Natural Selection vs. Artificial Slection: What's the Difference?

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Key Difference

The difference between natural selection and artificial selection is that natural selection is the natural process of selection of organisms whereas artificial selection is the artificial process of selection of desired organisms.

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Natural Selection vs Artificial Selection

The world has changed a lot; many new mechanisms have been introduced for the advancement and ease of human. Natural selection is the oldest method whereas artificial selection was being introduced for better selection. There is a lot of difference between natural selection and artificial selection. But if we talk about the main or key difference, then the main difference between natural selection and artificial selection is that natural selection is the natural process of selection of organisms whereas artificial selection is the artificial process of selection of desired organisms.  Artificial selection is an unnatural selection that is also known as selective breeding that includes human interference whereas there is no need for human interference in natural selection.

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Natural selection was not introduced because it happened very earlier, the theory of natural selection was given by Charles Darwin in 1859. The meaning of natural selection is natural selection is the natural process of selection of organisms.  The choice of breed is not in the hand of a human as it is said to be a natural process. This theory of natural selection helps to understand the nature. In natural selection fit organisms are sorted, and they are permitted to reproduce. Organisms are involved in natural selection through their ancestor, the process of natural selection is very slow as compared to artificial selection.

Artificial selection is the artificial process of selection of desired organisms. Artificial selection is introduced to enhance the quality of traits. Artificial selection is made to get desire organism traits that do not exit earlier. If we want to grow a flowering plant, and you want that doll to have characteristics of your desire. To get our desire trait, we cross breed two organisms; we want to get their characteristics.

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Comparison Chart

BasisNatural SelectionArtificial Selection
Meaning Natural selection is the natural process of selection of organismsArtificial selection is the artificial process of selection of desired organisms.
Chances of survival In natural selection chances of survival is more.In artificial selection chances of survival is less.
Control There is no control of human in natural selection.There is control of human in artificial selection.
Process The process of natural selection is very slow.The process of artificial selection is very fast as compared to natural selection.

What is Natural Selection?

Natural selection was not introduced because it happened very earlier, the theory of natural selection was given by Charles Darwin in 1859. The meaning of natural selection is natural selection is the natural process of selection of organisms.  The choice of breed is not in the hand of a human as it is said to be a natural process. This theory of natural selection helps to understand the nature. In natural selection fit organisms are sorted, and they are permitted to reproduce. Organisms are involved in natural selection through their ancestor, the process of natural selection is very slow as compared to artificial selection. If human control artificial selection, environment control natural selection.

The process of Natural Selection involves four components:

  1. Variations
    2.Inheritance
    3.The high rate of population growth.
    4. Differential survival and reproduction.

Types of natural selection

  1. Directional selection.
    2. Stabilizing selection.
    3. Disruptive selection

What is Artificial Selection?

Artificial selection is the artificial process of selection of desired organisms. Artificial selection is introduced to enhance the quality of traits. Artificial selection is made to get desire organism traits that do not exit earlier. If we want to grow a flowering plant, and you want that doll to have characteristics of your desire. To get our desire trait, we cross breed two organisms; we want to get their characteristics.

 Key Differences

  1. Natural selection is the natural process of selection of organisms whereas Artificial selection is the artificial process of selection of desired organisms.
  2. In natural selection chances of survival is more whereas in artificial selection chances of survival is less.
  3. There is no control of human in natural selection whereas there is control of human in artificial selection.
  4. The process of natural selection is very slow whereas the process of artificial selection is very fast as compared to natural selection.

Conclusion

Natural selection and artificial selection are two different terms. In this article above we see the clear difference between natural selection and artificial selection.

Explanatory Video

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