The key difference between the male reproductive system and the female reproductive system is that the male reproductive system is designed only to produce sperms and transfer them to the female body while the female reproductive system is designed to produce ovaries and a baby and promotes its development.
Male Reproductive System vs. Female Reproductive System
Reproduction is a fundamental character of life. It is a biological process by which organisms produce their offsprings. The organs of the body that are involved in this process are collectively known as the reproductive system. There are two main types of reproduction, asexual and sexual. Asexual reproduction is carried out by a single parent while sexual reproduction involves two types of parents, i.e., male and female. In sexual reproduction, male and female gametes are produced by male and female reproductive system respectively. These gametes fertilize to form a zygote that is implanted into the female body where further development of the baby takes place. So, male reproductive system is designed such that it is only able to produce male gametes (sperms) and transfer them to the female body while female reproductive system not only produces the gametes (ova), but the development of the baby also takes place in it.
What is the Male Reproductive System?
The male reproductive system is a simple type of system as compared to the female reproductive system. It involves the production of male gametes which are called sperm and transfer them into the female body for fertilization. The main male reproductive organs are scrotum and penis, and they are found outside the body around the pelvic girdle. Because, sperms that are produced inside the scrotum required less temperature than the body. It is essential for the health of the sperms. So, the outer layer of the scrotum is made up of fat and act as an insulator to prevent sperms from damage. Moreover, the scrotum is consist of segments like vas deferens, testes, epididymis, etc. The epididymis is that part of the scrotum where sperms are matured and stored and then transfer to vas deferens. The male reproductive system consists of many other important parts like the seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral gland and accessory gland. Seminal vesicle and the accessory glands produce nourishing fluids for the lubrication of sperms while the hormone that is produced in testes is testosterone. Further, mature sperms are transferred to the penis. Penis transferred these sperms to the female genitalia for fertilization.
There are many types of diseases of a male reproductive system like genetic abnormalities that may occur due to chromosomal mutations during cell division, infections (sexually transmitted disease), cancers, autoimmune disorders, infertility and Peyronie’s disease, etc.
What is Female Reproductive System?
A female reproductive system is a more complex system with multiple functions. Its important functions are the production of female gametes (ovum), fertilization of ovum and sperm and further development of the fetus, It also provides nourishment to the newborn through mammary glands. Although, transfer of the male sperm to female genitalia is essential for further development. The female reproductive system is present inside the body near the pelvic region and has the entry and exit point at the vagina. As, compared to male, female reproductive system has separate openings for menstruation, urination, and sexual intercourse. The female reproductive system consists of the cervix, Labia majora, Labia minora, clitoris, fallopian tubes, hymen, ovaries, perineum, vulva, urethra and uterus, endometrium, and myometrium. The female gonads or ovaries are two in number and are joined by the uterus via fallopian tubes, while uterus opens exteriorly through vagina and cervix. After mating of sperm and egg (fertilization), zygote become embedded into the endometrium tissue in the uterus and starts its development into a fetus.
There is also a large number of diseases of a female reproductive system like genetic abnormalities, nonmenstrual vaginal bleeding, vulvovaginitis, infections (sexually transmitted disease), ectopic pregnancy, ovarian tumors, ovarian cysts, polycystic ovary syndrome, toxic shock syndrome, infertility and endometriosis, etc.
- The reproductive system that produces the sperms and transfers them to female body is known as a male reproductive system while The reproductive system that produces the eggs and where implantation of zygote and development of the baby takes place is known as the female reproductive system.
- The male reproductive system is located outside the body whereas the female reproductive system is located inside the body.
- The male reproductive system produces sperms while the female reproductive system produces eggs.
- Androgen and testosterone hormones are produced in the male reproductive system while Progesterone and Estrogen hormones are produced in the female reproductive system.
- The important organs in the male reproductive system are seminal vesicles, vas deferens, penis, prostate, Cowper’s gland and scrotum (testes), etc. but female reproductive system consists of Vulva, vagina, clitoris, urethra, hymen, perineum, cervix, uterus, Fallopian tubes, mammary gland.
- The male reproductive system involves in the production of sperm and their transfer to the female body while female reproductive system involves in the production of the ovum, receives and fertilizes the sperms, development of the embryo and provide nourishment to the newborn baby through mammary glands.
From the above discussion, it is concluded that male reproductive system found outside the body of the male and involves in the production of sperms and transfer them to the female body while, female reproductive system is located inside the body of the female and involves in the production of the eggs, fertilization of egg and sperm and further development of the baby.