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Argument vs. Persuasion: What's the Difference?

Edited by Sawaira Riaz || By Sara Rehman || Published on December 16, 2023
Argument is a process of presenting reasons to support or refute a point. Persuasion is the act of convincing someone to believe or do something.

Key Differences

Argument involves presenting a series of logical reasons or evidence to support a viewpoint. It focuses on establishing the validity of a claim. Persuasion, in contrast, aims at changing someone's beliefs or actions, often using emotional appeals or rhetorical techniques.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023
In an argument, the primary goal is to demonstrate the truth or falsehood of a statement through reasoning. It often involves a formal structure and logical consistency. Persuasion, however, is more about the effective communication of a position to influence others, prioritizing the end result over the method.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023
While presenting an argument, one engages in a structured debate, often acknowledging and refuting opposing viewpoints. Persuasion, on the other hand, is more about winning over the audience, sometimes even if it means bypassing strict logical reasoning.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 16, 2023
Argument is more about the content and structure of the points made, aiming to convince through evidence and logic. Persuasion leans towards how the message is delivered, often employing emotional appeals, personal credibility, and rhetorical strategies.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023
In essence, argument is a tool used within the process of persuasion. While an argument focuses on the logical aspects of persuasion, persuasion encompasses a wider range of tactics, including but not limited to arguments.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023
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Comparison Chart

Focus

Logical reasoning and evidence
Influencing beliefs and actions
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Goal

Establish truth or falsehood
Change beliefs or actions
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Approach

Structured, logical debate
Emotional appeals, rhetorical techniques
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Priority

Content and structure
Delivery and influence
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Scope

Part of persuasion process
Broader than argument, includes various tactics
Aimie Carlson
Dec 16, 2023
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Argument and Persuasion Definitions

Argument

Debate to prove a point.
The argument against the policy was based on economic data.
Harlon Moss
Dec 01, 2023

Persuasion

Rhetorical effort to convince.
Through persuasion, he garnered support for the project.
Harlon Moss
Dec 01, 2023

Argument

Reasoning to support a point.
Their argument for renewable energy was compelling.
Sara Rehman
Dec 01, 2023

Persuasion

Influencing beliefs or actions.
Her persuasion skills helped change the team's opinion.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 01, 2023

Argument

Series of logical statements.
Her argument included statistics and historical examples.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 01, 2023

Persuasion

Encouraging a specific viewpoint.
Her persuasion was evident in how she presented the facts.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 01, 2023

Argument

Presentation of evidence.
He made an argument with strong scientific backing.
Janet White
Dec 01, 2023

Persuasion

Appealing to emotions or values.
His speech used persuasion to inspire the audience.
Sara Rehman
Dec 01, 2023

Argument

Contention in a discussion.
The main argument in the meeting was about budget allocation.
Harlon Moss
Dec 01, 2023

Persuasion

Strategic communication for influence.
Through effective persuasion, they won the debate.
Janet White
Dec 01, 2023

Argument

A discussion in which the parties involved express disagreement with one another; a debate
Philosophical arguments over the nature of existence.
Sara Rehman
Dec 01, 2023

Persuasion

The act of persuading or the state of being persuaded
"The persuasion of a democracy to big changes is at best a slow process" (Harold J. Laski).
Sara Rehman
Dec 01, 2023

Argument

An angry discussion involving disagreement among the participants; a quarrel
The roommates had an argument about whose turn it was to wash the dishes.
Sara Rehman
Dec 01, 2023

Persuasion

The ability or power to persuade
"Three foremost aids to persuasion which occur to me are humility, concentration, and gusto" (Marianne Moore).
Sara Rehman
Dec 01, 2023

FAQs

Is emotional appeal a part of argument?

Typically, no. Argument relies more on logic and evidence than on emotions.
Harlon Moss
Dec 16, 2023

Can an argument be part of persuasion?

Yes, an argument can be a tool used within the broader process of persuasion.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

What's important in an argument?

The most important aspect of an argument is its logical structure and the validity of its evidence.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 16, 2023

Can arguments be emotional?

While arguments are primarily logical, they can sometimes include emotional elements to strengthen the appeal.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023

Can persuasion be effective without a strong argument?

Yes, persuasion can be effective through emotional appeals or credibility, even without a strong logical argument.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

How does argument differ from persuasion?

Argument focuses on logical reasoning, while persuasion is about influencing beliefs or actions.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Can two people have different arguments for the same point?

Yes, different arguments can be made in support of the same point, using different evidence or reasoning.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 16, 2023

Is persuasion only about changing beliefs?

Persuasion involves changing both beliefs and actions.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

What does persuasion involve?

Persuasion involves convincing others to believe or do something, often using emotional appeals.
Sawaira Riaz
Dec 16, 2023

What is an argument?

An argument is a series of reasons presented to support or refute a point.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Can a logical fallacy be persuasive?

Yes, logical fallacies can sometimes be persuasive, especially if the audience is not aware of the fallacy.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Is persuasion more about the speaker or the audience?

Persuasion is about the relationship between the speaker and the audience and how the message is received.
Harlon Moss
Dec 16, 2023

Can someone be good at arguing but poor at persuading?

Yes, being good at logical reasoning doesn’t necessarily mean being effective at emotionally or ethically appealing to an audience.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Does persuasion always involve direct communication?

Not always, persuasion can be subtle and indirect as well.
Janet White
Dec 16, 2023

Is persuasion ethical?

Persuasion is ethically neutral; it depends on how it is used and for what purpose.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

Can an argument be persuasive?

Yes, a well-structured argument with solid evidence can be very persuasive.
Harlon Moss
Dec 16, 2023

What is a common goal of both argument and persuasion?

A common goal is to change or reinforce the viewpoint of the audience.
Sara Rehman
Dec 16, 2023

How can one improve in both argument and persuasion?

Improving in argument involves enhancing logical reasoning, while improving in persuasion involves understanding audience psychology and effective communication strategies.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 16, 2023

What role does credibility play in persuasion?

Credibility of the speaker is crucial in persuasion as it helps in gaining the trust of the audience.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 16, 2023

Are facts necessary in an argument?

Yes, facts are essential in an argument to support the reasoning.
Aimie Carlson
Dec 16, 2023
About Author
Written by
Sara Rehman
Sara Rehman is a seasoned writer and editor with extensive experience at Difference Wiki. Holding a Master's degree in Information Technology, she combines her academic prowess with her passion for writing to deliver insightful and well-researched content.
Edited by
Sawaira Riaz
Sawaira is a dedicated content editor at difference.wiki, where she meticulously refines articles to ensure clarity and accuracy. With a keen eye for detail, she upholds the site's commitment to delivering insightful and precise content.

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