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Although vs. However: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Published on January 14, 2024
"Although" is a conjunction used to introduce a contrastive clause within a sentence, while "however" is an adverb used to begin a new sentence or clause, indicating contrast or exception.

Key Differences

"Although" is used to introduce a subordinate clause that presents a contrasting idea within the same sentence. "However," on the other hand, is typically used at the beginning of a new sentence or clause to introduce a contrasting statement or idea.
"Although" is integral to the sentence structure, connecting two contrasting ideas seamlessly. In contrast, "however" often requires a semicolon or period before it and a comma after when starting a new sentence or clause.
The use of "although" implies a direct contrast between two parts of a single sentence, suggesting a more integrated relationship. Conversely, "however" indicates a contrast or shift in thought and is more suitable for emphasizing a strong opposition or turn in argument.
"Although" can be used in the middle of a sentence, whereas "however" is generally used at the beginning of a sentence or clause, following a pause in the narrative or argument.
The word "although" tends to make the sentence more fluid and connected, whereas "however" adds a formal tone and is often used in more formal or academic writing to juxtapose two separate ideas or statements.

Comparison Chart

Part of Speech


Sentence Placement

Within a sentence
Beginning of a new sentence or clause


Introduces a contrastive clause
Indicates a contrast or exception


Used within a sentence, no special punctuation
Often followed by a comma when starting a sentence


Creates a more fluid sentence
Adds formality and emphasis to the contrast

Although and However Definitions


Although is a conjunction introducing a contrasting clause.
Although it was raining, the match continued.


However indicates a shift or contrast in the argument.
The plan was risky. However, it was the only option left.


Although is used to acknowledge a fact before stating a contrasting point.
Although he was late, he didn't miss the meeting.


However is often used to start a new clause or sentence, showing opposition.
He promised to come early. However, he arrived late.


Although introduces a concession in an argument or discussion.
Although the idea was good, the execution was poor.


However can be used to soften a correction or contradiction.
I like your proposal. However, it needs some adjustments.


Although sets up a contrastive element within a sentence.
Although tired, she completed the marathon.


However marks a transition to a different or opposing point.
She is not a professional singer; however, her performance was outstanding.


Although often precedes a statement that somewhat contradicts the main clause.
Although she studied hard, she didn't pass the exam.


However is an adverb used to introduce a contrasting statement.
It was cold outside; however, they decided to go for a walk.


Regardless of the fact that; even though
Although the room is big, it won't hold all that furniture.


In spite of that; nevertheless; yet
The book is expensive.
However, it's worth it.


But; however
He says he has a dog, although I've never seen it.


On the other hand; by contrast
The first part was easy.
The second, however, took hours.


Though, even though, in spite of or despite the fact that: introducing a clause that expresses a concession.
Although it was very muddy, the football game went on.
The patients, (al)though getting stronger, will not come off their medications.


But, except.
It was difficult, although not as difficult as we had expected.


Grant all this; be it that; supposing that; notwithstanding; though.
Although all shall be offended, yet will not I.


Despite the fact that;
Even though she knew the answer, she did not respond


Can "although" begin a sentence?

Yes, "although" can start a sentence when introducing a contrastive clause.

Does "although" need a comma?

"Although" usually doesn't require a comma immediately after it.

Can "although" and "however" be used interchangeably?

No, they serve different grammatical functions and are not interchangeable.

Can "although" be used in the middle of a sentence?

Yes, "although" can be used in the middle of a sentence to introduce a contrasting clause.

What is the primary function of "although"?

"Although" introduces a contrasting clause within a sentence.

Is "however" a conjunction?

No, "however" is an adverb, not a conjunction.

How is "however" used in a sentence?

"However" is used to begin a new sentence or clause, indicating contrast or opposition.

Is "however" used for emphasizing contrast?

Yes, "however" is commonly used to emphasize a contrast or shift in thought.

Does "although" require a complete clause to follow it?

Yes, "although" should be followed by a complete clause with a subject and verb.

Where should I place "however" in a sentence?

"However" is often placed at the beginning of a new sentence or clause.

Does "although" suggest a more integrated relationship between contrasting ideas?

Yes, "although" suggests a direct and integrated contrast within the same sentence.

Does "however" add a formal tone to writing?

Yes, "however" often adds a formal tone and is common in academic or formal writing.

Can "however" start a new paragraph?

Yes, "however" can start a new paragraph to introduce a contrasting idea.

Can "however" be used in the middle of a sentence?

Yes, but it typically needs a semicolon before it and a comma after.

Can "however" be used to soften a statement?

Yes, "however" can be used to introduce a softening correction or contrast.

Is "although" formal or informal?

"Although" is neutral and can be used in both formal and informal contexts.

How is "however" punctuated in a sentence?

"However" is usually followed by a comma when it starts a sentence.

Is "although" suitable for academic writing?

Yes, "although" is appropriate for academic writing to show contrast within a sentence.

Can "however" be replaced with "but"?

In some contexts, "however" can be replaced with "but," but they are not always interchangeable.

What is a common mistake when using "although"?

A common mistake is using "although" followed by a comma, which is usually unnecessary.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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