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Austria vs. Australia: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Janet White || Updated on October 9, 2023
Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe; Australia is a continent-country, surrounded by oceans, located in the Southern Hemisphere.

Key Differences

Austria and Australia are both sovereign nations but are very different in terms of geography, culture, and history. Austria is a landlocked country in Central Europe, known for its rich cultural heritage, classical music composers like Mozart, and stunning Alpine landscapes. On the other hand, Australia is an island continent and country located in the Southern Hemisphere, characterized by its diverse ecosystems, unique wildlife, and cosmopolitan cities like Sydney and Melbourne.
The climates of Austria and Australia are contrasting. Austria experiences a temperate climate, with a mix of continental and oceanic influences, leading to cold winters and warm summers. Australia, being a vast country, experiences a range of climates, including tropical, subtropical, desert, and temperate, allowing it to host a variety of ecosystems such as rainforests, mountain ranges, and arid regions.
In terms of population, Austria has a relatively smaller population compared to Australia. Austria’s population is predominantly German-speaking, with a culture deeply rooted in European traditions. Australia, being a former British colony, is primarily English-speaking and has a multicultural society due to significant immigration, reflecting a blend of Indigenous cultures and various immigrant cultures.
Austria’s economy is well developed, with a high standard of living, focusing mainly on services, industry, and a well-established tourism sector, attracting people with its historic cities and Alpine landscapes. Australia has a highly developed, diverse economy, with significant contributions from the service sector, mining, agriculture, and tourism, driven by its natural resources, scenic landscapes, and unique fauna.
Both Austria and Australia have robust education systems and are recognized for their contributions to science, arts, and humanities. Austria has a rich tradition in arts, music, and philosophy, contributing significantly to Western classical music and thought. Australia is renowned for its research and innovations in various fields, including medicine, environmental science, and technology.

Comparison Chart


Central Europe
Southern Hemisphere


Temperate, with cold winters
Varied, ranging from tropical to temperate


Smaller, German-speaking
Larger, predominantly English-speaking

Economy Focus

Services, Industry, Tourism
Services, Mining, Agriculture, Tourism

Notable For

Music, Culture, Alpine landscapes
Unique wildlife, Ecosystems, Research

Austria and Australia Definitions


A state with a temperate climate and diverse landscapes.
Austria’s Alps attract numerous tourists annually.


A country and continent surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Australia is known for its unique fauna like kangaroos and koalas.


A country with a well-developed economy and high standard of living.
Austria's economy benefits greatly from tourism.


A state with a diverse climate and varied ecosystems.
Australia’s Great Barrier Reef is a world-renowned marine ecosystem.


A landlocked country in Central Europe.
Austria is renowned for its classical music heritage.


A country with a highly developed economy and substantial natural resources.
Australia's economy is boosted by its mining sector.


A nation known for its rich cultural and historical heritage.
Austria's palaces are a reflection of its imperial history.


A former British colony, now a member of the Commonwealth.
Australia retains the British monarch as its head of state.


A German-speaking country with a robust education system.
Austria has produced many notable composers and philosophers.


A nation characterized by its multicultural society and English language.
Australia’s multiculturalism is evident in its cuisine.


A mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century


The smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean


A nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony


Is German spoken in Australia?

No, the primary language of Australia is English, while Austria predominantly speaks German.

Do Austria and Australia have similar climates?

No, Austria has a temperate climate, while Australia has varied climates, including tropical and desert climates.

Are Austria and Australia famous for their landscapes?

Yes, Austria is known for its Alpine landscapes, and Australia is known for its diverse ecosystems.

Are Austria and Australia both landlocked?

No, Austria is landlocked, but Australia is surrounded by oceans.

Are Austria and Australia located in the same hemisphere?

No, Austria is in the Northern Hemisphere, and Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere.

Can you see the Great Barrier Reef in Austria?

No, the Great Barrier Reef is located off the coast of Australia.

Do both countries have a high standard of living?

Yes, both Austria and Australia have well-developed economies and high standards of living.

Do Austria and Australia have large populations?

Austria has a smaller population, while Australia has a larger and more diverse population.

Are kangaroos found in Austria?

No, kangaroos are native to Australia.

Are Austria and Australia known for their music?

Austria is renowned for classical music; Australia has a diverse music scene, including rock, pop, and Indigenous music.

Do Austria and Australia have robust education systems?

Yes, both countries have strong education systems and contribute to research and development.

Do Austria and Australia have significant contributions to science?

Yes, both countries have contributed to various scientific fields.

Is Australia known for its historical palaces?

No, Austria is more renowned for its historical palaces, while Australia is known for its natural landscapes.

Are Austria and Australia both English-speaking countries?

Australia is predominantly English-speaking, while the primary language of Austria is German.

Is Austria a member of the European Union?

Yes, Austria is a member of the European Union, while Australia is not.
About Author
Written by
Janet White
Janet White has been an esteemed writer and blogger for Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Science and Medical Journalism from the prestigious Boston University, she has consistently demonstrated her expertise and passion for her field. When she's not immersed in her work, Janet relishes her time exercising, delving into a good book, and cherishing moments with friends and family.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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