Difference Between Iodide vs. Iodine

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Main Difference

The nature of the Iodine is a chemical compound. The color of the Iodine is specific that is purple. The iodide, on the other side, is an ion and this is the major reason that it is not able to remain in the Free State. It is necessary for the iodide to combine with another element or elements for the prime goal of forming a compound. As an element, the Iodine has a high atomic number of 53. It is represented by the symbol I. As the iodide is an ion, therefore, it is represented by 1-. The Iodine is characterized in the family of halogens consisting of the fluorine and bromine and other elements. It is found in diatomic state just like the other members of its family. The Iodide is the member of the largest ion family of halides including the bromide and fluoride. It is able to form the weak compounds with other elements just like the other members of its family. As an element, the presence of the iodine is very rare on the surface of this planet as it is chemically very reactive and combines with other compounds for the prime goal of forming the iodide compound.

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What is Iodide?

The nature of the iodide prevents it from its presence in the shape of the free status as it is basically an ion that is needed to combine with another element or elements to make the shape of a compound. Being an ion, it is represented by 1-. Iodide ion is the member of the largest ion family called the halides. It is able to form only the weak compounds with the other elements. The Iodide is able to form the chemical compounds as well that are used in the industrial sector such as the methyl iodide. The utilization of the iodide is very common in everyday life because the iodide is the most commonly encountered as a component of iodized salt, which is known as the table salt as well. The iodide ion is very useful for metabolic processes, including the thyroid function and others. As the human bodies don’t have the efficiency of absorbing the solid elemental iodine to use for performing the normal functions, that’s why is the use of the iodides is vital for humans.

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What is Iodine?

The color of the Iodine is purple and the nature of the iodine is chemical compound which has a high atomic number of 53. The family of the Iodine is halogen which all is found in the shape of the diatomic. The Iodine is very reactive by nature and as a result, it combines to other elements very easily which results in the iodide compound creation. As the nature of the Iodine as an element never allows it to exist freely thus, the chances of obtaining the pure Iodine is very rare. It mostly combines with the other elements such as the silver and sodium for the purpose of forming the iodide salts. The different types of organic compounds are made just because of the Iodine such as the methyl iodide used in the industrial sector very frequently. The use of the Iodine is far above the ground these days as it is also used as disinfectant in addition. By the health point of view of the human body, Iodine is very useful because of a disease called goiter may be occurred just due to the deficiency of the Iodine in the body. As a result of the deficiency of Iodine in the body, the body responds with an enlarged thyroid gland in the patient. It is not suggested to take the Iodine orally because it is poisonous and thus, capable of harming the users. In order to cover the deficiency of the Iodine, using the salt is a very common practice consisting of the Potassium Iodide which is able to help in treatment process of this disease.

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Key Differences

  1. The Iodine is an important element belonging to the family of halogens whereas the Iodide is an ion of Iodine.
  2. Iodine is important for the human from the medical point of view as a small amount of stable Iodine is required by the human body in order to make the essential hormones for the thyroid gland.
  3. The Iodine is an element and therefore, has the ability to live alone. As an ion, the iodide can never live unaccompanied.
  4. The nature of the Iodine is a chemical element that has the symbol I and atomic number of 53. In contrast, when the Iodine gains one electron, an iodide ion (I- ion) will be the resultant.
  5. Iodine can’t be used orally and you need to obtain its Iodide form for covering the shortage of iodine in the body.

Video Explanation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a3hyXsjLUVk