Difference Between Hindi and Hindu

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Main Difference

Hindi is a dialect of Indo-European starting point talked generally in India, Pakistan, and other South Asian nations. Hindu is a man who hones the Hindu religion or is conceived in a family that does. Not everybody who communicates in Hindi practices the Hindu religion and not all Hindus communicates in Hindi. Hindi has advanced from the Sauraseni Prakrit. In spite of the fact that there is no accord for a particular time, Hindi started as nearby vernaculars, for example, Braj, Awadhi, lastly Khari Boli (Standard Hindi) after the turn of the tenth century (these neighborhood lingos are still talked, each by substantial populaces). Amid the rules of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire, which utilized Persian as their official dialect, Khari Boli received numerous Persian and Arabic words. The basis of the assorted arrangement of religious convictions, conventions and theory of Hindus were laid amid the Vedic age which started in India somewhere around 2000 and 1500 BC. The old Vedic religion is considered by most researchers as the antecedent of the cutting edge religion of Hinduism and has profoundly affected India’s history, society, and theory. The Vedas are the most established sacrosanct books of Hinduism and establish the framework of a few schools of Hindu thought. Hindi is composed in the Devanagari script, spoke to by an arrangement of 34 consonants, 12 vowels, and more than 20 diacritics. Among its few vernaculars are Pahari, Garhwali, Brij Bhasha, Awadhi, Chhattisgarhi, Khari Boli, Bambaiya, Bundeli, Maithili, Bhojpuri, and Bihari. The Hindi writing can be comprehensively separated into four conspicuous structures: Bhakti (reverential – Kabir, Raskhan); Shringar (magnificence – Keshav, Bihari); Veer-Gatha (praising fearless warriors); and Adhunik (present day). Hinduism is a differing arrangement of thought with convictions crossing monotheism, polytheism, panentheism, polytheism, monism, and skepticism and its idea of God are intricate and relies on every specific convention and reasoning. The Hindu sacred texts, Vedas, and Upanishads were transmitted orally in verse structure to help remembrance, for a long time before they were composed down. Over numerous hundreds of years, sages refined the teachings and extended the ordinance. Most Hindu sacred texts are not regularly translated truly. More significance is appended to the morals and figurative implications got from them. The sacrosanct writings are characterized into two classes: Shruti (sound) and Smriti (memory), and are for the most part in Sanskrit.

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Hindi

Hindi is an institutionalized and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani dialect. Hindi is an official dialect of the Union of India, and the most widely used language of the Hindi belt dialects. In the 2001 Indian evaluation, 258 million individuals in India reported Hindi to be their local dialect. In any case, this number incorporates countless individuals who are local speakers of related dialects yet who consider their discourse to be a lingo of Hindi. Hindi is the fourth-most locally talked dialect on the planet, after Mandarin, Spanish, and English.

Hindu

Hindu are the followers of Hinduism most eminently in Nepal and India and their diaspora. It has truly been utilized as a topographical, social or religious identifier for individuals indigenous toward the South Asia. In contemporary use, Hindu alludes to any individual who sees himself or herself as socially, ethnically or religiously holding fast to parts of Hinduism. The verifiable significance of the term Hindu has developed with time. Beginning with the Persian and Greek references to India in the first thousand years BCE through the writings of the medieval era, the term Hindu suggested a geographic, ethnic or social identifier for individuals living in Indian subcontinent around or past Sindhu (Indus) river. By the sixteenth century, the term started to allude to occupants of India who were not Turks or Muslims. The word Hindu is gotten from the Indo-Aryan and Sanskrit word Sindhu, which signifies an expansive waterway, covering stream, and ocean. It was utilized as the name of the Indus stream furthermore alluded to its tributaries.

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Key Differences

  • Hindu is a word that alludes to individuals living in India and rehearsing any of its diverse religions.
  • Hindi is a dialect that has been embraced as the national dialect by the constitution of India.
  • Hindu does not mean a religion because the word to portray a religion is Hinduism, but not a religion itself.
  • The word Hindu has originated from the Sindhu River. It was later on named as Indus by the Europeans.
  • All Hindus don’t communicate in Hindi as there are numerous different dialects talked in various parts of the nation.

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