Active Immunity vs. Passive Immunity
What is Active Immunity?
Active immunity is the type of adaptive immunity that comes in direct contact with the pathogens, antigens or the foreign harmful elements that can make our body sick. Furthermore, the active immunity can be of two types, it can either be naturally acquired, or it can be artificially acquired. In the naturally acquired active immunity, the antibodies are produced by the organism body itself, and they also form the memory cells, so it remembers that which antibody have to make contact with that specific type of foreign particle or the antigen attack. On the other hand, in the artificially acquired active immunity, antigens are introduced through the vaccines against the harmful foreign particles, and the body produces antibodies and the specialized lymphocytes from the vaccinated antigen.
What is Passive Immunity?
Passive immunity is the type of adaptive immunity that does not need to be in direct contact with the bacteria, pathogen or any other harmful foreign elements to provide resistance. Furthermore, the passive immunity can be categorized as naturally acquired or the artificially acquired. The naturally acquired passive immunity is quite similar to that of the innate immunity as in this the antibodies directly or indirectly are passed down from the mother to the offspring. When a mother passes antibody to the fetus via placenta or passes the antibody through the milk to the infant, this is the naturally acquired passive immunity. On the other hand, when the performed antibodies are introduced into the body through injection, then it is the artificially acquired passive immunity. In the artificially acquired passive immunity, the bodies produced by the other organism are injected into the person’s body.