Difference Between FTP vs. SFTP

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Main Difference

The difference between FTP and SFTP is that FTP is a file transfer protocol that does not provide a secure channel to transfer files whereas SFTP is a file transfer protocol that provides a secure channel for transferring files.

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FTP vs. SFTP

There are many file transfer protocol, the use to file transfer protocol is to transfer data from client to server. There are two types of file transfer protocol that are HTTP and FTP. HTTP perform the combine function of both FTP and SMTP. If we talk about the main difference, then the main difference between HTTP and FTP is that HTTP provides a web page from the web server to web browser on request whereas FTP is used to upload and download file between client and server. FTP is a protocol that is used to sorts the problem when a communicating client and server have a different configuration. SFTP stands for secure file transfer protocol, SFTP is a secure way to transfer the files from one network to other. FTP and SFTP work the same, but the only difference is that SFTP provides more security than FTP. The password that is required in FTP is just a plain text which can cause a threat, so SFTP introduced a secure channel to transfer the files. There a protocol that is SSH that is secure shell protocol that is a program in UNIX. A secure connection between client and server is created in SFTP using SFTP. SFTP is the type of FTP, the main difference between FTP and SFTP is that FTP is a file transfer protocol that do not provide secure channel to transfer files whereas SFTP is a file transfer protocol that provides a secure channel to transfer files. The security of computer systems is very important when it comes to data transfer. FTP was a good system for file transfer protocol, but the problem was of data security, so a new system was introduced that as SFTP that provide data security. FTP is a file transfer protocol thatis used to upload and download file between client and server. File from one host is copied and send to another host in FTP. There can be a problem that can occur in FTP while transferring data from one host to another. There is a communicating host that can have different file name conventions and can also have different directory structures. HTTP can have different ways to represent data. The problems that are in HTTP are cover in FTP. When two hosts from different configuration want to exchange data FTP is used in place of HTTP. TCP services are used in FTP that can exchange any data. Two connections are used in FTP that is data transfer on TCP’s port number 20 and one separate connection of data. Control connection that is not used in HTTP is used in FTP. The security system is very high in FTP as compared to HTTP.

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Comparison Chart

BasisFTPSFTP
Full formFull form of FTP is file transfer protocolFull form of SFTP is a secure file transfer protocol
MeaningFTP is a file transfer protocol that does not provide a secure channel to transfer filesSFTP is a file transfer protocol that provides a secure channel to transfer files.
ProtocolFTP is TCP protocolSFTP is SSH protocol
ProtectionFTP uses a password for the protectionSFTP used data encryption for protection

What is FTP?

FTP is a file transfer protocol thatis used to upload and download file between client and server. File from one host is copied and send to another host in FTP. There can be a problem that can occur in FTP while transferring data from one host to another. There is a communicating host that can have different file name conventions and can also have different directory structures. HTTP can have different ways to represent data. The problems that are in HTTP are cover in FTP. When two hosts from different configuration want to exchange data FTP is used in place of HTTP. TCP services are used in FTP that can exchange any data. Two connections are used in FTP that is data transfer on TCP’s port number 20 and one separate connection of data. Control connection that is not used in HTTP is used in FTP. The security system is very high in FTP as compared to HTTP.

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What is SFTP?

SFTP stands for secure file transfer protocol, SFTP is a secure way to transfer the files from one network to other. FTP and SFTP work the same, but the only difference is that SFTP provides more security than FTP. The password that is required in FTP is just a plain text which can cause a threat, so SFTP introduced a secure channel to transfer the files. There a protocol that is SSH that is secure shell protocol that is a program in UNIX. A secure connection between client and server is created in SFTP using SFTP.

Key Differences

  1. Full form of FTP is a file transfer protocol whereas the Full form of SFTP is a secure file transfer
  2. FTP is a file transfer protocol that does not provide a secure channel to transfer files whereas SFTP is a file transfer protocol that provides a secure channel for transferring files.
  3. FTP is a TCP protocol whereas SFTP is SSH protocol.
  4. FTP uses a password for the protection whereas SFTP used data encryption for protection

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