruminant mammals of the genus Camelus, the Bactrian camel or the dromedary, having a humped back and long neck, and used in northern Africa, the Middle East, and Asia as a beast of burden and a source of wool, milk, and meat.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

A one-humped domesticated camel (Camelus dromedarius), widely used as a beast of burden in desert regions from northern Africa to western Asia. Also called Arabian camel.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Camel

A device used to raise sunken objects, consisting of a hollow structure that is submerged, attached tightly to the object, and pumped free of water. Also called caisson.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

The single-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius).
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Camel

(Sports) A spin in figure skating that is performed in an arabesque or modified arabesque position.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

Any swift riding camel.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

The Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), having one hump or protuberance on the back, in distinction from the Bactrian camel, which has two humps.
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

Dromedary

One-humped camel of the hot deserts of northern Africa and southwestern Asia
Sawaira Riaz
Nov 30, 2023

FAQs

What is a camel?

A camel is a large desert mammal known for its humps and ability to survive in arid conditions.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

What is a dromedary?

A dromedary is a type of camel that has one hump and is adapted to hot desert environments.
Huma Saeed
Dec 17, 2023

How many types of camels are there?

There are two main types of camels: dromedary (one hump) and Bactrian (two humps).
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Where are dromedaries commonly found?

Dromedaries are commonly found in the Middle East and North Africa.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 17, 2023

Can camels swim?

Yes, camels are known to be good swimmers.
Harlon Moss
Dec 17, 2023

Are dromedaries faster than Bactrian camels?

Yes, dromedaries are generally faster than Bactrian camels, especially in hot conditions.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Do all camels have humps?

Yes, all camels have at least one hump.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 17, 2023

What do camels eat?

Camels are herbivores and primarily feed on grasses, grains, and desert vegetation.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 17, 2023

What is the purpose of a dromedary's hump?

The dromedary's hump stores fat, which can be converted into water and energy when needed.
Janet White
Dec 17, 2023

Are dromedaries domesticated?

Yes, dromedaries have been domesticated for thousands of years.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

Can dromedaries survive in cold climates?

Dromedaries are not well-suited for cold climates; they are adapted to hot deserts.
Janet White
Dec 17, 2023

What are camels used for?

Camels are used for transportation, carrying goods, and providing milk and meat in desert regions.
Harlon Moss
Dec 17, 2023

Do camels spit?

Yes, camels can spit as a defense mechanism.
Harlon Moss
Dec 17, 2023

Are dromedaries social animals?

Yes, dromedaries are generally social and often travel in groups.
Janet White
Dec 17, 2023

How long can a dromedary go without water?

A dromedary can survive without water for up to two weeks under extreme conditions.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 17, 2023

How fast can a dromedary run?

Dromedaries can run at speeds up to 40 mph (64 km/h) in short bursts.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

What is the gestation period for camels?

The gestation period for camels is about 13 to 14 months.
Janet White
Dec 17, 2023

Are camels endangered?

Some wild camel species are endangered, but domesticated camels are not.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 17, 2023

How long do camels live?

Camels typically live for 40 to 50 years.
Janet White
Dec 17, 2023

Is riding a dromedary similar to riding a horse?

Riding a dromedary can be different due to its unique gait and body shape.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 17, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.
Edited by
Huma Saeed
Huma is a renowned researcher acclaimed for her innovative work in Difference Wiki. Her dedication has led to key breakthroughs, establishing her prominence in academia. Her contributions continually inspire and guide her field.

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