Difference Between Christianity and Islam

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Main Difference

The main difference between two Abrahamic religions Christianity and Islam is that Christianity is based on the belief that Jesus is the Son of God while Islam believes God is only one and He has no son, daughter, wife, etc.

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Comparison Chart

Basis of DistinctionChristianityIslam
DefinitionChristianity is an Abrahamic religion that is based on the teachings of Jesus of NazarethIslam is an Abrahamic religion that is based on the teachings of Muhammad
FounderJesus ChristMohammed
SectsThree main sects: Orthodox, Protestant and Roman CatholicTwo main sects: Sunni and Shia. These are sub-divided into further groups
Concept of GodOne God, who exists in three distinct persons: Father, Son, and Holy SpiritOne God, who is not a trinity
Followers’ TitleChristianMuslim
Holy BooksThe BibleThe Quran
Followers2.2 billion1.7 billion
Belief in Each Other Book and ProphetNoYes
Places of WorshipChapel, Cathedral, Church, Home Bible Study and Personal DwellingsMosque or Masjid and any clean place on the earth
ClergyBishops, Priests, Monks and NunsImam, Molvi, Sheikh, Mullah, Mufti and Maulana
Original LanguagesAramaic, Latin and GreenArabic
Religion and StateSeparateIntegrated
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Christianity

Christianity is a monotheistic religion in view of the life and lessons of Jesus Christ. It is the world’s biggest religion, with more than 2.4 billion devotees, or 33% of the worldwide populace, known as Christians. Christians trust that Jesus is the Son of God and the friend in need of mankind who’s coming as the Messiah was forecasted in the Old Testament. Christian conviction fixates on the life of Jesus of Nazareth, an educator, and healer who lived in first century Palestine. The essential wellspring of data about the life of Jesus is the Gospels, which were composed at some point somewhere around 20 and 100 years after his passing and turned into the initial four books of the New Testament. The Gospels depict a three-year instructing and mending service amid which Jesus pulled in 12 close teaches and different devotees who trusted him to be the Messiah (Christos). Jesus’ lessons centered on the subjects of the kingdom of God, love of God and love of neighbor. Alongside some of his teachings, his developing notoriety with the masses was viewed as perilous by Jewish religious pioneers and the Roman government, prompting to his execution by torturous killing. Christians trust Jesus became alive once again three days after the fact, and in this manner made it workable for the individuals who accept to be pardoned of wrongdoing and achieve interminable life. Quite a bit of Christian conviction and practice focuses on the restoration of Christ.

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Islam

Islam is one of the biggest religions on the planet, with more than 1 billion supporters. It is a monotheistic religion on disclosures got by the Prophet Muhammad in seventh century Saudi Arabia. The Arabic word Islam means “submission,” mirroring the confidence’s focal precept of submitting to the will of God. Supporters of Islam are called Muslims. As indicated by Islamic convention, the heavenly attendant Gabriel appeared to the Prophet through the span of 20 years, uncovering to him many messages from God. Muslims perceive some former Judeo-Christian prophets—including Moses and Jesus—as delegates of a similar genuine God. In any case, in Islam, however, Muhammad is the last and most prominent of the prophets, whose disclosures alone are immaculate and uncorrupted. The religious content of Islam, the Qur’an, was composed in Arabic within 30 years of Muhammad’s demise. Muslims trust it contains the stern expression of God. Additionally vital is the convention of the adages and activities of Muhammad and his associates, gathered in the Hadith. Islamic practices focus on the Five Pillars of Islam— prayer; fasting; pilgrimage to Mecca; and alms—and—and incorporate a few occasions and ceremonies too.

Key Differences

  • Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is the second person of Trinity while according to Islam, Jesus was a Prophet sent by Allah.
  • According to Christianity, “Jesus Christ was crucified for our sake…he suffered death and was buried. On the third day, he rose again…he ascended into heaven…”Islam believes, Jesus was not crucified but was raised to heaven by Allah.
  • The important rituals are The Sacraments, Communion, Confirmation, Marriage, Penance, Holy Orders, Anointing of the Sick and Prayer. The important rituals or pillars of Islam are Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Sawm, and Hajj.
  • Christianity says that human is born with inherent sinful nature that has been prevailing in a human being since Adam who rebelled against God. Islam says that all humans are born sinless, but human weakness leads to sin.
  • According to Christianity, the unrighteous will leave spend the entire time in hell whereas Islam says a person may not necessarily spend eternity there.
  • According to Islam, a person cannot be treated as Muslim if he doesn’t believe on Jesus (Isa) while there is no such condition about Prophet Muhammad in modern day Christianity.
  • Christianity was originated at the Roman province of Judea whereas Islam was originated in Mecca at Mount Hira.
  • Uses of pictures and statues are allowed in Orthodox and Catholic Churches, while all sects of Islam are against the images and status of both God and Prophet Muhammad.
  • The religious law exists among Catholics in the form of Canon Law where has Shariah Law exists in Islam.
  • Christians worshiped on Saturday and the Lord’s Day while Muslims pray five times daily and also pray especially on Friday.
  • Holy days in Christianity are Christmas, Good Friday, Sunday, Easter, Lent and Saints’, Feast Days. Holy days in Isla, are Ramadan, Eid-ul-Fitr, and Eid-ul-Adha.

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