FTP vs. TFTP: What's the Difference?

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Key Difference

The difference between FTP and TFTP is that FTP is file transfer protocol and is used to upload and download file between client and server whereas in TFTP only single connection is used to upload and download file between client and server.

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FTP vs. TFTP

There are many types of application layer protocol, two main types of application layer protocol are FTP and TFTP. The main purpose of these is to transfer a file from the client to the server. This can be reverse to as there can be a file transfer between servers to the client. If we talk about complexity, then FTP is more complex than TFTP. The main difference between FTP and TFTP is that FTP is file transfer protocol and is used to upload and download file between client and server whereas in TFTP only single connection is used to upload and download file between client and server. FTP is a file transfer protocol that is used to upload and download file between client and server. File from one host is copied and send to another host in FTP. There can be a problem that can occur in FTP while transferring data from one host to another. There is a communicating host that can have different file name conventions and can also have different directory structures. TFTP is a trivial file transfer protocol that uses only one connection to transfer data between client and server. If we do not want to use FTP in place, we can use TFTP. TFTP can fit into the read only memory of diskless workstations that can be used during the bootstrap time. The total package of TFTP is smaller as compared to FTP. TFTP only requires IP and UDP. In TFTP sender always sends the data block of the fixed size that is 512 bytes and then waits for the acknowledgement. This acknowledgement is received before it sends the next block of data. There are messages are in TFTP that are RRQ, WRQ, DATA, ACK, EROR. HTTP can have different ways to represent data. The problems that are in HTTP are cover in FTP. When two hosts from different configuration want to exchange data FTP is used in place of HTTP. TCP services are used in FTP that can exchange any data. Two connections are used in FTP that is data transfer on TCP’s port number 20 and one separate connection of data. Control connection that is not used in HTTP is used in FTP. The security system is very high in FTP as compared to HTTP.

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Comparison Chart

BasisFTPTFTP
MeaningFTP is file transfer protocol and is used to upload and download file between client and serverIn TFTP only single connection is used to upload and download file between client and server.
SoftwareFTP software is larger than TFTPTFTP software is smaller than FTP
AbbreviationAbbreviation of FTP is file transfer protocolAbbreviation of TFTP is trivial file transfer protocol
ComplexFTP is more complex than TFTPTFTP is less complex than FTP

What is FTP?

FTP is a file transfer protocol that is used to upload and download file between client and server. File from one host is copied and send to another host in FTP. There can be a problem that can occur in FTP while transferring data from one host to another. There is a communicating host that can have different file name conventions and can also have different directory structures. HTTP can have different ways to represent data. The problems that are in HTTP are cover in FTP. When two hosts from different configuration want to exchange data FTP is used in place of HTTP. TCP services are used in FTP that can exchange any data. Two connections are used in FTP that is data transfer on TCP’s port number 20 and one separate connection of data. Control connection that is not used in HTTP is used in FTP. The security system is very high in FTP as compared to HTTP.

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What is TFTP?
TFTP is a trivial file transfer protocol that uses only one connection to transfer data between client and server. If we do not want to use FTP in place, we can use TFTP. TFTP can fit into the read only memory of diskless workstations that can be used during the bootstrap time. The total package of TFTP is smaller as compared to FTP. TFTP only requires IP and UDP. In TFTP sender always sends the data block of the fixed size that is 512 bytes and then waits for the acknowledgement. This acknowledgement is received before it sends the next block of data. There are messages are in TFTP that are RRQ, WRQ, DATA, ACK, EROR.

Key Differences

  1. FTP is file transfer protocol and is used to upload and download file between client and server whereas In TFTP only single connection is used to upload and download file between client and server.
  2. FTP software is larger than TFTP whereas TFTP software is smaller than FTP.
  3. Abbreviation of FTP is file transfer protocol whereas Abbreviation of TFTP is a trivial file transfer protocol
  4. FTP is more complex than TFTP whereas TFTP is less complex than FTP

Explanatory Video