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Difference Between SIP and XMPP

Main Difference

These two are basically the abbreviations widely used in the online telecommunication field especially regarding the transfer of data from one position to the other position. There are number of similarities and differences between the two but the major difference between SIP and XMPP is that SIP is initially designed for voice calls and XMPP is initially designed for instant messaging in the communication field.


What is SIP?

SIP is an abbreviation which stands for (Session Initiation Protocol). It is an application-layer control convention; a flagging convention for Internet Telephony. Taste can set up sessions for elements, for example, sound/videoconferencing, intelligent gaming, and call sending to be conveyed over IP systems, consequently empowering administration suppliers to coordinate essential IP telephony administrations with Web, email, and talk administrations. Notwithstanding client verification, sidetrack and enrollment administrations, SIP Server underpins customary telephony components, for example, individual portability, time-of-day steering and call sending in view of the geological area of the individual being called.

What is XMPP?

XMPP is an abbreviation which stands for (Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol). It is a convention in view of Extensible Markup Language (XML) and planned for texting( (IM) and online vicinity location. It capacities between or among servers, and encourages close constant operation. The convention might in the long run permit Internet clients to send texts to any other person on the Internet, paying little heed to contrasts in working frameworks and programs.XMPP is once in a while called the “Jabber” convention, yet this is a specialized misnomer. Chatter, an IM application like ICQ (I Seek You) and others, depends on XMPP, however there are numerous applications other than Jabber that are bolstered by XMPP. The IEEE XMPP working gathering, a consortium of architects and software engineers, is adjusting XMPP for use as an Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) innovation. Moreover, the Messaging and Presence Interoperability Consortium (MPIC) is considering XMPP as an imperative interoperability innovation. In the end, XMPP is relied upon to bolster IM applications with validation, access control, a high measure of protection, jump by-bounce encryption, end-to-end encryption, and similarity with different conventions.


Key Differences

  1. XMPP is applying XML format whereas SIP is applying text-based format similar to HTTP.
  2. XMPP needs a server in order to continue the communication between the two persons whereas SIP does not need any such server.
  3. XMPP is actually responsible to deal with the data whereas SIP does not hold any such responsibility.
  4. XMPP can easily pass through the firewalls whereas SIP cannot pass through it.
  5. XMPP is explained in RFC 3920 whereas SIP is explained in RFC 3621.
  6. XMPP included an expansion called Jingle for session transaction and SIP added an augmentation called SIMPLE to bolster IM and Presence.

Comparison Video

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Harlon Moss

Harlon currently works as a quality moderator and content writer for Difference Wiki. He graduated from the University of California in 2010 with a degree in Computer Science. Follow him on Twitter @HarlonMoss