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Airbus A380 vs. Boeing 747: What's the Difference?

Edited by Aimie Carlson || By Harlon Moss || Published on February 24, 2024
The Airbus A380 is a double-decker, four-engine jet airliner, known as the world's largest passenger airliner; the Boeing 747 is a wide-body, four-engine jet airliner, famous for its hump upper deck.

Key Differences

The Airbus A380, a double-decker aircraft, is the world's largest passenger airliner, designed to carry more passengers than any other aircraft. The Boeing 747, known for its distinctive upper deck hump, was once the largest passenger airliner until the A380 was introduced.
Airbus designed the A380 to challenge Boeing's monopoly in the large-aircraft market, focusing on capacity and efficiency. The Boeing 747, first flown commercially in 1970, was revolutionary for its time, pioneering the era of the jumbo jet.
The A380 can typically carry about 500 to 850 passengers, depending on its configuration, catering to high-traffic routes. The 747, while smaller than the A380, can still carry a significant number of passengers, typically 400 to 500.
Airbus's A380 boasts advanced technology for reduced noise and emissions, appealing to environmentally conscious airlines and passengers. The Boeing 747, despite its older design, has been updated over the decades to improve efficiency and environmental performance.
The Airbus A380, with its massive size, requires airports to upgrade facilities to accommodate it. The Boeing 747, though also a large aircraft, generally fits within existing airport infrastructure.

Comparison Chart

Introduction Year



Typically 500-850 passengers
Typically 400-500 passengers


Four Engine
Four Engine

Unique Design Feature

Full-length double-decker
Distinctive hump upper deck

Flight Range

About 8,000 nautical miles
About 7,500 nautical miles

Airbus A380 and Boeing 747 Definitions

Airbus A380

The Airbus A380 is a large, double-decker passenger airliner.
The Airbus A380 can carry over 800 passengers on long-haul flights.

Boeing 747

Known for its significant capacity and range.
The Boeing 747 can fly non-stop on long international routes.

Airbus A380

The A380 is Airbus's response to the market dominated by large Boeing aircraft.
Airbus A380 was designed to compete with the Boeing 747's size.

Boeing 747

It's versatile, used for both passenger and cargo flights.
Many Boeing 747s have been converted to freighters.

Airbus A380

It's known for its high capacity and fuel efficiency.
Airlines favor the Airbus A380 for busy international routes.

Boeing 747

The 747 has seen multiple versions over the years.
The Boeing 747-8 is the latest version of this iconic jet.

Airbus A380

It requires special airport facilities due to its size.
Airports have upgraded runways for the Airbus A380.

Boeing 747

It was the first jumbo jet, revolutionizing air travel.
The Boeing 747 has been in service since the 1970s.

Airbus A380

The A380 has a quiet and comfortable cabin.
Passengers enjoy a quieter ride on the Airbus A380.

Boeing 747

The Boeing 747 is a wide-body commercial airliner with a distinctive upper deck.
The Boeing 747's iconic hump makes it recognizable at airports.


Is the Airbus A380 more fuel-efficient than the Boeing 747?

The Airbus A380 is designed for fuel efficiency, but specific comparisons depend on the model and configuration.

When was the Boeing 747 first introduced?

The Boeing 747 was first introduced in 1970.

What makes the Airbus A380 unique?

Its double-decker design makes the Airbus A380 the largest passenger airliner.

How many passengers can the Airbus A380 carry?

Depending on configuration, the Airbus A380 can carry between 500 to 850 passengers.

How many engines does the Boeing 747 have?

The Boeing 747 has four engines.

What is distinctive about the Boeing 747's appearance?

The Boeing 747 is known for its distinctive upper deck hump.

What challenges do airports face with the Airbus A380?

Airports may need to upgrade runways and gates to accommodate the Airbus A380's size.

Can all airports accommodate the Airbus A380?

Not all airports can accommodate the Airbus A380 due to its size, requiring special facilities.

What roles does the Boeing 747 serve?

The Boeing 747 serves both passenger and cargo transport roles.

Has the Boeing 747 been updated since its introduction?

Yes, the Boeing 747 has seen several updates and variants since its introduction.

Is the Boeing 747 still in production?

As of my last update in April 2023, the Boeing 747 was nearing the end of its production.

What type of flights is the Airbus A380 best suited for?

The Airbus A380 is best suited for high-capacity, long-haul flights.

What is the newest version of the Boeing 747?

The newest version, as of my last update, is the Boeing 747-8.

Are Airbus A380s used for cargo?

Primarily, Airbus A380s are used for passenger transport, not cargo.

How has the Boeing 747 remained competitive over the years?

The Boeing 747 has remained competitive through continuous upgrades and versatility.

What are some environmental considerations of the Airbus A380?

The Airbus A380 is designed with advanced technology for reduced noise and emissions.

What is the flight range of the Airbus A380?

The Airbus A380 has a flight range of about 8,000 nautical miles.

Has the Boeing 747 impacted the design of other aircraft?

Yes, the Boeing 747's design and success have influenced subsequent aircraft designs.

How does the Airbus A380's size impact its operations?

The Airbus A380's size impacts gate choices, runway requirements, and boarding procedures.

What innovations did the Boeing 747 introduce in air travel?

The Boeing 747 revolutionized air travel with its size, range, and capacity.
About Author
Written by
Harlon Moss
Harlon is a seasoned quality moderator and accomplished content writer for Difference Wiki. An alumnus of the prestigious University of California, he earned his degree in Computer Science. Leveraging his academic background, Harlon brings a meticulous and informed perspective to his work, ensuring content accuracy and excellence.
Edited by
Aimie Carlson
Aimie Carlson, holding a master's degree in English literature, is a fervent English language enthusiast. She lends her writing talents to Difference Wiki, a prominent website that specializes in comparisons, offering readers insightful analyses that both captivate and inform.

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